Australian Bureau of Statistics

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Indigenous Statistics for Schools

Image:  Demographic, social and economic context POPULATION


In the 2006 Census, 455,028 people identified themselves as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, which represented 2.3% of the total Australian population. However, after taking into account the post Census adjustments (see below) the final estimated resident Indigenous population of Australia was higher at 517,043 or 2.5% of the total population (20 697 880 persons), at 30 June 2006.

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Estimated resident population (ERP)
      The ERP is the official measure of the Australian population and its states and territories. Although the population is counted at Census time (every 5 years in August), there are a number of factors that need to be adjusted to arrive at a more accurate figure. These factors include:
      • Removing overseas visitors, and adding Australian citizens who were overseas on the night of the Census;
      • Adjusting for other people missed in the Census count; and
      • Allocating Indigenous status where this was not stated

Further Information: See Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 ( 4713.0)

Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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