Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/01/2006   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  

PRISONERS

The National Prisoner Census, conducted annually on the night of 30 June, counts all people who are in the legal custody of adult corrective services, including periodic detainees in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. At any given point in time, most prisoners are serving long sentences for relatively serious offences, but the flow of offenders in and out of prisons consists primarily of people serving short sentences for less serious offences.

The total prison population on 30 June 2004 was 24,171 (table 11.39). New South Wales had the highest proportion of prisoners (39%), followed by Queensland (22%).

11.39 PRISONERS, By states and territories - 30 June 2004

NSW(a)
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT in
ACT
ACT in
NSW(a)
ACT
Total
Aust.(b)

NUMBER

All prisoners
9,329
3,624
5,240
1,485
3,169
447
717
160
118
278
24,171
Males
8,671
3,380
4,881
1,393
2,900
425
701
148
111
259
22,499
Females
658
244
359
92
269
22
16
12
7
19
1,672
Indigenous
1,576
186
1,195
249
1,217
59
556
10
16
26
5,048
Non-Indigenous
7,629
3,438
3,989
1,069
1,952
388
161
150
102
252
18,776
Unknown
124
-
56
167
-
-
-
-
-
-
347
Sentenced
7,458
3,010
4,079
970
2,668
379
587
85
118
203
19,236
Unsentenced
1,871
614
1,161
515
501
68
130
75
-
75
4,935

PROPORTION (%)

All prisoners
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Males
92.9
93.3
93.1
93.8
91.5
95.1
97.8
92.5
94.1
93.2
93.1
Females
7.1
6.7
6.9
6.2
8.5
4.9
2.2
7.5
5.9
6.8
6.9
Indigenous
16.9
5.1
22.8
16.8
38.4
13.2
77.5
6.3
13.6
9.4
20.9
Non-Indigenous
81.8
94.9
76.1
72.0
61.6
86.6
22.5
93.8
86.4
90.6
77.7
Unknown
1.3
-
1.1
11.2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1.4
Sentenced
79.9
83.1
77.8
65.3
84.2
84.8
81.9
53.1
100.0
73.0
79.6
Unsentenced
20.1
16.9
22.2
34.7
15.8
15.2
18.1
46.9
-
27.0
20.4

(a) The majority of full-time prisoners sentenced in the ACT are held in NSW prisons.
(b) The ACT in NSW figures are a subset of the NSW figures, and are not separately counted in the Australian totals.

Source: Prisoners in Australia, 2004 (4517.0).


There were 22,499 male prisoners at 30 June 2004, comprising 93% of the total prisoner population (table 11.40). The median age of prisoners was 32 years for both males and females. The majority (53% or 12,783) of prisoners were young adult males aged 20-34 years (graph 11.40).

Graph 11.40: PRISONERS, By age group - 30 June 2004


There were 5,048 Indigenous prisoners (21% of the prisoner population) at 30 June 2004. Over the past decade, Indigenous prisoners have accounted for an increasing proportion of the total prisoner population (graph 11.41).

Graph 11.41: PROPORTION OF PRISONERS WHO ARE INDIGENOUS(a)


Unsentenced prisoners include prisoners awaiting a court hearing or trial and convicted prisoners awaiting sentencing. At 30 June 2004, one in five (20%) of the total prisoner population were unsentenced prisoners. Over the past ten years, unsentenced prisoners have accounted for an increasing number and proportion of the total prisoner population. The proportion of prisoners who were unsentenced increased from 12% in 1994 to 20% in 2004 (graph 11.42).

Graph 11.42: PROPORTION OF UNSENTENCED PRISONERS


Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.