Current Household Surveys
MONTHLY POPULATION SURVEY
CENSUS POST ENUMERATION SURVEY
MONTHLY POPULATION SURVEY (MPS)
CENSUS POST ENUMERATION SURVEY (PES) 2016
The Census Post Enumeration Survey (PES) is a short survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) after each Census to provide an independent measure of the accuracy of the Census. The survey will approach approximately 50,000 households, including those in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, selected at random from rural and urban areas across Australia.
Two survey questionnaires are used for the PES, one for the general population sample and one for the remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community sample. The questionnaires have been tailored to ensure the highest quality data is collected within the designated sample area. The remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community PES commences on 1 August and runs for 3 months until 29 October 2016; and the general population PES commences late September and runs through to late October 2016.
What is the survey used for?
The PES is designed to collect information on how many people should have been counted in the Census, how many were missed and how many were counted more than once to produce estimates of over-count and under-count. These estimates are used to:
- derive resident population estimates for 30 June of the Census year;
- provide users with an assessment of the accuracy of Census counts, allowing them to take this into account when using Census information; and
- evaluate the effectiveness of Census collection procedures so that improvements can be made for future Censuses.
Accurate resident population estimates are required for a wide range of uses including the allocation of seats to states and territories in the House of Representatives of the Australian Parliament, distribution of Commonwealth payments to states and territories and demographic, social and economic studies.
What information is collected?
The PES collects information about the household and each person in the household (for example their name, sex and age). It also collects information about whether each person was included on a Census form and if so at what address, whether they could have been included on a Census form at other addresses and where they were staying on Census night.
How are households selected for inclusion in the survey?
Dwellings are selected at random across Australia so that within each State and Territory each household has a known chance of selection. Each selected dwelling represents a number of others in that area, in that State and in Australia. The information collected from each selected household is used to represent a number of others which are like them in terms of their key characteristics. The co-operation of all those selected is important to ensure all households/persons are properly represented in the survey and so are properly reflected in the survey results.
Has a survey of this type ever been conducted before?
Yes, the 2016 PES will be the eleventh in the series conducted every 5 years since 1966.
How will households be contacted?
Households will receive an explanatory letter informing them of their selection in the survey together with a flyer which outlines the survey and their role in it. Households will be offered the opportunity to register for the survey to help coordinate a convenient time for the survey interview. If a household does not register, a fully trained ABS interviewer will visit the household to explain the purpose of the survey, answer any questions they might have and make an appointment for the survey interview.
What provision is made for respondents who do not speak English well?
Where possible, an ABS Interviewer who is fluent in the language of the householder will conduct the interviewer. Otherwise, an interpreter will help to conduct the interview.
Will respondents be paid for their time?
No. As with other household surveys, the ABS relies on the willing cooperation of households.
Why are Notebook computers being used for the survey interview?
The use of Notebook computers increases the security of the information collected. Information collected can only be accessed by the Interviewer and the ABS officers responsible for processing the data. The Notebook computers help to reduce the number of mistakes that can be made during each interview. This improves the quality and reliability of the survey data. The Notebook computers also make it easier for the Interviewer to conduct the survey.
Is the survey compulsory?
The questions in the PES are asked under the authority of the Census and Statistics Act 1905. Under the Act, you are obliged to provide the information that is requested. The ABS is required by the Act to maintain the secrecy of all information provided to it. No information will be released in a way that would enable an individual or household to be identified.
Will the information provided be confidential?
Where can I obtain the survey results?
Survey results will be available June 2017, free of charge, on the ABS website.