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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/02/2004   
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Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

Production of selected manufactured commodities

Table 18.22 shows the production of selected manufactured commodities for the period 1998-99 to 2001-02.

Volumes of unfortified wine, which includes red, white and rose wines, increased every year and was 49% higher in 2001-02 compared to volumes produced in 1998-99. Beer production, on the other hand, has remained at approximately the same level over the same period. Similarly, production of red meat has remained steady throughout the period while production of chicken meat has increased each year to be 18% higher in 2001-02 than in 1998-99. Tobacco and cigarette production trended down over the period, and was 13% lower in 2001-02 than production levels in 1998-99.

The major textiles commodities have for the most part decreased over the period, with production levels of cotton yarns in 2001-02 nearly 40% lower than in 1998-99. Production of wool and man-made fibre tops fell back to around 1998-99 levels in 2001-02, which were 12% lower than the high achieved in 2000-01.

Production of hardwood woodchips rose by 27% in 1999-2000 and by a further 4% in 2000-01 before falling by 8% in 2001-02. Production in 2001-02 was 22% higher than in 1998-99. Production of selected building materials, including ready mixed concrete, fluctuated over the 1998-99 to 2001-02 period, with 2000-01 being a year where production of all selected building materials fell from the 1999-2000 high, and 2001-02 seeing production levels rising again.

18.22 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

Units
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
Percentage change from 1998-99 to 2001-02

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than 10 persons
no.
340,446
314,475
340,099
318,951
-6.3
Semi-trailers
no.
3,966
3,934
3,755
4,053
2.2
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy
'000 L
787
676
640
417
-47.0
Grape spirit
'000 L
5,443
6,106
4,456
6,731
23.7
Unfortified wine
'000 L
771,957
779,149
1,016,306
1,150,854
49.1
Red meat
’000 t
3,009
3,031
3,171
3,067
1.9
Chicken meat
’000 t
564
598
619
667
18.3
Milk
ML
10,178
10,847
10,545
11,271
10.7
Cheese
’000 t
320
369
361
413
29.1
Butter
’000 t
176
170
160
164
-6.8
Beer
ML
1,738
1,768
1,745
1,744
0.3
Tobacco and cigarettes
t
21,045
20,688
19,125
18,367
-12.7
Sugar
kt
4,998
5,448
4,162
4,610
-7.8
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool
t
129,753
118,558
124,679
99,924
-23.0
Wool and man-made fibre tops
t
53,162
55,335
61,315
53,828
1.3
Wool yarns
t
17,668
19,020
14,894
15,815
-10.5
Cotton yarns
t
55,824
47,230
39,305
33,780
-39.5
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasoline
ML
18,705
18,652
17,887
18,000
-3.8
Fuel oil
ML
1,634
1,839
1,951
1,684
3.1
Aviation turbine fuel
ML
5,218
5,539
5,836
5,390
3.3
Automotive diesel oil
ML
12,968
12,737
13,212
13,065
0.7
Alumina
’000 t
14,208
15,037
16,099
16,417
15.5
Pig iron
kt
7,453
6,489
6,096
6,062
-18.7
Raw steel
kt
8,549
8,053
8,003
8,311
-2.8
Selected paper and wood products
Newsprint
’000 t
399
381
392
398
-0.3
Wood pulp
’000 t
871
861
895
843
-3.2
Undressed sawn timber
’000 m3
3,613
3,983
3,523
4,120
14.0
Hardwood woodchips
’000 t
4,856
6,164
6,402
5,912
21.7
Selected building materials
Portland cement
’000 t
7,705
7,937
6,820
7,236
-6.1
Clay bricks
m
1,593
1,736
1,448
1,514
-5.0
Ready mixed concrete
’000 m3
18,600
20,634
17,250
19,447
4.6

Source: Australian Wine and Grape Industry (1329.0); Manufacturing Production, Australia (8301.0); ABARE, 'Australian Commodity Statistics, 2002'.

International trade in manufactured commodities

Principal commodities exported

Table 18.23 shows the value of the top 20 manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, in the period 1998-99 to 2002-03. During the period exports of manufactured commodities grew in value by 26%, despite falling by 5% in 2002-03 from the value of manufacturing exports in 2001-02. Manufactured commodities made up 57% of the value of all exports in 2002-03, down from 61% in 1998-99.

In 2002-03, four manufacturing commodities contributed 24% of the total value of exports - petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (7.2%); non-ferrous metals (6.8%); meat and meat preparations (4.9%); and non-monetary gold (4.8%). Another large value commodity, road vehicles, which made up 2.4% of total exports in 1998-99 had doubled in value of export earnings to $4.2b in 2002-03 and represented 3.6% of the total value of Australian exports.

The value of exports of cereals and cereal preparations fell by 31% in 2002-03 from 2001-02, reflecting a reduction in raw materials available because of the drought being experienced throughout Australia. Reductions in the value of exports of dairy products and birds' eggs (by 25%), and meat and meat preparations (by 10%) were also recorded during the period.

18.23 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
Change from 1998-99 to 2002-03
Change from 2001-02 to 2002-03
Share of total exports
2002-03
Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Meat and meat preparations
4,007
4,467
5,796
6,249
5,645
40.9
-9.7
4.9
Dairy products and birds' eggs
2,226
2,383
2,971
3,156
2,371
6.5
-24.9
2.1
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1,221
1,538
1,718
1,663
1,485
21.6
-10.7
1.3
Cereals and cereal preparations
5,001
4,940
5,936
6,482
4,486
-10.3
-30.8
3.9
Beverages
1,176
1,515
1,931
2,287
2,601
121.1
13.7
2.3
Cork and wood
686
777
886
882
994
45.0
12.7
0.9
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)
4,076
4,299
5,600
4,983
4,487
10.1
-9.9
3.9
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
3,131
7,145
10,858
8,369
8,348
166.6
-0.2
7.2
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
1,333
1,715
2,230
2,262
2,004
50.3
-11.4
1.7
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
735
966
1,025
956
884
20.3
-7.5
0.8
Non-ferrous metals
5,438
7,395
9,404
8,854
7,877
44.8
-11.0
6.8
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1,382
1,112
1,344
1,398
1,263
-8.6
-9.6
1.1
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
1,032
1,040
1,221
1,290
1,303
26.3
1.0
1.1
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1,459
1,312
1,564
1,657
1,480
1.4
-10.7
1.3
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
741
1,183
1,454
1,083
808
8.9
-25.5
0.7
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip.)
1,273
1,322
1,720
1,680
1,667
31.0
-0.8
1.4
Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
2,091
2,808
3,840
4,293
4,184
100.0
-2.5
3.6
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
1,403
1,672
1,200
1,860
2,011
43.4
8.2
1.7
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
931
1,061
1,254
1,344
1,238
32.9
-7.9
1.1
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
6,335
5,031
5,110
5,129
5,584
-11.9
8.9
4.8

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.

Principal commodities imported

Table 18.24 shows the value of the top 20 manufactured commodities imported into Australia, in the period 1998-99 to 2002-03. During the period imports of manufactured commodities grew in value by 33%. Manufactured commodities made up 92% of the value of all imports in 2002-03, down from 95% in 1998-99.

The major commodity imported into Australia during the period was road vehicles, which represented 12.6% of the total value of imports in 2002-03. Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials made up 7.9% of imports in 2002-03, and was one of the few large imported commodities which was not machinery of one type or another. In comparing the list of largest manufactured commodities that Australia exports with the list of imports in terms of value, it is apparent that many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

18.24 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
Change from 1998-99 to 2002-03
Change from 2001-02 to 2002-03
Share of total imports
2002-03
Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
11,904
12,784
14,346
14,895
16,826
41.3
13.0
12.6
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
4,526
7,516
10,369
8,893
10,501
132.0
18.1
7.9
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
7,104
7,589
8,319
7,965
7,731
8.8
-2.9
5.8
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
5,770
5,398
5,726
6,221
7,064
22.4
13.5
5.3
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
4,926
6,773
7,930
6,862
7,004
42.2
2.1
5.3
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
5,870
6,213
6,791
6,629
6,959
18.5
5.0
5.2
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
2,848
5,432
3,409
3,468
6,454
126.6
86.1
4.8
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
3,041
3,520
4,370
5,009
5,285
73.8
5.5
4.0
Machinery specialised for particular industries
4,234
4,153
3,835
4,050
4,543
7.3
12.2
3.4
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
2,459
2,794
3,187
3,215
3,420
39.1
6.4
2.6
Power generating machinery and equipment
2,264
2,655
2,700
3,034
3,209
41.7
5.8
2.4
Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.
2,408
2,522
2,710
2,790
3,133
30.1
12.3
2.4
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
2,533
2,593
2,742
2,998
3,057
20.7
2.0
2.3
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
2,351
2,397
1,688
2,219
2,959
25.8
33.3
2.2
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, n.e.s., and related products
2,588
2,632
2,607
2,562
2,723
5.2
6.3
2.0
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
2,082
2,329
2,444
2,363
2,497
20.0
5.7
1.9
Organic chemicals
2,388
2,874
2,854
2,501
2,441
2.3
-2.4
1.8
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
1,579
1,878
1,871
1,970
2,116
34.1
7.4
1.6
Iron and steel
1,472
1,505
1,430
1,764
1,961
33.2
11.2
1.5
Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.
1,272
1,255
1,412
1,607
1,753
37.8
9.0
1.3