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Geography Activities
These activities are free and cover a range of topics including homelessness, biodiversity and Australia's population density and distribution. You can view all the activities as webpages or download rich text files (RTF) and modify them to suit your needs.

IDTitleSuggested LevelOverview

GEO01Whatever Happened To.....?Years 7–8The loss of biodiversity in Australia is explored using a range of activities for students to complete in small groups. Each activity contributes to a large classroom wall display based on a timeline constructed from 1788 to the present day. The activities cater for a range of learning styles and variations in group size. Worksheets are available to download for each group activity.

GEO02WaterYears 9–10Water is critical for sustaining life and Australia is the second driest continent on earth after Antarctica. This activity explores the role of water within Australia, its origins, storage, use and value to the economy. In addition, an opportunity is created through the use of CensusAtSchool data to review how household behaviour leads to water savings.

GEO03 Population DistributionYears 9–10This activity uses the Year Book Australia 2007 (cat. no. 1301.0) to look at the distribution of population in Australia. It examines the methods used to represent distribution and shows how geographers describe a distribution pattern. Factors affecting the distribution are classified into social, historical, environmental, economic and political in order to explain the distribution of population.
  • Includes solution and rubric

GEO04 Population DensityYears 9–10The distribution of population can be illustrated in a number of different ways. This activity uses information from the Year Book Australia 2007 (cat. no. 1301.0) to calculate and map population density for the states and territories of Australia. The advantages and disadvantages of displaying the data in this way are examined.
  • Includes solution

GEO05 Population of Australian Capital CitiesYears 9–10This activity compares the size of Australia’s state capitals and develops the use of proportional symbols to represent the data.

There are two opportunities for extension. The first includes drawing proportional circles to more accurately represent of the data. The second option involves integrating the statistics into a geographic information system (GIS) to develop the skills of digital thematic mapping.
  • Includes solution

GEO06 Population GrowthYears 9–10This activity examines how population changes over time and uses chapter 5 of Year Book Australia 2007 (cat. no. 1301.0). The change of population for Australian states and territories for the period 2004–2005 is examined and mapped. The consequences of rapid change for a community or region can be discussed.
  • Includes solution

GEO07 Population Structure: Construction of Population PyramidsYears 9–10This activity studies the concept of population structure through the creation of a population pyramid for Indigenous Australians. Students can then compare the shape of the Indigenous pyramid with pyramids for Australia's states and territories.
  • Includes solution and rubric

GEO08 Population Structure: Interpretation of Population PyramidsYears 9–10The activity explores changes to the structure of Australia’s population over time and how this is reflected in the shape of the population pyramid. The implications of an ageing population in Australia are raised. Comparison between countries enables students to develop a theory based upon the shape of population pyramids.
  • Includes solution and rubric

GEO09 Using Census Data to Develop Geospatial ConceptsYears 8–11This activity asks students to create a map using MapStats for a chosen area such as a postcode, suburb or Local Government area. The map should show the ABS Collection Districts so spatial variation within the district can be seen. Students gain an understanding of spatial concepts such as location, scale, distance, distribution and association.

GEO10 Developing a Community Profile Using Census DataYears 7–10This activity develops geographical skills through the use of Census 2006 data. It enables students to discover social characteristics of their local area. Students present the social statistics in a variety of formats, analyse the data and create a summary of the social characteristics of the area.

GEO11Developing an Urban TransectYears 9–10This activity enables students to visualise variations between parts of a city by using a transect. A transect is a way of viewing change in natural and human features along a line. A transect introduces the concept of distance decay. How do the socio-economic characteristics of a city change as distance from the central business district increases?

For individuals or as a group activity.


GEO12Journey to School Years 7–9This activity investigates where students live and how they get to school. It integrates a range of technologies from Google Earth, MS Excel, a geographic information system if available, with the engaging online learning tool CensusAtSchool and census data.

GEO13Moving In and Moving UpYear 9–10This classroom activity explores the rapid changes occurring in the inner part of Australia’s capital cities similar to those taking place globally. It provides a useful introduction to city programs which are being undertaken by some schools.

GEO14The HomelessYear 9–11This activity explores the issue of the homeless through statistical data collected in the 2006 Census of Population and Housing and other ABS source material. Data is provided to develop a picture of homelessness across the nation with additional statistics for the homeless in the inner part of Australia’s capital cities. The activity may be developed further with a film review and research.


Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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