Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
4841.0 - Facts at your Fingertips: Health, 2011  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/07/2012  First Issue
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Tobacco Smoking in Australia, 2007–08


TOBACCO SMOKING IN AUSTRALIA, 2007–08

Smoking is a significant risk factor for chronic disease. It is important to monitor rates of smoking in the population to identify high risk groups, and recognise patterns in smoking behaviour.

    ABOUT THE INFORMATION...

    The article draws on data from the 2007–08, 2004–05, 2001, 1995 and 1989–90 ABS National Health Surveys (NHS). Data are also taken from the 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS). The analysis is for people aged 18 years and over, unless stated otherwise.

    Current smokers are those who reported smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes at the time of interview. Current daily smokers are those who reported regularly smoking one or more cigarettes, cigars or pipes per day.

    Ex-smokers are those who reported they had smoked at least 100 cigarettes, or smoked cigars or pipes at least 20 times in their lifetime, but did not currently smoke. Prior to 2004–05, ex-smokers were those who had previously smoked regularly but were not current smokers. The definition of 'regularly' was left up to the respondent.

    Time series data are age-standardised to the 2001 estimated resident population (ERP).


TRENDS OVER TIME
  • Rates of smoking in Australia are steadily decreasing over time.
  • Young people were less likely to smoke in 2007–08 than in 1989–90, with a drop from 36% to 24% in rates of current smoking for men aged 18–24 years, and a drop from 36% to 22% for women of the same age.

1.1 Smoker status by sex, 1989–90 and 2007–08

Male
Female
Total

Current smoker
1989–90
31%
24%
28%
2007–08
23%
19%
21%
Never regularly smoked
1989–90
38%
58%
48%
2007–08
47%
58%
53%

Source: National Health Surveys, 1989–90 and 2007–08


IN 2007–08...
  • Around a third of all current smokers reported their smoking had decreased in the past 12 months (30% of men and 34% of women), while just over half said their smoking habits were unchanged.
  • Younger smokers were the most likely to have increased the amount they smoked in the past year, (23% of 18–24 year olds compared with an average of 15% of all smokers).
1.2 Smoker status by sex, 2007–08

Male
Female
Total

Current daily smoker
21%
17%
19%
Irregular smoker
2%
2%
2%
Ex-smoker
34%
25%
30%
Never smoked
43%
56%
49%

Source: National Health Survey, 2007–08


LOCATION
  • People living in outer regional and remote areas were more likely to be daily smokers than people living in inner regional areas and major cities (26% and 18% respectively). They were also less likely to have never smoked (41% compared with 50%).

1.3 Current smokers over time, Australia(a)

Graph Image for Current smokers over time, Australia

Footnote(s): (a) Persons aged 18 years and over. Includes current daily, weekly and other current smokers.

Source(s): ABS National Health Surveys, 1989–90, 1995, 2001, 2004–05, and 2007–08


1.4 Male rates of smoking, 1989–90 and 2007–08(a)
Graph Image for Male rates of smoking

Footnote(s): (a) Persons aged 18 years and over. Includes current daily, weekly and other current smokers.

Source(s): ABS National Health Survey, 1995 and 2007–08


1.5 Female rates of smoking, 1989–90 and 2007–08(a)

Graph Image for Female rates of smoking

Footnote(s): (a) Persons aged 18 years and over. Includes current daily, weekly and other current smokers.

Source(s): ABS National Health Survey, 1995 and 2007–08



SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
  • After adjusting for differences in age structure, people living in areas of most disadvantage were much more likely to be daily smokers (33% of men and 26% of women), compared with those in areas of least disadvantage (12% and 11% respectively).

OCCUPATION
  • Labourers, trade workers, technicians, drivers and machinery operators were the most likely to smoke daily (29%), compared with people in the following occupations:
    • Service, clerical and sales workers (18%).
    • Managers and professionals (13%)
    • Health professionals and health care workers (12%).

MENTAL HEALTH
  • People with high/very high levels of psychological distress (31%) were more likely to be daily smokers than people with moderate (22%) or low levels of distress (16%). They were also more likely to have smoked at some time in their lives (63% compared with 54% and 47%).

ADOLESCENTS
  • More than 58,000 adolescents (aged 15 to 17 years) said that they were current smokers (7%), and more than 30,000 said they were ex-smokers (4%).
  • Adolescent boys (9%) were almost twice as likely to be current smokers as adolescent girls (5%).

INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS
  • In 2008, almost half of Indigenous Australians aged 18 years and over were daily smokers (45%).
  • After adjusting for differences in age structure, Indigenous Australians were still more than twice as likely to be daily smokers as non-Indigenous Australians (45% compared with 19%).
  • Over half the Indigenous people living in very remote areas were daily smokers (53%) compared with those in cities and other non-remote areas (46%).
1.6 Daily smoking by Indigenous status and age, 2007–08(a)

Graph Image for Daily smoking by Indigenous status and age, 2007-08

Footnote(s): (a) Persons aged 18 years and over.

Source(s): ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2008, ABS National Healthy Survey, 2007–08




Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.