Training Expenditure and Practices Survey
Senior Project Officer
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Perth
Telephone (08) 9360 5374
Facsimile (08) 9360 5952
The Training Expenditure and Practices Survey providesd national estimates of employers' structured and unstructured training practices, and expenditure on structured training during the financial year ended June 2002. The survey focuses on structured training provided to employees, although some data is available for workers other than employees. Characteristics of employees and employers are also available.
Structured training is defined as all training activities which have a specified content or predetermined plan, designed to develop employment related skills and competencies. While unstructured training comprises all training activities which do not have a specified content or predetermined plan.
The survey covered employers in all states and territories and in all industries except those primarily engaged in agriculture, forestry, and fishing; private households employing staff;, overseas embassies, consulates, etc.; and the Australian permanent defence forces.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2003, Employer Training Expenditure and Practices, Australia, 2001-02 (cat. no. 6362.0), ABS, Canberra.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 1998, Employer Training Practices, Australia, 1997 (cat. no. 6356.0), ABS, Canberra.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 1997, Employer Training Expenditure, Australia, July to September 1996 (cat. no. 6353.0), ABS, Canberra.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 1989, Information Paper: Development of the Employer Training Expenditure Survey (cat. no. 6355.0), ABS, Canberra.
A range of unpublished data is available on request and can be produced as customised reports in a variety of formats.
Results of the 2001-02 Training Expenditure and Practices Survey were released in April 2003.
Characteristics of Eemployees
Number of employees 2001-02 financial year
Number of employees 2000-01 financial year
Type of employee (permanent/non-permanent)
Employment status (full-time/part-time)
Number of dedicated trainers (full-time/part-time)
Gross wages and salaries of employees
Gross wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Structured Training of Employees
Support for structured training
Structured training arrangements
Use of electronic learning arrangements
Change in use of electronic learning arrangements
Factors constraining the use of electronic learning arrangements
Types of structured training
Participation in structured training
Change in participation in structured training
Participation in nationally recognised training
Change in participation in nationally recognised training
Methods used to determine structured requirements
Method of determining structured training requirements with greatest effect
Who determined structured training requirements
Types of external training providers used
External training provider used most often
Reasons for using external training provider most often
Reasons for providing structured training
Change in amount of structured training
Factors increasing the amount of structured training
Factors causing greatest increase in amount of structured training
Factors constraining the amount of structured training
Factor most constraining the amount of structured training
Unstructured Training of Employees
Unstructured training arrangements
Proportion of total training provided using unstructured training arrangements
Reasons No Training Provided
Reasons no training provided
Workers Other Than Employees
Types of other workers used
Proportion of total workforce who were other workers
Provision of structured or unstructured training to other workers
Participation in structured training by other workers
Types of support for structured training for other workers
Structured training arrangements for other workers
Expenditure on Structured Training
Gross direct expenditure on structured training, excluding wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Gross direct expenditure on structured training, including wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Subsidies and/or grants received for the structured training of own employees
Payments received from attendees at internal training courses who were not employees
Net direct expenditure on structured training
Net direct training expenditure as a proportion of gross wages and salaries
Net direct training expenditure per employee
Business with a budget allocation for training
Registered training organisation status
Years of operation
Data are available for Australia, and each sState and tTerritory.
METHOD OF COLLECTION
This survey of employers was conducted by mail in July 2002. An initial sample of approximately 7,100 employers was selected from the ABS Business Register and stratified by state or territory, sector, industry and employment size. A small number of strata were completely enumerated, and for the remaining strata a simple random sample was selected from each stratum. Responses were received from 92.8% of the in-scope sampled units, resulting in a final sample size of 5,889.
TIMING OF COLLECTION
The financial year ended June 2002.
Frequency of Collection
The 2001-02 Training Expenditure and Practices Survey combines the previous Training Practices Survey and the Training Expenditure Survey. Previous Training Practices Surveys were conducted in 1997 and 1994 while the Training Expenditure Surveys were conducted in 1996, 1993, 1990 and 1989.
The results of the 2001-02 survey are not fully comparable with previous training surveys. The main differences are:
- in the 1996 Training Expenditure Survey (TES) training expenditure was collected from employers that provided or supported structured training, while in 2001-02 it was collected from all in-scope employers;
- training costs of persons who contributed to the productive work of a business but who were not employees were included in 2001-02;
- training expenditure in 2001-02 includes wages and salaries of employees whose main job involved training other employees, but not those of other employees involved in training provision; and
- the reference period for the 2001-02 was the year ended 30 June, while previously for the TES it was the September quarter and for the Training Practices Survey it was the year ended 28 February.
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