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Back to Education Services home pagePopulation Datasets
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These datasets have been designed to increase students' understanding of ABS data & statistics in general, while giving them a fascinating insight into the lives of Australians. For instance, Dataset Pop5 shows the estimated population of Australia every 10 years from 1901 to 2001. This demonstrates Australia's population growth and allows for future population estimations to be made.

The data used in the sets have been extracted from a wide range of ABS publications and adapted to make them easy to use, print and graph. Data within the sets has been updated with the latest data available, at the time of publication. If you want other data, you can access all online ABS publications through the Statistics page on the ABS website (abs.gov.au).

Interactive Graphs iconTables that have this icon have interactive graphs that you can view. Simply click on the icon next to table to go to the interactive graph.

Link to lesson iconTables that have this icon have learning tasks that you can view and download. Simply click on the icon next to table to go to the learning task.



Download dataset Excel file here:
(all datasets)
Download dataset Excel file


Datasets

Title IntervalsAustralian Curriculum Reference

Pop1Estimated Resident Population (ERP), by Top 25 countries of birth (incl Australia), by Sex ratio, & by Median age, 1996 to 2013YearlyShow details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography

Show details for HistoryHistory
Link to lesson icon
Interactive Graphs icon

Pop2Estimated Resident Population (ERP), by Sex ratio, by State / Territory, 1911 to 2007YearlyShow details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography

Show details for HistoryHistory
Interactive Graphs icon

Pop3Indigenous population, by State / Territory, 1788 to 2006Selected yearsShow details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for HistoryHistory
Interactive Graphs icon

Pop4Population, by Country of birth, by State / Territory, 1846-1891Selected yearsShow details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography

Pop5Population, by Sex, by Age, 1901 to 2001DecadalShow details for MathematicsMathematics

Pop6Indigenous population, by Sex, by Age, 1986 to 2006Selected Census yearsHide details for MathematicsMathematics
Year 7 (ACMSP169)
Year 9 (ACMSP228)
Year 9 (ACMSP282)
Year 10 (ACMSP252)

#

Interactive Graphs

TitleDescriptionAustralian Curriculum Reference

Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101Watch Australia's population projections come to life using Google Motion Charts. Show details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography
Interactive Graphs icon

Animated Historical Population Chart 1788 to 2007Estimated population by States and Territories 1788 to 2007Show details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography

Show details for HistoryHistory
Interactive Graphs icon

Animated Population Pyramid 2012Age structure of estimated resident population of males and females in 2012Show details for MathematicsMathematics

Show details for GeographyGeography
Interactive Graphs icon


View datasets on the web below:


Datasets Pop1, Pop2 and Pop4 are not available to view online as they are too large. To view these datasets, you will need to download the Excel file.

Interactive Graphs icon Pop3: Indigenous population, by State / Territory, 1788 to 2006 (selected years)(a)

Minimum Estimated Indigenous Population
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Australia
1788
48,000
15,000
120,000
15,000
62,000
4,500
50,000
n.a
314,500
1861
16,000
2,384
60,000
9,000
44,500
18
48,500
n.a
180,402
1871
12,000
1,700
50,000
7,500
40,000
85
44,000
n.a
155,285
1881
10,000
1,200
40,000
6,346
35,500
120
38,500
n.a
131,666
1891
8,280
900
32,000
5,600
31,000
139
33,000
n.a
110,919
1901
7,434
850
27,500
4,888
26,500
157
27,235
n.a
94,564
1911
8,650
1,000
24,500
4,692
22,498
230
22,000
18
83,588
1921
9,350
1,400
22,500
4,598
19,547
400
17,809
33
75,604
1933
11,000
2,000
22,500
4,699
17,500
675
15,386
68
73,828
1947
14,500
3,000
27,500
5,600
18,250
1,175
16,875
100
87,000
1954
17,500
3,800
32,000
6,300
20,000
1,525
18,750
173
100,048
1961
21,500
4,650
37,500
7,200
22,500
2,000
22,000
145
117,495
1966
24,500
5,500
41,500
8,100
25,000
2,450
25,000
169
132,219
Enumerated Indigenous Population
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT(b)
Australia(c)
1971
23,873
6,371
31,922
7,299
22,181
671
23,381
255
115,953
1976
40,450
14,760
41,345
10,714
26,126
2,942
23,751
827
160,915
1981
35,367
6,057
44,698
9,825
31,351
2,688
29,088
823
159,897
1986(d)
58,999
12,600
61,250
14,285
37,786
6,716
34,738
1,059
227,593
1991(d)
69,999
16,729
70,102
16,223
41,769
8,882
39,893
1,592
265,371
1996(d)
101,485
21,474
95,518
20,444
50,793
13,873
46,277
2,899
352,970
2001(d)
119,865
25,078
112,772
23,425
58,496
15,773
50,785
3,576
410,003
2006(d)
138,182
30,154
127,644
25,566
58,701
16,663
53,924
3,967
455,028

Notes:
n.a - not applicable

(a) From 1971, the Indigenous population was enumerated through the Census of Population and Housing. This was the first Census after the 1967 Referendum,
which resulted in a change to the Australian Constitution to count Indigenous people as part of the Australian population. The data presented here is split between
estimates (1788 to 1966) and enumerated figures (1971 to 2006) to recognise the change in the scope and method of counting Indigenous Australians over time.
(b) Excludes overseas visitors.
(c) Includes Jervis Bay Territory from 1915 to June quarter 1993. See paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes
(d) Includes Other Territories from September quarter 1993. See paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes.


Pop5: Population(a), by Sex, by Age, 1901 to 2001 (decadal)

Males
1901
1911
1921
1931
1941
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
0-4
219,987
267,411
307,300
312,200
299,900
478,100
573,700
638,941
583,218
652,302
657,499
5-9
231,132
229,586
302,200
323,400
269,200
380,800
535,600
638,899
649,103
652,418
693,790
10-14
218,946
215,804
268,600
309,700
306,100
308,000
521,000
640,774
672,237
638,311
693,083
15-19
189,434
226,831
237,800
311,700
320,600
280,400
416,000
577,771
660,779
698,773
690,668
20-24
174,644
228,179
220,100
290,500
307,300
330,600
360,100
581,547
659,839
707,124
660,776
25-29
163,029
199,922
224,700
266,400
307,500
358,200
341,100
497,534
622,410
702,728
700,910
30-34
156,062
171,119
227,100
243,000
286,400
324,200
386,900
425,822
622,253
713,784
726,919
35-39
152,163
151,872
198,900
234,200
260,400
326,300
394,100
388,710
504,178
664,228
741,434
40-44
126,135
144,867
170,600
228,500
235,600
297,400
343,800
415,976
427,182
655,138
734,436
45-49
88,833
133,079
146,300
195,800
220,900
258,900
335,600
407,574
377,330
526,498
675,055
50-54
66,809
108,132
135,000
161,000
211,500
224,100
292,200
339,272
395,549
433,762
652,540
55-59
52,928
72,058
117,400
129,900
173,500
197,500
237,800
306,569
370,137
367,302
512,888
60-64
46,074
51,416
91,000
113,100
134,100
178,300
190,000
249,170
291,847
366,779
413,982
65-69
38,326
40,227
57,300
91,000
98,400
130,600
149,300
189,631
250,145
320,142
335,590
70-74
25,675
29,063
33,600
61,900
74,700
87,600
117,000
127,045
176,029
228,494
303,554
75-79
12,709
18,831
19,800
30,600
47,800
51,300
69,000
77,825
106,191
158,993
227,356
80-84
5,961
8,808
9,500
13,000
23,100
28,300
33,300
43,819
52,056
84,413
128,250
85 and over
2,192
3,429
4,700
5,300
7,500
13,100
15,800
21,057
27,784
44,220
81,922
Unspecified
7,052
10,756
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Period not indicated
n.a
1,645
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Total
1,978,091
2,313,035
2,771,900
3,321,200
3,584,500
4,253,700
5,312,300
6,567,936
7,448,267
8,615,409
9,630,652
Females
1901
1911
1921
1931
1941
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
0-4
214,754
258,222
296,300
299,300
288,700
456,400
546,400
610,824
556,400
619,401
624,858
5-9
225,849
223,660
295,100
314,400
258,800
365,100
511,600
607,537
620,451
619,790
657,874
10-14
215,206
212,357
262,200
298,900
297,200
297,700
496,700
610,302
644,131
603,308
660,094
15-19
188,681
221,705
232,800
304,700
315,800
268,000
394,300
558,525
636,266
665,301
662,077
20-24
176,349
218,091
230,000
273,200
299,100
311,500
335,000
559,060
642,027
689,640
641,636
25-29
157,515
188,454
237,300
245,200
303,700
337,100
312,100
464,860
607,572
696,935
706,171
30-34
136,009
159,841
221,100
239,200
269,600
314,200
352,300
398,147
604,689
711,951
739,696
35-39
120,547
139,560
191,300
239,300
239,700
314,700
371,700
366,150
484,894
664,159
750,770
40-44
95,055
124,651
161,900
220,800
232,200
273,000
334,400
387,450
406,623
639,133
744,821
45-49
66,176
108,537
137,300
185,500
228,200
235,500
323,600
390,270
358,334
502,647
683,539
50-54
52,263
84,787
120,100
152,900
208,200
223,700
272,100
338,238
379,060
413,172
648,237
55-59
43,366
56,923
100,500
126,700
171,000
211,600
227,000
309,927
370,456
358,648
495,911
60-64
37,224
43,974
78,800
108,800
136,600
186,700
208,500
267,043
321,296
370,089
408,042
65-69
30,094
36,464
50,000
84,600
104,700
144,100
185,600
209,400
286,071
351,248
346,923
70-74
18,301
26,007
32,000
59,600
81,700
105,100
147,500
171,941
225,431
282,261
334,826
75-79
9,739
16,501
20,700
30,600
52,300
65,500
95,700
125,712
154,420
225,502
292,000
80-84
4,961
7,689
10,300
14,600
27,400
38,500
53,500
78,070
102,067
145,415
201,800
85 and over
2,030
3,564
5,500
7,000
10,500
19,600
27,900
45,873
74,805
110,027
183,313
Unspecified
1,862
9,896
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Period not indicated
n.a
1,087
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Total
1,795,981
2,141,970
2,683,200
3,205,300
3,525,400
4,168,000
5,195,900
6,499,329
7,474,993
8,668,627
9,782,588
Persons
1901
1911
1921
1931
1941
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
0-4
434,741
525,633
603,600
611,500
588,600
934,500
1,120,100
1,249,765
1,139,618
1,271,703
1,282,357
5-9
456,981
453,246
597,300
637,800
528,000
745,900
1,047,200
1,246,436
1,269,554
1,272,208
1,351,664
10-14
434,152
428,161
530,800
608,600
603,300
605,700
1,017,700
1,251,076
1,316,368
1,241,619
1,353,177
15-19
378,115
448,536
470,600
616,400
636,400
548,400
810,300
1,136,296
1,297,045
1,364,074
1,352,745
20-24
350,993
446,270
450,100
563,700
606,400
642,100
695,100
1,140,607
1,301,866
1,396,764
1,302,412
25-29
320,544
388,376
462,000
511,600
611,200
695,300
653,200
962,394
1,229,982
1,399,663
1,407,081
30-34
292,071
330,960
448,200
482,200
556,000
638,400
739,200
823,969
1,226,942
1,425,735
1,466,615
35-39
272,710
291,432
390,200
473,500
500,100
641,000
765,800
754,860
989,072
1,328,387
1,492,204
40-44
221,190
269,518
332,500
449,300
467,800
570,400
678,200
803,426
833,805
1,294,271
1,479,257
45-49
155,009
241,616
283,600
381,300
449,100
494,400
659,200
797,844
735,664
1,029,145
1,358,594
50-54
119,072
192,919
255,100
313,900
419,700
447,800
564,300
677,510
774,609
846,934
1,300,777
55-59
96,294
128,981
217,900
256,600
344,500
409,100
464,800
616,496
740,593
725,950
1,008,799
60-64
83,298
95,390
169,800
221,900
270,700
365,000
398,500
516,213
613,143
736,868
822,024
65-69
68,420
76,691
107,300
175,600
203,100
274,700
334,900
399,031
536,216
671,390
682,513
70-74
43,976
55,070
65,600
121,500
156,400
192,700
264,500
298,986
401,460
510,755
638,380
75-79
22,448
35,332
40,500
61,200
100,100
116,800
164,700
203,537
260,611
384,495
519,356
80-84
10,922
16,497
19,800
27,600
50,500
66,800
86,800
121,889
154,123
229,828
330,050
85 and over
4,222
6,993
10,200
12,300
18,000
32,700
43,700
66,930
102,589
154,247
265,235
Unspecified
8,914
20,652
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Period not indicated
n.a
2,732
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
n.a
Total
3,774,072
4,455,005
5,455,100
6,526,500
7,109,900
8,421,700
10,508,200
13,067,265
14,923,260
17,284,036
19,413,240

Notes:
n.a - not applicable

(a) Data for 1901 and 1911 are census counts. Data for 1921 to 1961 (inclusive) are population estimates. Data from 1971 onwards are estimates of the resident population (ERP). Includes Other Territories from 1994 onwards.
See paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes.


Pop6: Indigenous population(a), by Sex, by Age, 1986 to 2006 (selected Census years(b))

Males
Females
Persons
1986
1991
1996
2001
2006
1986
1991
1996
2001
2006
1986
1991
1996
2001
2006
0-4
16,838
21,581
28,263
30,551
32,753
16,177
20,438
27,318
29,653
31,673
33,015
42,019
55,581
60,204
64,426
5-9
15,167
18,860
26,884
32,065
33,335
14,403
18,036
25,479
29,967
31,801
29,570
36,896
52,363
62,032
65,136
10-14
16,058
16,526
23,577
29,152
33,254
15,188
15,657
22,868
27,304
31,433
31,246
32,183
46,445
56,456
64,687
15-19
15,711
16,028
19,141
23,526
28,329
15,091
15,258
18,873
23,053
26,614
30,802
31,286
38,014
46,579
54,943
20-24
13,320
15,456
18,049
18,600
22,657
12,874
14,950
18,588
18,809
22,122
26,194
30,406
36,637
37,409
44,779
25-29
10,798
13,024
16,106
18,069
18,246
10,565
12,779
17,635
19,349
18,620
21,363
25,803
33,741
37,418
36,866
30-34
8,210
10,584
13,749
16,566
17,737
8,219
10,625
15,210
18,296
18,546
16,429
21,209
28,959
34,862
36,283
35-39
6,541
8,391
11,777
14,612
16,624
6,694
8,615
12,881
16,065
18,136
13,235
17,006
24,658
30,677
34,760
40-44
4,779
6,341
9,404
12,471
14,517
5,032
6,692
10,218
13,114
15,734
9,811
13,033
19,622
25,585
30,251
45-49
3,728
4,650
7,406
9,933
12,062
3,978
4,770
7,912
10,425
13,011
7,706
9,420
15,318
20,358
25,073
50-54
2,858
3,514
5,289
7,611
9,616
3,120
3,698
5,451
8,018
10,196
5,978
7,212
10,740
15,629
19,812
55-59
2,304
2,720
3,695
5,089
6,869
2,531
2,952
4,131
5,363
7,554
4,835
5,672
7,826
10,452
14,423
60-64
1,659
2,001
2,794
3,623
4,574
1,952
2,353
3,233
4,185
5,115
3,611
4,354
6,027
7,808
9,689
65-69
1,269
1,382
1,871
2,489
2,901
1,386
1,577
2,400
2,859
3,576
2,655
2,959
4,271
5,348
6,477
70-74
764
850
1,112
1,473
1,861
910
1,017
1,463
1,981
2,430
1,674
1,867
2,575
3,454
4,291
75 and over
868
918
1,351
1,696
1,974
1,160
1,317
1,921
2,553
3,173
2,028
2,235
3,272
4,249
5,147
All ages
120,872
142,826
190,468
227,526
257,309
119,280
140,734
195,581
230,994
259,734
240,152
283,560
386,049
458,520
517,043

Notes:
(a) The term Indigenous is used in this publication to refer to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. All ABS Indigenous population statistics are based on responses to the ABS standard question for Indigenous identification,
which is used in self-enumerated collections. The same census question has been used to determine Indigenous status (but not its component peoples) since the 1981 Census.
(b) Each year based on the respective Census year (ie - 2006 data based on 2006 Census).


Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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