1370.0 - Measures of Australia's Progress, 2010  
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Net greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP(a)(b)
Graph Image for Net greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP(a)(b)

Footnote(s): (a) Excluding emissions from the land use, land use change and forestry sector (b) GDP used is a chain volume measure; reference year 2007-08. (c) Index displays emissions as a percentage of 1990 emissions.

Source(s): Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency 2010 National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, May 2010; ABS Australian System of National Accounts, 2008-09 (cat. no. 5204.0)


There is a falling trend in emissions per unit of GDP. This trend has been attributed to a range of factors including better management of emissions across sectors, and stronger growth in the services sector than in the more energy intensive manufacturing sector.

The greenhouse gas emissions intensity of the Australian economy, expressed as emissions per dollar of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), fell 27% from an index value of 100 in 1989-90 to 73 in 2007-08.

There has been a steady decline in the amount of greenhouse gas emissions relative to GDP over the period 1989-90 to 2007-08. Although the nation's net greenhouse gas emissions increased by 31% between 1989-90 and 2007-08, the Australian economy (GDP) grew by 80%, and this resulted in the decline in emissions per unit of GDP (ABS 2009a).


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