Australian Bureau of Statistics
4363.0.55.001 - Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/06/2013
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Both of these were also derived into deciles.
The cut-offs for the decile items were calculated using combined data from both NHS and NNPAS and has been applied to the NHS, NNPAS and Core data items. These are further explained in the section of this chapter entitled 'Household and Family characteristics'. Decile cut-offs tables are available in Appendix 5: Income deciles.
Personal income was only collected in the NHS.
'Gross cash income' refers to total cash (in dollar amounts) income from all sources before tax or anything else (except business expenses) is taken out. Respondents were asked to report.
Income from all sources was combined to produce a total personal cash income, which is usually expressed for output in annual or weekly income ranges. Incomes in reported dollar amounts and in deciles are stored on the data file.
Respondents were asked whether they received income from wages and salaries (including from their own incorporated business), and if so, how much, and the period the amount covered. This topic included wages and salaries from all jobs, whether full-time or part-time; wages and salaries paid to a respondent from their own incorporated business; and commissions paid to sales staff. It excluded dividends received from shares in an incorporated business; and Newstart or Youth Allowance received under the Work for the Dole Scheme.
Respondents were then asked whether they currently received a government pension, allowance and benefit, and if so, were sequenced to a series of questions to determine the specific pension, benefit or allowance, as follows:
Only one of these pensions, benefits or allowances could be selected. If any of the above were selected, the amount received and the period that amount covered were asked.
Respondents were then asked whether they currently received Family Tax Benefit (FTB) as regular payments from the Tax Office, and if so, the amount received and the period that amount covered. FTB is a Australian Government benefit to assist with the cost of raising children that consists of two components:
Both Part A and Part B were included in this topic.
FTB can be paid as fortnightly payments from the Family Assistance Office, as a lump sum payment from the Family Assistance Office after the end of the financial year, and as a lump sum through the tax system. Recipients of this last system can anticipate the lump sum by asking their employer to take less tax out of their wages during the year. Recipients can also choose to receive some of their entitlement in fortnightly payments and some as a lump sum after the end of the financial year. For the purposes of this question, only FTB income received as regular fortnightly payments was included.
Using a prompt card, respondents were asked whether they currently received any income from the following sources, and if so, the amount received and the period that amount covered:
Respondents were then asked to report:
Where the respondent was a registered dealer, income from share trading was recorded as business income. In other cases, income from share trading was recorded as 'other regular income'.
Persons who reported income from their own unincorporated business, share in a partnership, or rental property were asked to report the total amount expected to be received from these sources in the current financial year (before tax but after business expenses). 'Don't know' and 'refusal' options were allowed.
Sources of income are classified as follow:
'Main source of income' and 'Type of government pension or allowance received' are also available for output.
Total cash income at the person level is available as a continuous variable as well as a derived decile version. Deciles are further explained in the Household and Family characteristics section of this chapter entitled and the cut-offs used are available in Appendix 5: Income deciles.
The data items and related output categories for this topic are available in Excel spreadsheet format from the Downloads page of this product.
Points to be considered in interpreting for this topic include the following:
Comparability with 2007-08
Data for most common items are considered broadly comparable between the 2011-12 and 2007-08 surveys.
However in 2007-08, personal income data was only collected for persons aged 18 years and over. Care should be taken when making comparisons between the 2007-08 NHS and 2011-12 NHS that the same age groups are being used.
This page last updated 5 March 2015
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