Australia

Latest release
2021 Census All persons QuickStats
Geography type Australia
Area code AUS
People 25,422,788
Male 49.3%
Female 50.7%
Median age 38
Families 6,730,187
Average number of children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all households (a) 0.7
All private dwellings 10,852,208
Average number of people per household 2.5
Median weekly household income $1,746
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,863
Median weekly rent (b) $375
Average number of motor vehicles per dwelling 1.8

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.
(b) For 2021, median weekly rent calculations exclude dwellings being occupied rent-free.

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Small random changes have been made to all cell values for privacy reasons. These changes may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals.

People and population

People
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Male 12,545,154 49.3 11,546,637 49.3
Female 12,877,635 50.7 11,855,244 50.7

More information on Sex (SEXP), Place of usual residence (PURP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Indigenous status
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander 812,728 3.2 649,168 2.8
Non-Indigenous 23,375,949 91.9 21,341,229 91.2
Indigenous status not stated 1,234,112 4.9 1,411,492 6.0

More information on Indigenous status (INGP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Age
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Median age 38 N/A 38 N/A
0-4 years 1,463,817 5.8 1,464,782 6.3
5-9 years 1,586,138 6.2 1,502,647 6.4
10-14 years 1,588,051 6.2 1,397,187 6.0
15-19 years 1,457,812 5.7 1,421,597 6.1
20-24 years 1,579,539 6.2 1,566,790 6.7
25-29 years 1,771,676 7.0 1,664,606 7.1
30-34 years 1,853,085 7.3 1,703,846 7.3
35-39 years 1,838,822 7.2 1,561,682 6.7
40-44 years 1,648,843 6.5 1,583,255 6.8
45-49 years 1,635,963 6.4 1,581,456 6.8
50-54 years 1,610,944 6.3 1,523,556 6.5
55-59 years 1,541,911 6.1 1,454,329 6.2
60-64 years 1,468,097 5.8 1,299,400 5.6
65-69 years 1,298,460 5.1 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 1,160,768 4.6 887,715 3.8
75-79 years 821,920 3.2 652,661 2.8
80-84 years 554,598 2.2 460,550 2.0
85 years and over 542,342 2.1 486,845 2.1

More information on Age (AGEP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Married 9,665,708 46.5 9,148,220 48.1
Separated 674,590 3.2 608,056 3.2
Divorced 1,831,952 8.8 1,626,891 8.5
Widowed 1,029,142 5.0 985,201 5.2
Never married 7,583,393 36.5 6,668,916 35.0

Note: In December 2017, amendments to the Marriage Act 1961 came into effect enabling marriage equality for all couples. For 2021, registered marriages include all couples.

More information on Registered marital status (MSTP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over, usually resident and present in the household on Census night
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Registered marriage (a) 8,747,137 46.6 8,001,140 47.7
De facto marriage (b) 2,168,347 11.5 1,751,736 10.4
Not married 7,863,322 41.9 7,024,965 41.9

(a) In December 2017, amendments to the Marriage Act 1961 came into effect enabling marriage equality for all couples. For 2021, registered marriages include all couples.
(b) De facto marriage is when two people live together as partners who are not in a registered marriage. It includes people who report de facto, partner, common law husband/wife/spouse, lover, girlfriend or boyfriend.

More information on Social marital status (MDCP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Education

Type of educational institution attending
People attending an educational institution
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Preschool 484,185 6.3 347,618 4.8
Primary  null  null  null  null
Primary - Government 1,421,300 18.5 1,314,791 18.2
Primary - Catholic 396,758 5.2 380,606 5.3
Primary - other non-Government 254,043 3.3 231,484 3.2
Primary total (a) 2,075,224 27.0 1,926,884 26.7
Secondary  null  null  null  null
Secondary - Government 934,138 12.2 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 371,022 4.8 338,388 4.7
Secondary - other non-Government 322,314 4.2 280,612 3.9
Secondary total (b) 1,629,624 21.2 1,446,502 20.1
Tertiary  null  null  null  null
Tertiary - Vocational education (including TAFE and private training providers) 601,901 7.8 424,870 5.9
Tertiary - University or other higher education 1,185,450 15.4 1,160,620 16.1
Tertiary total (c) 1,789,994 23.3 1,585,492 22.0
Other 242,821 3.2 198,380 2.8
Not stated 1,456,618 19.0 1,707,024 23.7

(a) For 2021, includes Primary - not further defined.
(b) For 2021, includes Secondary - not further defined.
(c) For 2021, includes Tertiary - not further defined.

More information on Type of educational institution attending (TYPP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Cultural diversity

Ancestry, top responses
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
English 8,385,928 33.0 7,852,222 33.6
Australian 7,596,753 29.9 7,298,241 31.2
Irish 2,410,833 9.5 2,388,058 10.2
Scottish 2,176,777 8.6 2,023,468 8.6
Chinese 1,390,639 5.5 1,213,906 5.2

Note 1: Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry multi response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the sum of all ancestry responses for Australia will not equal the total number of people in Australia.

Note 2: Calculated percentages represent a proportion of the number of people in Australia (including those who did not state an ancestry).

More information on Ancestry multi response (ANCP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Country of birth, top responses
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Australia 17,019,815 66.9 15,614,834 66.7
Other top responses:  null  null  null  null
England 927,490 3.6 907,568 3.9
India 673,352 2.6 455,385 1.9
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 549,618 2.2 509,558 2.2
New Zealand 530,492 2.1 518,462 2.2
Philippines 293,892 1.2 232,391 1.0

More information on Country of birth of person (BPLP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Country of birth of parents
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Both parents born overseas 9,321,603 36.7 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 1,670,476 6.6 1,488,095 6.4
Mother only born overseas 1,257,942 4.9 1,094,594 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 11,663,577 45.9 11,070,537 47.3
Not stated 1,509,188 5.9 1,697,463 7.3

Note: For the 2021 Census, guidance was provided to respondents on how to answer for mother/father if their birth parent is unknown or they have same-sex parents.

More information on Country of birth of parents (BPPP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Country of birth of father, top stated responses
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Australia 12,959,282 51.0 12,231,149 52.3
England 1,626,778 6.4 1,403,095 6.0
India 935,066 3.7 616,939 2.6
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 784,594 3.1 704,657 3.0
New Zealand 673,661 2.6 617,334 2.6

Note: For the 2021 Census, guidance was provided to respondents on how to answer for father if their birth parent is unknown or they have same-sex parents.

More information on Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Country of birth of mother, top stated responses
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Australia 13,383,605 52.6 12,643,366 54.0
England 1,488,479 5.9 1,302,149 5.6
India 917,541 3.6 605,776 2.6
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 787,673 3.1 699,071 3.0
New Zealand 650,743 2.6 608,329 2.6

Note: For the 2021 Census, guidance was provided to respondents on how to answer for mother if their birth parent is unknown or they have same-sex parents.

More information on Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Religious affiliation, top responses
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
No Religion, so described 9,767,448 38.4 6,933,711 29.6
Catholic 5,075,907 20.0 5,291,839 22.6
Anglican 2,496,273 9.8 3,101,187 13.3
Not stated 1,751,052 6.9 2,132,167 9.1
Islam 813,392 3.2 604,244 2.6

Note: 'No Religion, so described' does not include those who reported Secular and Other Spiritual Beliefs such as Atheism, Agnosticism and Own Spiritual Beliefs.

For 2021 in Australia, Christianity was the largest broad group religious group reported overall (47.1%) (excludes Not stated). The broad group level is the highest and most general level of the Australian Standard Classification of Religious Groups, 2016.

More information on Religious affiliation (RELP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Language used at home, top responses (other than English)
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Mandarin 685,274 2.7 596,713 2.5
Arabic 367,159 1.4 321,723 1.4
Vietnamese 320,758 1.3 277,405 1.2
Cantonese 295,281 1.2 280,947 1.2
Punjabi 239,033 0.9 132,490 0.6
 null  null  null  null  null
English only used at home 18,303,662 72.0 17,020,416 72.7
Households where a non-English language is used 2,295,688 24.8 1,961,659 23.7

More information on Language used at home (LANP)
Languages used at home data is based on place of usual residence
Households where a non-English language is used, is based on place of enumeration

Income and work

Median weekly incomes (a)
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Personal (b) $805 N/A $662 N/A
Family (c) $2,120 N/A $1,734 N/A
Household (d) $1,746 N/A $1,438 N/A

(a) Incomes are collected in ranges. The medians are then calculated using information from the Survey of Income and Housing.
(b) Excludes people aged 15 years and over who did not state their income.
(c) Excludes families where at least one family member aged 15 years and over did not state their income.
(d) Excludes households where at least one household member aged 15 years and over did not state their income.

More information on Total personal income (INCP), Total family income (FINF), Total household income (HIND)
Personal income data is based on place of usual residence
Family and household income data is based on place of enumeration

Unpaid work and care

Unpaid work and care
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Did unpaid domestic work (week before Census Night) 14,077,657 67.7 13,143,912 69.0
Provided unpaid care for child/children (during two weeks before Census Night) 5,471,756 26.3 5,259,398 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability, health condition or due to old age (during two weeks before Census Night) 2,476,681 11.9 2,145,201 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 2,933,646 14.1 3,620,726 19.0

More information on Unpaid domestic work (DOMP), Unpaid child care (CHCAREP), Unpaid assistance to a person with a disability, health condition, or due to old age (UNCAREP), Voluntary work for an organisation or group (VOLWP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Less than 5 hours 4,117,135 19.8 4,298,596 22.6
5 to 14 hours 5,663,904 27.3 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours 2,511,024 12.1 2,189,780 11.5
30 hours or more 1,785,591 8.6 1,710,970 9.0

Note: Measures the time spent during the week before the Census doing domestic work without pay for themselves and their household.

More information on Unpaid domestic work: number of hours (DOMP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Health

Type of long-term health condition
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Arthritis 2,150,396 8.5 N/A N/A
Asthma 2,068,020 8.1 N/A N/A
Cancer (including remission) 732,152 2.9 N/A N/A
Dementia (including Alzheimer's) 189,162 0.7 N/A N/A
Diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes) 1,198,721 4.7 N/A N/A
Heart disease (including heart attack or angina) 999,096 3.9 N/A N/A
Kidney disease 231,777 0.9 N/A N/A
Lung condition (including COPD or emphysema) 441,109 1.7 N/A N/A
Mental health condition (including depression or anxiety) 2,231,543 8.8 N/A N/A
Stroke 234,609 0.9 N/A N/A
Any other long-term health condition(s) 2,041,929 8.0 N/A N/A
No long-term health condition(s) 15,292,718 60.2 N/A N/A
Not stated 2,066,251 8.1 N/A N/A

Note 1: Respondents had the option of reporting multiple long-term health conditions. Therefore, the sum of all long-term health condition responses for Australia will not equal the total number of people in Australia.

Note 2: Calculated percentages represent a proportion of the number of people in Australia (including those who did not answer the long-term health conditions question).

Note 3: 2016 comparison data is not available for this table. Long-term health conditions is a new question for the 2021 Census.

More information on Type of long-term health condition (LTHP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Count of selected long-term health conditions
All people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
None of the selected conditions 16,302,537 64.1 N/A N/A
One condition 4,791,516 18.8 N/A N/A
Two conditions 1,490,344 5.9 N/A N/A
Three or more conditions 772,142 3.0 N/A N/A
Not stated 2,066,251 8.1 N/A N/A

Note 1: Selected long-term health conditions include arthritis, asthma, cancer (including remission), dementia (including Alzheimer's), diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes), heart disease (including heart attack or angina), kidney disease, lung condition (including COPD or emphysema), mental health condition (including depression or anxiety) and stroke. Other long-term health conditions are not included in this count.

Note 2: 2016 comparison data is not available for this table. Long-term health conditions is a new question for the 2021 Census.

More information on Count of selected long-term health conditions (CLTHP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Australian Defence Force service

Australian Defence Force Service
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Currently serving 84,865 0.4 N/A N/A
Previously served (and not currently serving) 496,276 2.4 N/A N/A
Has never served 18,954,152 91.2 N/A N/A
Not stated 1,249,493 6.0 N/A N/A

Note 1: Australian Defence Force Service includes service in the Regular and/or Reserves service. Includes Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Second Australian Imperial Force, National Service and NORFORCE. Excludes service for non-Australian defence forces.

Note 2: 2016 comparison data is not available for this table. Service with the Australian Defence Force is a new question for the 2021 Census.

More information on Australian Defence Force service (ADFP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Families

Family composition
People aged 15 years and over
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Couple family without children 2,608,834 38.8 2,291,985 37.8
Couple family with children 2,944,140 43.7 2,716,221 44.7
One parent family 1,068,268 15.9 959,544 15.8
Other family 108,941 1.6 102,558 1.7

More information on Family composition (FMCF)
Table based on place of enumeration

Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Male N/A 19.6 N/A 18.2
Female N/A 80.4 N/A 81.8

More information on Sex of lone parent (SLPP)
Table based on place of enumeration

Dwellings

Dwelling count
Private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Occupied private dwellings 9,275,217 89.9 8,286,079 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 1,043,776 10.1 1,039,879 11.2

More information on Dwelling type (DWTD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Separate house 6,710,582 72.3 6,041,787 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 1,168,860 12.6 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 1,319,095 14.2 1,087,441 13.1
Other dwelling 54,711 0.6 64,418 0.8

More information on Dwelling structure (STRD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
None (includes studio apartments or bedsitters) 44,864 0.5 39,768 0.5
1 bedroom 488,681 5.3 411,253 5.0
2 bedrooms 1,768,530 19.1 1,562,754 18.9
3 bedrooms 3,617,803 39.0 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 3,224,351 34.8 2,670,759 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 130,989 1.4 198,350 2.4
 null  null  null  null  null
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.1 N/A 3.1 N/A
Average number of people per household 2.5 N/A 2.6 N/A

More information on Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD), Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Number of registered motor vehicles
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
None 673,969 7.3 623,830 7.5
1 motor vehicle 3,353,737 36.2 2,881,491 34.8
2 motor vehicles 3,366,738 36.3 2,999,183 36.2
3 or more vehicles 1,745,924 18.8 1,496,380 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 134,848 1.5 285,198 3.4

Note: Motor vehicles excludes motorbikes, motor scooters and heavy motor vehicles.

More information on Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Housing

Household composition
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Family households 6,542,648 70.5 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 2,370,742 25.6 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 361,822 3.9 354,911 4.3

More information on Household composition (HHCD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Tenure type
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Owned outright 2,872,331 31.0 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage (a) 3,242,449 35.0 2,855,220 34.5
Rented (b) 2,842,378 30.6 2,482,548 30.0
Other tenure type (c) 181,518 2.0 157,748 1.9
Tenure type not stated 136,538 1.5 224,868 2.7

(a) Includes dwellings purchased under a shared equity scheme.
(b) Excludes dwellings being occupied rent-free. The 2016 figure presented above is conceptually comparable with the 2021 data, however this is not comparable with historical QuickStats as dwellings being occupied rent-free were included in the rented categories.
(c) Comprises dwellings occupied rent free, occupied under a life tenure scheme and other tenure type.

More information on Tenure type (TEND)
Table based on place of enumeration

Household income
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households)
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Less than $650 total household weekly income (a) N/A 16.5 N/A 20.0
More than $3,000 total household weekly income (a) N/A 24.3 N/A 16.4

(a) Percentages (%) exclude dwellings with 'Partial income stated' or 'All incomes not stated.'

More information on Total household income (weekly) (HIND)
Table based on place of enumeration

Rent weekly payments
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households) being rented
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Median rent (a) 375 N/A 340 N/A
 null  null  null  null  null
Renter households where rent payments are less than or equal to 30% of household income (b) 1,667,080 58.7 1,303,647 52.5
Renter households with rent payments greater than 30% of household income (b) 915,317 32.2 893,973 36.0
Unable to determine (c) 259,992 9.1 284,927 11.5

(a) Median rent calculations exclude dwellings being occupied rent-free. The 2016 figure presented above is conceptually comparable with the 2021 data, however this is not comparable with historical QuickStats as dwellings being occupied rent-free were included in the rented categories.
(b) The 2016 figure presented above is conceptually comparable with 2021 data, however this is not comparable with historical QuickStats, as applicable households included in this calculation have changed. For details on how Household income is derived please refer to RAID.
(c) Unable to determine includes those households in which income and/or housing costs were not, or were only partially stated, by persons in the household.

More information on Rent payments (weekly) (RNTD), Rent affordability indicator (RAID)
Table based on place of enumeration

Mortgage monthly repayments
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households) owned with a mortgage or purchased under a shared equity scheme
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Median mortgage repayments 1,863 N/A 1,755 N/A
 null  null  null  null  null
Owner with mortgage households where mortgage repayments are less than or equal to 30% of household income (a) 2,398,902 74.0 1,920,303 67.3
Owner with mortgage households with mortgage repayments greater than 30% of household income (a) 468,817 14.5 551,753 19.3
Unable to determine (b) 374,734 11.6 383,172 13.4

(a) The 2016 figure presented above is conceptually comparable with 2021 data, however this is not comparable with historical QuickStats, as applicable households included in this calculation have changed. For details on how Household income is derived please refer to MAID.
(b) Unable to determine includes those households in which income and/or housing costs were not, or were only partially stated, by persons in the household.

More information on Mortgage repayments (monthly) (MRED), Mortgage affordability indicator (MAID)
Table based on place of enumeration

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples

People characteristics
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Male 403,709 49.7 322,172 49.6
Female 409,025 50.3 326,992 50.4
 null  null  null  null  null
Median age 24 N/A 23 N/A

More information on Sex (SEXP), Indigenous status (INGP)
Table based on place of usual residence

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households) where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Average number of people per household 3.1 N/A 3.2 N/A
Average number of people per bedroom 1 N/A 1 N/A
Median weekly household income (a) 1,507 N/A 1,203 N/A

(a) Excludes households where at least one person aged 15 years and over in the household did not state their income.

More information on Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD), Household composition (HHCD), Total household income (HIND), Indigenous household indicator (INGDWTD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings (excl. visitor only and other non-classifiable households) where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Australia, 2021 % Australia, 2021 Australia, 2016 % Australia, 2016
Median weekly rent (a) 300 N/A 255 N/A
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,721 N/A 1,660 N/A

(a) Median rent calculations exclude dwellings being occupied rent-free. The 2016 figure presented above is conceptually comparable with the 2021 data, however this is not comparable with historical QuickStats as dwellings being occupied rent-free were included in the rented categories.

More information on Rent weekly payments (RNTD), Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED), Indigenous household indicator (INGDWTD)
Table based on place of enumeration

Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals.