Agricultural holdings in Australia totalled 405 million hectares, a decrease of 4.2 million hectares, or 1% from the 2010-11 Agricultural Census.
Around 355 million hectares (88%) of agricultural land were mainly used for grazing, with Queensland businesses reporting 129 million hectares or 36% of Australia's agricultural land mainly used for grazing.
Approximately 50.5 million hectares of agricultural land were mainly used for grazing on improved pasture, while 305 million hectares were mainly used for grazing on other agricultural land.
Around 63,250 agricultural businesses reported a combined total of 32.0 million hectares of land that were mainly used for crops, with Western Australia using 9.9 million hectares, ahead of New South Wales with 9.2 million hectares.
Almost a third (32%) of all agricultural businesses in Australia reported setting aside a combined total of 8.4 million hectares of land for conservation or protection purposes.
The Northern Territory recorded the highest percentage of agricultural land mainly used for grazing (96%), followed by Queensland (94%). Victoria had the lowest percentage (54%) but it was the state with the highest percentage of agricultural land mainly used for cropping (35%). Tasmania recorded the highest percentage of agricultural land set aside for conservation or protection purposes (8%).
Regions with the highest proportion of agricultural land were Subtropical Plains (89% of total area), Wheatbelt East (87%) and Wheatbelt Downs (85%). The regions with the lowest proportion of agricultural land were Temperate Coast West and Temperate Coast South regions (24% each) (see map below).
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