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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/01/2006   
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Contents >> Chapter 6 - Labour >> Job vacancies

JOB VACANCIES

In ABS statistics, a job vacancy is defined as a job available for immediate filling on the survey reference date and for which recruitment action has been taken by the employer. Job vacancy statistics can be used to assess changes in the demand for labour.

Graph 6.69 presents quarterly trend estimates of job vacancies for the period May 1985 to May 2005. It shows that the number of job vacancies decreased to 30,300 in August 1991, reflecting the labour market downturn in the early-1990s. The number of job vacancies then trended upwards to a high of 115,000 in May 2000, before falling to 89,100 in November 2001. Job vacancies then increased again, reaching a new record high of 151,000 in May 2005.

Graph 6.69: JOB VACANCIES, Trend estimates


Table 6.70 shows the number of job vacancies in May 2005 was highest in the Property and business services industry (31,900) followed by the Retail trade (21,100), Manufacturing (14,000) and Health and community services (14,000) industries. Property and business services has had the highest number of job vacancies in May in each of the past six years.

6.70 JOB VACANCIES, By industry - May

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
ANZSIC Division
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Mining
0.8
1.2
1.1
1.1
2.0
2.7
Manufacturing
*14.0
*9.6
11.6
10.9
16.1
14.0
Electricity, gas and water supply
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
1.0
Construction
*5.2
*4.0
*9.2
*5.5
*7.1
*9.7
Wholesale trade
6.1
*6.9
4.4
*4.1
7.3
*6.6
Retail trade
8.1
7.6
10.9
18.1
21.8
21.1
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
*8.2
5.9
*6.3
5.0
*3.8
6.3
Transport and storage
2.9
1.5
2.4
*1.6
*3.0
*4.5
Communication services
1.8
0.7
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.6
Finance and insurance
5.6
5.1
4.0
5.0
4.7
7.4
Property and business services
*21.8
16.5
14.2
*18.8
27.7
31.9
Government administration and defence
5.1
6.1
5.8
4.9
4.9
6.3
Education
7.4
3.9
3.1
5.0
4.5
4.1
Health and community services
9.9
11.2
11.1
12.0
12.1
14.0
Cultural and recreational services
3.2
3.1
1.9
3.6
*2.0
3.7
Personal and other services
*7.2
*3.8
*3.5
*3.1
*4.6
*4.0
All industries
107.6
87.4
90.3
99.5
122.7
137.8

Source: Job Vacancies, Australia, Spreadsheets (6354.0).


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