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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/02/2004   
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Contents >> Labour >> Persons not in the labour force

Persons not in the labour force represent that group of the population who, during the reference week of a Labour Force Survey, are neither employed nor unemployed (diagram 6.2). Interest in this group centres primarily on their potential to participate in the labour force.

There were 3,826,800 persons aged 15-69 years not in the labour force at September 2002 (table 6.37). Some 21% of these persons not in the labour force (808,100) were marginally attached to the labour force. These people wanted to work and were either looking for work but not available to start work in the reference week, or available to start work but not actively looking for work. Of those persons not in the labour force, the proportion of females who were marginally attached (22.3%) was higher than that for males (19.0%). Of the marginally attached, 11.4% of males were actively looking for work compared to 6.6% of females.

In September 2002 there were 78,000 discouraged jobseekers. Discouraged jobseekers are persons who are marginally attached to the labour force, who want to work and are available to start work, but are not actively looking for work as they believe they will not find a job for labour market related reasons. Of males who were marginally attached to the labour force, 9.2% were discouraged jobseekers, compared to 9.8% of females.

6.37 CIVILIAN POPULATION AGED 15-69, Labour force status - September 2002

Males
Females
Persons
'000
'000
'000

Civilian population aged 15-69 years
6,901.1
6,866.9
13,768.1
Persons in the labour force
5,514.0
4,427.2
9,941.2
Employed
5,160.6
4,154.8
9,315.4
Unemployed
353.4
272.4
625.8
Persons not in the labour force
1,387.1
2,439.7
3,826.8
With marginal attachment to the labour force
263.0
545.2
808.1
Wanted to work and were actively looking for work
30.0
36.0
66.0
Were available to start work within four weeks
20.9
23.0
43.9
Were not available to start work within four weeks
9.2
13.0
22.1
Wanted to work but were not actively looking for work
and were available to start work within four weeks
232.9
509.2
742.1
Discouraged jobseekers
24.4
53.6
78.0
Other
208.5
455.6
664.1
Without marginal attachment to the labour force
1,124.2
1,894.6
3,018.7
Wanted to work but were not actively looking for work
and were not available to start work within four weeks
129.6
231.6
361.2
Did not want to work
894.0
1,607.2
2,501.2

Source: Persons Not in the Labour Force, Australia, September 2002 (6220.0).


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