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GeoQ 12 – Population Change: Growth and Decline


Please note: This task can be completed by hand using the diagram provided.
You can download this activity as a Word (.doc) file using the links at the bottom of the page.

TASK:
    1. What is the study of population called?
      2. The diagram below shows the components of population change. Insert the words provided below in the appropriate boxes on the diagram.
    Births / Deaths / Immigration / Emigration


      Populations change through natural increase (difference between births and deaths) and net overseas migration (difference between immigration and emigration). These values may be either positive or negative.

      3. On the diagram above draw a circle around the zone representing natural increase.

      4. For your own State or Territory, where do you expect there to be:

      - Highest natural increase in population
      - Lowest natural increase in population

      5. Data is provided below about natural increase in Local Government Areas in Australia's States and Territories in 2009. Choose a State or Territory.

          a. Mark areas shown in the table below on a map of your chosen State or Territory. Show the highest increases in red and the lowest in yellow.
          b. From your map describe the pattern of natural increase in the State or Territory.
          c. How do communities plan for population increase and decline?
    DATA:

    LGAs with the Highest Natural Increase in Population,
    2009
    LGAs with the Lowest Natural Increase in Population,
    2009
    NEW SOUTH WALES

    153 LGAs

    ERP 7,134,421
    Blacktown (C)
    3,755
    Liverpool (C)
    2,067
    Penrith (C)
    1,963
    Parramatta (C)
    1,702
    Bankstown (C)
    1,676
    Sutherland Shire (A)
    1,647
    Canterbury (C)
    1,642
    Fairfield (C)
    1,555
    Campbelltown (C)
    1,481
    The Hills Shire (A)
    1,323
    Eurobodalla (A)
    -216
    Great Lakes (A)
    -105
    Shoalhaven (C)
    -80
    Port Macquarie-Hastings (A)
    -60
    Nambucca (A)
    -28
    Gloucester (A)
    -14
    Cootamundra (A)
    -9
    Bombala (A)
    -7
    Wakool (A)
    -7
    Corowa Shire (A)
    -6
    VICTORIA

    80 LGAs

    ERP 5,443,228
    Casey (C)
    2,837
    Wyndham (C)
    2,193
    Hume (C)
    2,033
    Brimbank (C)
    1,610
    Melton (S)
    1,558
    Whittlesea (C)
    1,464
    Greater Dandenong (C)
    1,202
    Moreland (C)
    1,138
    Yarra Ranges (S)
    1,114
    Darebin (C)
    1,059
    Mount Alexander (S)
    -45
    Central Goldfields (S)
    -30
    Hindmarsh (S)
    -30
    Ararat (RC)
    -29
    Buloke (S)
    -28
    Queenscliffe (B)
    -26
    Northern Grampians (S)
    -21
    Gannawarra (S)
    -17
    Bass Coast (S)
    -15
    Towong (S)
    -10
    QUEENSLAND

    74 LGAs

    ERP 4,425,103
    Brisbane (C)
    9,283
    Logan (C)
    3,956
    Gold Coast (C)
    3,813
    Moreton Bay (R)
    3,684
    Ipswich (C)
    2,399
    Townsville (C)
    2,031
    Cairns (R)
    1,931
    Sunshine Coast (R)
    1,649
    Toowoomba (R)
    1,243
    Mackay (R)
    1,126
    McKinlay (S)
    -1
    Mapoon (S)
    0
    Wujal Wujal (S)
    0
    Winton (S)
    4
    Bulloo (S)
    5
    Croydon (S)
    5
    Diamantina (S)
    5
    Boulia (S)
    6
    Pormpuraaw (S)
    7
    Richmond (S)
    7
    SOUTH
    AUSTRALIA

    71 LGAs

    ERP 1,623,590
    Salisbury (C)
    1,120
    Onkaparinga (C)
    1,010
    Playford (C)
    861
    Tea Tree Gully (C)
    605
    Port Adelaide Enfield (C)
    489
    Marion (C)
    312
    Charles Sturt (C)
    272
    Mount Barker (DC)
    231
    Mitcham (C)
    211
    Campbelltown (C)
    196
    Holdfast Bay (C)
    -82
    Yorke Peninsula (DC)
    -43
    Victor Harbor (C)
    -38
    Burnside (C)
    -36
    Walkerville (M)
    -31
    Barunga West (DC)
    -21
    Northern Areas (DC)
    -6
    Unley (C)
    -5
    Copper Coast (DC)
    -4
    Flinders Ranges (DC)
    -4
    WESTERN AUSTRALIA

    139 LGAs

    ERP 2,245,057
    Geraldton-Greenough (C)
    1,988
    Serpentine-Jarrahdale (S)
    1,516
    Capel (S)
    1,196
    Williams (S)
    1,157
    Kondinin (S)
    1,145
    Cue (S)
    1,047
    East Pilbara (S)
    998
    Beverley (S)
    569
    Nannup (S)
    565
    Perenjori (S)
    487
    East Fremantle (T)
    -4
    Halls Creek (S)
    -3
    Cottesloe (T)
    -2
    Donnybrook-Balingup (S)
    0
    Carnarvon (S)
    0
    Cambridge (T)
    0
    Mandurah (C)
    0
    Vincent (T)
    0
    Bayswater (C)
    0
    Canning (C)
    0
    TASMANIA

    29 LGAs

    ERP 503,292
    Launceston (C)
    328
    Glenorchy (C)
    259
    Clarence (C)
    253
    Brighton (M)
    250
    Kingborough (M)
    196
    Burnie (C)
    116
    Sorell (M)
    113
    Meander Valley (M)
    92
    Hobart (C)
    85
    Huon Valley (M)
    76
    Glamorgan/Spring Bay (M)
    -4
    King Island (M)
    -3
    Break O'Day (M)
    -1
    Tasman (M)
    4
    Flinders (M)
    7
    Central Highlands (M)
    12
    Waratah/Wynyard (M)
    16
    Dorset (M)
    26
    Northern Midlands (M)
    31
    Latrobe (M)
    45
    NORTHERN
    TERRITORY

    17 LGAs

    ERP 225,938
    Darwin (C)
    790
    Palmerston (C)
    485
    Alice Springs (T)
    378
    Litchfield (S)
    200
    Katherine (T)
    165
    East Arnhem (S)
    143
    Unincorporated NT
    140
    Roper Gulf (S)
    109
    Victoria-Daly (S)
    107
    Wagait (S)
    0
    Belyuen (S)
    3
    Coomalie (S)
    8
    Tiwi Islands (S)
    39
    Central Desert (S)
    59
    MacDonnell (S)
    71
    Barkly (S)
    93
    West Arnhem (S)
    97
    ACT
    No data provided
    Source: Births cat. no.3301.0, 2009 and Deaths cat. no.3302.0, 2009 available at www.abs.gov.au
    Areas (A), Aboriginal Councils (AC), Boroughs (B), Cities (C), District Councils (DC), Estimated Resident Population (ERP), Local Government Area (LGA), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), Regional Councils (R), Rural Cities (RC), Regional Councils (RegC), Shires (S), Towns (T)

    Download:

    12QuickGeog_Population Change.rtf12QuickGeog_Population Change.rtf


    Commonwealth of Australia 2008

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