The 2012-13 national cattle herd increased by 3% over the previous year to 29.3 million head.
Total dairy cattle numbers increased by 4% to 2.8 million head. Nationally, cows in milk and dry numbers declined by 1% to 1.7 million head.
The total number of meat cattle rose by 3% to 26.5 million head. A decrease in numbers in South Australia and Western Australia was offset by increases in all other states, with the largest growth in Queensland. Nationally, meat cows and heifers one year and over decreased by 1% to 13.4 million head.
Total sheep and lamb numbers increased by 1% to 75.5 million head. The total number of breeding ewes in Australia has declined by 10% to 40.3 million head.
Pig numbers continued to decline with a 2% decrease from 2011-12 to 2.1 million head.
The number of chickens for meat rose by 4% to 84.0 million birds and chickens for egg production increased 9% to 14.6 million.
LIVESTOCK, Australia, year ended 30 June 2013
Number on holding
Change in number on holding since
CATTLE AND CALVES
Cows in milk and dry
All other dairy cattle (a)
Total dairy cattle
Cows and heifers one year and over
All other meat cattle (b)
Total meat cattle
Total cattle and calves
Proportion of total herd
Dairy cattle (%)
Meat cattle (%)
SHEEP AND LAMBS
Breeding ewes one year and over (c)
All other sheep (d)
Total sheep and lambs
Breeding sows (e)
All other pigs (f)
For meat production
For egg production (g)
(a) Includes bulls, steers, calves and heifers
(b) Includes bulls, steers and calves
(c) Including maiden ewes intended for breeding
(d) Includes rams, marked lambs, wethers, hoggets and non-breeding ewes
(e) Excluding unmated gilts
(f) Includes boars, gilts, suckers, weaners, growers and finishers
(g) Including hens in moult
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