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Indigenous Statistics for Students
 



Image: About Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander statistics ABOUT ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER STATISTICS

Indigenous Census question from 1911 to 1966

The Indigenous identification question used in the Census has changed substantially over the years. Below are the questions asked for each Census from 1911 until 1966 as they appeared on Census forms. In this period the question regarding a person's ancestry was used primarily to exclude Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders from the population count. Following the 1967 referendum Indigenous people were included in official population figures.


1911{If a British Subject by parentage, write P. }
{If a British Subject by Naturalisation, write N. }
{Race:-................................................................................}


1921State if of European race:....................................................


1933Race: For all persons of European race wherever born write "European".
For non-Europeans state the race to which they belong, for example, Aboriginal, Chinese, Hindu, Negro, Afghan, &c. If the person is half-caste with one parent of European race, write also "H.C." for example as" H.C. Aboriginal," "H.C. Chinese" &c. (see instructions also) .....................................................


1947

1954

and 1961
Race: For all persons of European race wherever born write "European".
For non-Europeans state the race to which they belong, for example, Aboriginal, Chinese, Hindu, Negro, Afghan, &c. If the person is half-caste with one parent of European race, write also "H.C." for example as" H.C. Aboriginal," "H.C. Chinese" &c. (see instructions also)...........................................................


1966Race: State each person's race. For persons of European race where born, write 'European". Otherwise state whether Aboriginal, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, etc, as they may be. If of more than one race give particulars, for example, 1/2 European-1/2 Aboriginal, 3/4 Aboriginal-1/4 Chinese, 1/2 European-1/2 Chinese



Over the years 1968 to 1978, a Commonwealth definition of Indigenous was gradually developed to reflect descent, identification and community acceptance rather than race.




Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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