Training Expenditure and Practices Survey
Earnings Surveys Section
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Perth
Telephone (08) 9360 5374
The Training Expenditure and Practices Survey provided national estimates of employers' structured and unstructured training practices, and expenditure on structured training during the financial year ended June 2002. The survey focused on structured training provided to employees, although some data are available for workers other than employees. Structured training was defined as all training activities which had a specified content or predetermined plan, designed to develop employment related skills and competencies. Unstructured training comprised all training activities which did not have a specified content or predetermined plan. Characteristics of employees and employers are also available.
The survey covered employers in all states and territories and in all industries except those primarily engaged in agriculture, forestry, and fishing; private households employing staff; overseas embassies, consulates, etc.; and the Australian permanent defence forces.
The financial year ended June 2002.
Frequency of Collection
Method of collection
An initial sample of approximately 7,100 employers was selected from the ABS Business Register and stratified by state or territory, sector, industry and employment size. Responses to the survey conducted by mail in 2002, were received from 92.8% of the in-scope sampled units, resulting in a final sample size of 5,889 employers. A small number of strata were completely enumerated, and for the remaining strata a simple random sample was selected from each stratum.
Results of the 2001-02 Training Expenditure and Practices Survey were released in April 2003.
Employer Training Expenditure and Practices, Australia, 2001-02 (ABS cat. no. 6362.0)
Data are available for Australia, and each state and territory.
A range of unpublished data are available on request. This is a charged service.
Characteristics of Employees
Number of employees 2001-02 financial year
Number of employees 2000-01 financial year
Type of employee (permanent/non-permanent)
Employment status (full-time/part-time)
Number of dedicated trainers (full-time/part-time)
Gross wages and salaries of employees
Gross wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Structured Training of Employees
Support for structured training
Structured training arrangements
Use of electronic learning arrangements
Change in use of electronic learning arrangements
Factors constraining the use of electronic learning arrangements
Types of structured training
Participation in structured training
Change in participation in structured training
Participation in nationally recognised training
Change in participation in nationally recognised training
Methods used to determine structured requirements
Method of determining structured training requirements with greatest effect
Who determined structured training requirements
Types of external training providers used
External training provider used most often
Reasons for using external training provider most often
Reasons for providing structured training
Change in amount of structured training
Factors increasing the amount of structured training
Factors causing greatest increase in amount of structured training
Factors constraining the amount of structured training
Factor most constraining the amount of structured training
Unstructured Training of Employees
Unstructured training arrangements
Proportion of total training provided using unstructured training arrangements
Reasons No Training Provided
Reasons no training provided
Workers Other Than Employees
Types of other workers used
Proportion of total workforce who were other workers
Provision of structured or unstructured training to other workers
Participation in structured training by other workers
Types of support for structured training for other workers
Structured training arrangements for other workers
Expenditure on Structured Training
Gross direct expenditure on structured training, excluding wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Gross direct expenditure on structured training, including wages and salaries of dedicated trainers
Subsidies and/or grants received for the structured training of own employees
Payments received from attendees at internal training courses who were not employees
Net direct expenditure on structured training
Net direct training expenditure as a proportion of gross wages and salaries
Net direct training expenditure per employee
Business with a budget allocation for training
Registered training organisation status
Years of operation
The 2001-02 Training Expenditure and Practices Survey combined the previous Training Practices Survey (TPS) and the Training Expenditure Survey (TES). There were previous TPSs conducted in 1997 and 1994, while TESs were conducted in 1996, 1993, 1990 and 1989.
The results of the 2001-02 survey are not fully comparable with previous training surveys. The main differences are:
- in the 1996 TES, training expenditure was collected from employers that provided or supported structured training, while in 2001-02 it was collected from all in-scope employers;
- training costs of persons who contributed to the productive work of a business but who were not employees were included in 2001-02;
- training expenditure in 2001-02 includes wages and salaries of employees whose main job involved training other employees, but not those of other employees involved in training provision; and
- the reference period for the 2001-02 survey was the year ended 30 June, while previously for the TES it was the September quarter and for the TPS it was the year ended 28 February.