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NEW SOUTH WALES AND JERVIS BAY TERRITORY
Among most of the NSW Statistical Subdivisions (SSDs), both the unemployment rate and full-time employment rate was lower in 2001 than in 1996. The lower unemployment is associated with increased part-time employment.
The only SSDs to experience an increase in the proportion of full-time workers were Murray - Darling (to 64.7% in 2001 from 61.8% in 1996), Inner Sydney (to 67.1% from 65.9%) and Macquarie - Barwon (to 59.6% from 58.9%). The Murray - Darling SSD also experienced the only decrease in the proportion of part-time workers (to 26.5% from 26.8%).
The SSDs which recorded the largest decreases in the proportion of full-time workers since 1996 were Central Tablelands (to 59.3% from 63.4%) and Far West (to 53.9% from 58.0%). These SSD also recorded some of the largest increases in part-time workers (Central Tablelands (to 29.4% from 25.1%) and Far West (to 30.9% from 26.3%)). The Off-Shore Areas & Migratory SSD and the Jervis Bay Territory also recorded large decreases in full-time workers and large increases in part-time workers, but were the only SSDs to experience a rise in the unemployment rate.
In 2001, the highest proportions of full-time workers, as a proportion of persons in the labour force, were recorded in the Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) of Sydney - Inner (77.3%), Windouran (75.2%) and Unincorp. Far West (75.0%). The SLA of Off-Shore Areas & Migratory also recorded 84.4%.
The highest concentrations of part-time workers, as proportions of persons in the labour force, were recorded in the SLAs of Lord Howe Island (46.4%), Byron (40.1%), Eurobodalla (37.9%), Great Lakes and Coffs Harbour - Pt B (both 37.1%).
In 2001, the largest occupation groups were Professionals (526,101 persons or 19.1%), Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers (453,866 persons or 16.5%), Tradespersons and Related Workers (327,996 persons or 11.9%), Associate Professionals (319,470 persons or 11.6%), and Managers and Administrators (259,687 persons or 9.4%). These proportions are similar to 1996.
Within the Sydney SLAs, the highest proportions of persons employed as Professionals were recorded in North Sydney (37.7%), Woollahra (36.1%), Leichhardt (36.0%), Ku-ring-gai and Lane Cove (both 35.4%). Outside Sydney, the SLAs of Newcastle - Inner (36.9%), Yarrowlumla - Pt B (29.1%), Yarrowlumla - Pt A (24.6%), Kiama (24.1%) and Armidale Dumaresq - City (23.9%) also held high proportions of persons employed as Professionals.
High proportions of persons employed as Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers were recorded in the metropolitan SLAs of Campbelltown (21.1%), Penrith (20.7%), Blacktown - South-West (20.6%), Blacktown - South-East (20.4%) and Blacktown - North (20.3%). Outside Sydney the highest proportions were in the SLAs of Grafton (19.7%) and Queanbeyan (18.8%).
The highest proportions of persons employed as Tradespersons and Related Workers were recorded in SLAs outside Sydney, notably Singleton (20.3%), Cobar (18.1%) and Port Stephens (17.8%), Hawkesbury (17.0%) and Wollondilly (16.8%) had the highest proportions within Sydney. The Off-Shore Areas & Migratory recorded SLA 32.2%.
The SLAs of Lord Howe Island (19.0%), Snowy River (17.9%), Sydney - Inner (17.4%) and Woollahra (16.0%) recorded the highest proportions of persons working as Associate Professionals. Off-Shore Areas & Migratory recorded 21.2%.
High proportions of persons employed as Managers and Administrators were recorded outside Sydney in the SLAs of Conargo (56.6%), Windouran (51.7%), Severn (44.7%), Jerilderie (43.2%) and Unincorp. Far West (40.6%). Within the metropolitan area, high proportions were recorded in the SLAs of Sydney - Inner (24.8%), Hunter's Hill (19.0%) and Mosman (18.9%).
In 2001, the four largest industries of employment in NSW were Retail Trade (390,914 persons or 14.2%), Property and Business Services (334,299 persons or 12.2%), Manufacturing (316,113 persons or 11.5%) and Health and Community Services (258,522 persons or 9.4%). These industries were also the top four industries in NSW in 1996.
Since 1996 there has been an increase in the proportions of persons working in Property and Business Services (to 12.2% from 10.6%) and Retail Trade (to 14.2% from 13.3%), while there was a decline in the proportion of persons working in Manufacturing (to 11.5% from 12.2%) and Wholesale Trade (to 5.6% from 6.3%).
At the SLA level, the highest proportions of persons employed in Retail Trade were recorded in Eurobodalla (20.8%), Lismore Pt A (20.7%), Coffs Harbour - Pt A (20.4%), Hastings - Pt A (20.3%) and Invernell - Pt B (20.1%), all outside Sydney. Within Sydney, the highest proportions were recorded in the SLAs of Wyong (18.5%), Gosford (16.2%), Penrith (16.0), Campbelltown (15.3%) and Camden (15.1%).
The highest proportions of persons employed in Property and Business Services were recorded in the metropolitan SLAs of North Sydney (30.6%), Mosman (28.8%), Sydney - Inner (28.1%), Woollahra (26.0%) and Willoughby (24.9%). In the rest of the State, the highest proportions were recorded in Yarrowlumla - Pt B (16.2%), Newcastle - Inner (14.7%) and Yarrowlumla - Pt A (13.6%).
Manufacturing recorded high proportions of employed persons both in metropolitan and regional SLAs, notably Fairfield (23.6%), Blacktown - South-West (20.1%) and Liverpool (19.1%) in Sydney, and Oberon (22.6%), Blayney - Pt A (19.5%) and Corowa (19.4%) outside Sydney.
The highest proportions of persons employed in Health and Community Services were noted in the regional SLAs of Lismore - Pt A (15.0%), Broken Hill (14.8%), Newcastle - Inner (14.4%), Goulburn (14.2%) and Lismore - Pt B (14.1%). Within Sydney, notable SLAs were Strathfield (13.6%), Blue Mountains (13.0%) and Hunter's Hill (12.3%).
The number of unemployed persons decreased by 13.9% to 213,196 in 2001 from 247,669 in 1996. The unemployment rate fell to 7.2% in 2001 from 8.8% in 1996. The unemployment rate was 7.4% for Australia in 2001.
While the number of unemployed persons looking for full-time work fell by 21.5% (to 152,074 in 2001 from 193,759 in 1996), those unemployed persons looking for part-time work increased by 13.4% (to 61,122 in 2001 from 53,910 in 1996).
At the SSD level, the largest declines in the unemployment rates between 1996 and 2001 were recorded in Port Macquarie (to 10.2% from 15.0%), Tweed Heads (to 12.2% from 15.9%), Illawarra SD Bal (to 8.6% from 12.2%) and Macquarie-Barwon (to 10.1% from 13.5%).
In 2001, SLAs with the highest unemployment rate in Sydney were Fairfield (14.1%), Auburn (13.0%) and Blacktown - South-West (11.3%). Outside Sydney, Pristine Waters - Ulmarra (19.7%), Nambucca (18.3%) and Kempsey (16.5%) recorded the highest unemployment rates.
For those aged 15-24 years, the unemployment rate fell to 13.3% in 2001 from 14.9% in 1996. This compares with a decline to 13.8% from 15.7% for Australia.
The highest youth unemployment rates in NSW were recorded outside Sydney in the SLAs of Manilla (35.9%), Pristine Waters - Ulmarra (33.6%), Coffs Harbour - Pt B (29.2%) and Nambucca (29.1%). Within Sydney, the highest youth unemployment rates were recorded in Blacktown - South-West (19.2%), Auburn (17.6%) and Wyong (17.4%).
Level of Education
In 2001, there were 1,809,468 persons with a qualification, accounting for 36.2% of all persons aged 15 years and over. Between 1996 and 2001 this proportion rose from 31.5% (an increase of 324,072 persons). This compares with a rise to 34.7% from 30.0% for Australia.
Of those with a qualification, close to half (819,902 persons or 45.3%) held a Certificate, 28.0% (506,806 persons) held a Bachelor Degree, 17.3% (312,187 persons) held an Advanced Diploma and Diploma, and 9.4% (170,573 persons) held a Postgraduate Degree or Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate as their highest qualification.
High proportions of persons with a Bachelor Degree or higher as their highest level of qualification were recorded in both metropolitan and regional SLAs. North Sydney (28.5%), Mosman (27.2%), Woollahra (25.8%), Ku-ring-gai (24.6%) and Lane Cove (24.2%) were the highest within Sydney. Outside Sydney, the highest proportions were recorded in Yarrowlumla - Pt B (32.2%), Newcastle - Inner (25.6%), Yarrowlumla - Pt A (23.0%), Armidale Dumaresq Bal (20.7%) and Snowy River (18.7%).
Of persons aged 15 years and over, high proportions with an Advanced Diploma and Diploma were dispersed throughout the State. The SLAs of Manly and Ku-ring-gai (both 10.0%), Mosman (9.9%), North Sydney (9.7%) and Pittwater (9.5%) within Sydney, and Lord Howe Island (10.1%) and Cabonne - Pt A (9.5%) outside Sydney, noted the highest proportions of persons with this qualification as their highest level. The Jervis Bay Territory (10.1%) and the Off-Shore Areas & Migratory SLA (9.6%) also had high proportions of persons with an Advanced Diploma and Diploma.
Concentrations of persons with a Certificate as their highest level of qualification were registered in SLAs outside Sydney, including Cabonne (23.7%) and Lord Howe Island (22.6%). In Sydney the highest proportions were in the SLAs of Sutherland Shire - West (22.7%) and Wollondilly (22.2%). Again, Off-Shore Areas and Migratory (24.3%) recorded a high proportion.
Field of Study
Of all persons aged 15 years and over with a qualification, qualifications were most commonly held in the fields of Management and Commerce (432,107 persons or 17.8%), Engineering and Related Technologies (431,047 persons or 17.8%), Health (195,007 persons or 8.0%), and Education (166,276 persons or 6.9%). Other, which includes Society and Culture, Creative Arts, Food, Hospitality and Personal Services, and Mixed Programmes (397,923 persons or 16.4%) also recorded a high proportion.
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