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8221.6 - Manufacturing Industry, Tasmania, 1999-2000  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/12/2001   
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ANNUAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY COLLECTION

The 1999-2000 collection was conducted as a sample survey of approximately 17,000 manufacturing establishments nationally, which were requested to provide data on employment, wages and salaries, turnover, purchases and whether their products were exported. A sub-sample of approximately 7,000 establishments was also asked to provide detailed structural and performance data, and value of sales for commodities produced.


ABOUT THIS ISSUE

The 1999-2000 series of these publications, Manufacturing Industry, Australia (Cat. no. 8221.0) and Manufacturing Industry, [State], (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6) will be the last that present data for manufacturing establishments. Future manufacturing collections will no longer collect data from manufacturing establishments. Starting with the 2000-01 manufacturing collection, data will be sought from a sample of approximately 9,000 manufacturing businesses nationally. For more details, see the Appendix.

The ABS continues to use Australian Taxation Office (ATO) information on group employer (GE) registrations to delete from the ABS business register those businesses which have ceased trading or are no longer employing staff. The ABS has for some time used GE information to add new businesses to the business register; however, GE information to delete businesses from the business register was first used for the1998-99 collection. For more details, see paragraphs 12-14 of the Explanatory Notes.


REGIONAL DATA

For information about the availability of sub-State estimates from the 1999-2000 collection, see paragraph 26 of the Explanatory Notes.


DATA TO BE RELEASED IN OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Detailed manufacturing industry statistics for each State have been released progressively in a series of publications, Manufacturing Industry, [State], 1999-2000 (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6). The publication for New South Wales (Cat. no. 8221.1) also contains selected data for the Australian Capital Territory.

Management unit data and a wide range of manufacturing related ABS data, as well as data from other sources, will be presented in the compendium publication Manufacturing, Australia, 2001 (Cat. no. 8225.0), to be released in February 2002. Management unit data at the total manufacturing level are also included in Business Operations and Industry Performance, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8140.0).


MAIN FEATURES


OVERVIEW

Turnover for the year 1999-2000 by manufacturing establishments operating in Tasmania was $5,490m, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $1,769m. For turnover, this represents a 4.3% increase in current price terms from the $5,264m recorded for 1998-99. These manufacturing establishments employed 20,200 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $745m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000.

The percentage of Australian manufacturing employment in Tasmania at the end of June 2000 was 2.2%, which is the same percentage recorded at the end of June 1999. The Tasmanian industry subdivisions which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 at the industry subdivision level were Wood and paper product manufacturing (5.7%) and Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (3.3%).

The percentage contribution by Tasmania to total Australian manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 was 2.4% and 2.6% respectively. This represents the same percentage contribution as in 1998-99 for turnover and an increase of 0.1 percentage points for IVA. The Tasmanian industry subdivision which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 at the industry subdivision level was once again Wood and paper product manufacturing (9.3% and 8.6% respectively). This industry subdivision also contributed 22.6% to total manufacturing IVA in Tasmania, which is the highest percentage contribution by this subdivision to any State's/Territory's total manufacturing IVA. The next highest percentage contribution by this industry subdivision to total manufacturing IVA for a State/Territory was for Queensland (at 7.7%).


INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

IVA for 1999-2000 was $1,769m. The industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to total manufacturing IVA and the most notable industry classes or groups (where publishable) within those subdivisions (as a percentage of Tasmania's total manufacturing IVA) were:

  • Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (30.2%), where the industry groups Other food manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 217 at 14.8%) and Dairy product manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 212 at 4.3%) made substantial contributions.
  • Wood and paper product manufacturing (22.6%), where the only industry group available for publication, Log sawmilling and timber dressing (ANZSIC Group 231 at 11.2%) was the most substantial.
  • Metal product manufacturing (15.4%), where the industry class Copper, silver, lead and zinc smelting, refining (ANZSIC Class 2723 at 7.3%) was the most substantial. This industry class increased its proportion of Tasmanian IVA from 4.0% for 1998-99.
  • Machinery and equipment manufacturing (11.0%), where the industry group Industrial machinery and equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 286 at 3.0%) made a substantial contribution.

Graph - Distribution of IVA and employment across industries


Industry groups making a notable contribution to industry value added and not included in the subdivisions listed above included Cement, lime, plaster and concrete product manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 263 at 5.9%), Other chemical product manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 254 at 3.4%) and Publishing (ANZSIC Group 242 at 3.2%).

The Tasmanian manufacturing industry subdivision in 1999-2000 with the highest IVA per person employed was Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing at $172,600 per person employed, followed by Wood and paper product manufacturing at $109,600 per person employed, the same order as in 1998-99 and 1997-98.


EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES

The Tasmanian manufacturing industry employed 20,200 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $745m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000. This represents an average of $36,900 paid in annual wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June 2000, an increase of 1.2% on the $36,500 recorded twelve months earlier. (Readers should note that the employment figure in this average measures the number of persons employed at the end of June and includes working proprietors. The wages and salaries figure excludes the drawings of working proprietors.)

Graph - Employment, end of June from 1995 to 2000



Tasmanian manufacturing employment increased marginally from June 1995 (22,400 persons) to June 1996 (22,500 persons). Since June 1996, employment in the Tasmanian manufacturing industry decreased each year to June 1999 (20,100 persons) then increased slightly to June 2000 (20,200 persons). Over the five years from June 1995 to June 2000, employment fell by 10.0% or 2,300 persons.

Between June 1999 and June 2000, employment increased in four of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions, remained steady in three and decreased in the other two. The industry subdivisions with the largest absolute increases were Wood and paper product manufacturing (up 400 persons or 11.0%) and Machinery and equipment manufacturing (up 200 persons or 6.9%). The largest decrease in both percentage and absolute terms was recorded by Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (down 500 persons or 8.8%).

Average wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June rose in five industry subdivisions and fell in the other four between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

The industry subdivision to record the largest percentage and dollar increases, by far, in wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June was Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up 14.2% or $4,300 - from $30,400 to $34,700), where 7 (out of 8) industry groups recorded an increase. This increase was the result of wages and salaries increasing by 4.2% or $8m and employment decreasing by 8.8% or 500 persons from June 1999 to June 2000.

Other industry subdivisions to record an increase in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:
  • Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (up 3.0% - from $29,900 to $30,800), where 4 (out of 6) industry groups recorded an increase.
  • Other manufacturing (up 3.0% - from $20,900 to $21,500), where 2 (out of 3) industry groups recorded an increase.
  • Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (up 2.5% - from $40,300 to $41,300) where 3 (out of 4) industry groups recorded an increase.
  • Metal product manufacturing (up 1.7% - from $42,900 to $43,600), where 4 (out of 6) industry groups recorded an increase.

The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage and dollar decreases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 in wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June were Wood and paper product manufacturing (down 12.5% or $5,700 - from $45,300 to $39,600), where 2 (out of 3) industry groups recorded a decrease, and Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (down 9.3% or $3,800 - from $41,200 to $37,300), where all four industry groups recorded a decrease.


TURNOVER

Turnover rose, in current price terms, by $227m to $5,490m for 1999-2000. This represents a 4.3% increase on the $5,264m recorded for 1998-99.

Seven of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded an increase in turnover between 1998-99 and 1999-2000, while the other two recorded a decrease. Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing remained the largest contributor to total manufacturing turnover in 1999-2000, again followed by Wood and paper product manufacturing and Metal product manufacturing. Other manufacturing and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing recorded the largest increases in percentage terms (up 18.7% and 10.6% respectively). Wood and paper product manufacturing recorded the largest increase in dollar terms (up $107m or 9.2%). The two industry subdivisions to record a decrease in turnover were Machinery and equipment manufacturing (down 6.5% or $33m) and Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (down 3.0% or $8m).


EXPORTS

Graph - Exports as a proportion of goods produced



For 1999-2000, Tasmanian manufacturers directly exported $1,779m of the goods that they produced. This represents a 13.4% increase on the $1,569m recorded for 1998-99. Exports as a proportion of the total sales and transfers out of goods produced rose from 24.5% for 1994-95 to 34.0% for 1999-2000. The proportion of exports decreased by 0.1 percentage points between 1995-96 (28.6%) and 1996-97 (28.5%), increased in 1997-98 (32.0%) and fell slightly in 1998-99 (31.8%), before increasing to a series high of 34.0% for 1999-2000.

In 1999-2000, Tasmanian manufacturers again directly exported a higher percentage of goods than those in any other State. This has been the case every year since the series began in 1994-95.

Manufacturers' direct exports increased in seven out of the nine industry subdivisions and decreased in the other two between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. The industry subdivision to record the largest dollar increase in direct exports was Metal product manufacturing (up $128m or 21.1% - from $605m to $732m). The largest percentage and dollar decrease in direct exports was recorded by Machinery and equipment manufacturing (down $45m or 14.4% - from $313m to $268m) (this subdivision, however, recorded the largest dollar increase in direct exports in 1998-99).

Direct exports by establishments employing 100 or more persons increased by $261m (or 23.5%) between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. However, manufacturer's direct exports increased overall by only $211m (or 13.4%), because direct exports decreased for both establishments employing 0 to 49 persons (down $45m or 21.4%) and those employing 50 to 99 persons (down $5m or 2.2%).

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