6306.0 - Employee Earnings and Hours, Australia, May 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/01/2017   
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FULL-TIME NON-MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES PAID AT THE ADULT RATE

Analysis of estimates for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate provides an opportunity to compare earnings and hours paid for by classifications of interest such as sex, method of setting pay, occupation, industry and sector without compositional elements such as the proportion of part-time employees, or employees paid at junior, apprentice or trainee or disability rates. For example, an industry with a large proportion of part-time employees and employees paid at the junior rate will have lower average earnings for all employees than an industry with a small proportion of part-time employees and employees paid at the junior rate.


Key results by category

In May 2016, there were 5,191,800 full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate of whom 59.4% were male and 40.6% were female. The majority of these employees (94.3%) were employed on a permanent or fixed term basis. Of all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, 5.7% were casual.

Average weekly total cash earnings was $1,564.00 for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate ($1,674.50 for male employees and $1,402.20 for female employees). For these employees, average weekly total hours paid for was 39.3 hours (40.3 hours for males and 37.9 hours for females). Average hourly total cash earnings was $39.80 for all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate ($41.60 for male employees and $37.00 for female employees).


Occupation

Among full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, Machinery operators and drivers had the highest average weekly total hours paid for (43.3 hours). Clerical and administrative workers and Professionals both had the lowest average weekly total hours paid for (37.9 hours). Managers had the highest average hourly total cash earnings ($56.80) and Sales workers and Labourers had the lowest ($29.70 and $29.80 respectively).


Industry

Average weekly total hours paid for was highest in the Mining industry (43.5 hours) and lowest in the Education and training industry (36.4 hours) for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. The Mining industry also had the highest average hourly total cash earnings of $56.90. Full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate in the Accommodation and food services industry had the lowest average hourly total cash earnings of $27.50.

The Manufacturing industry employed the highest proportion of all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate (10.6%), followed by the Public administration and safety industry (9.3%).


Sector

For full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, average weekly total hours paid for was higher in the private sector (39.8 hours) than in the public sector (37.7 hours). In contrast, average hourly total cash earnings was higher in the public sector ($46.20) than the private sector ($38.00). Of all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, 77.5% were employed in the private sector and 22.5% in the public sector.


Methods of setting pay

The most common method of setting pay for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was an Individual arrangement (47.0%). The average weekly total cash earnings for these employees was $1,561.20. On average, they were paid for a total of 39.3 hours a week at an average hourly total cash earnings rate of $39.70.

The next most common method of setting pay for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was Collective agreement (37.1%). These employees had the highest average hourly total cash earnings ($42.70) and were paid for the most total hours per week (39.5 hours). The average weekly total cash earnings for this group of employees was $1,689.30.

The least common method of setting pay for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was Award only (15.9%). These employees, paid for an average 38.7 weekly total hours, received the lowest average total cash earnings per week ($1,279.20) and per hour ($33.10).


DISTRIBUTION OF EARNINGS

Weekly total cash earnings, Method of setting pay

Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was $1,376.00. The lowest paid 25% of these employees received $1,048.00 or less in weekly total cash earnings. The next 50% (or inter quartile range) of full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate received weekly total cash earnings between $1,048.00 and $1,852.00.

One in 10 full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate received weekly total cash earnings of $866.00 or less, while one in 10 received weekly total cash earnings of $2,461.00 or more.

Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was highest for those paid by Collective agreement ($1,530.00) followed by Individual arrangement ($1,339.00). Award only employees received the lowest median weekly cash earnings ($1,139.00).

The inter quartile ranges for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate were: between $1,181.00 and $1,990.00 for those paid by collective agreement; between $1,036.00 and $1,833.00 for those paid by individual arrangement; and between $895.00 and $1,577.00 for those employees paid by award only.


FULL-TIME NON-MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES PAID AT THE ADULT RATE, Distribution of weekly total cash earnings - Method of setting pay, May 2016

Award only
Collective agreement(a)
Individual arrangement(b)
All methods of setting pay

ESTIMATE

WEEKLY TOTAL CASH EARNINGS ($)(c)
Deciles and quartiles
10th Percentile
783.00
938.00
866.00
866.00
20th Percentile
864.00
1 111.00
981.00
987.00
25th Percentile (1st quartile)
895.00
1 181.00
1 036.00
1 048.00
30th Percentile
934.00
1 244.00
1 087.00
1 112.00
40th Percentile
1 032.00
1 389.00
1 200.00
1 234.00
50th Percentile (median) (2nd quartile)
1 139.00
1 530.00
1 339.00
1 376.00
60th Percentile
1 256.00
1 690.00
1 486.00
1 539.00
70th Percentile
1 447.00
1 875.00
1 680.00
1 740.00
75th Percentile (3rd quartile)
1 577.00
1 990.00
1 833.00
1 852.00
80th Percentile
1 698.00
2 115.00
2 031.00
2 009.00
90th Percentile
1 942.00
2 534.00
2 535.00
2 461.00
Average weekly total cash earnings
1 279.20
1 689.30
1 561.20
1 564.00

STANDARD ERROR

WEEKLY TOTAL CASH EARNINGS ($)
Deciles and quartiles
10th Percentile
10.80
14.10
6.50
4.40
20th Percentile
10.50
19.50
9.30
6.60
25th Percentile (1st quartile)
11.30
15.70
10.60
7.30
30th Percentile
15.50
17.50
11.20
7.00
40th Percentile
19.30
18.40
14.60
8.80
50th Percentile (median) (2nd quartile)
15.70
18.80
13.90
11.50
60th Percentile
24.90
17.80
16.40
12.60
70th Percentile
35.10
18.60
23.50
13.40
75th Percentile (3rd quartile)
29.50
16.90
25.60
12.30
80th Percentile
26.30
16.90
40.00
19.00
90th Percentile
33.00
25.60
45.00
24.20
Average weekly total cash earnings
16.20
16.40
18.20
11.50

(a) Includes registered and unregistered collective agreements.
(b) Includes registered and unregistered individual arrangements.
(c) Percentiles are based on whole dollars only.



Weekly total cash earnings, Occupation by Sex

For all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, the occupation groups with the highest median weekly total cash earnings were Managers ($2,096.00) and Professionals ($1,756.00). Ten percent of Managers received weekly total cash earnings of $3,272.00 or more, and the highest paid 10% of Professionals received $2,783.00 or more.

The occupation groups with the lowest median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate were Sales workers ($1,036.00) and Labourers ($1,055.00).

Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was higher for males ($1,463.00) than females ($1,259.00). The lowest paid 10% of males received weekly total cash earnings of $898.00 or less compared to $838.00 or less for females. The highest paid 10% of male full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate received weekly total cash earnings of $2,650.00 or more compared to $2,115.00 or more for their female counterparts.

Median weekly total cash earnings was highest for Managers for both males ($2,244.00) and females ($1,878.00).

Both male and female median weekly total cash earnings was lowest for Labourers (males $1,104.00, females $917.00) and Sales workers (males $1,119.00, females $962.00). The difference between median weekly total cash earnings for male and female full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was smallest for Sales workers ($157.00) and greatest for Community and personal service workers ($412.00).

Graph Image for Median Weekly Total Cash Earnings, Full-time non-managerial employees, adult rate of pay - Occupation by Sex, May 2016


Weekly total cash earnings, Industry

Median weekly total cash earnings for all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate was highest for those employees in the Mining industry ($2,377.00), which was $661.00 higher than for the next highest industry, Electricity, gas, water and waste services ($1,716.00). One in four full-time non-managerial employees in the Mining industry received weekly total cash earnings of $3,012.00 or more.

In contrast, industries with the lowest median weekly total cash earnings for all full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate were Retail trade ($1,014.00) and Accommodation and food services ($1,017.00).

Graph Image for Distribution of Weekly Total Cash Earnings, Full-time non-managerial employees, adult rate of pay - Industry, May 2016


Weekly total cash earnings, Sector

Median weekly total cash earnings was higher for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate in the public sector ($1,619.00) than the private sector ($1,283.00). In contract, earnings for the highest paid 10% were higher in the private sector ($2,464.00) than the public sector ($2,408.00).


FULL-TIME NON-MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES PAID AT THE ADULT RATE, Distribution of weekly total cash earnings - Sector, May 2016

Private sector
Public sector
All sectors

ESTIMATE

WEEKLY TOTAL CASH EARNINGS ($)(a)
Deciles and quartiles
10th Percentile
838.00
1 116.00
866.00
20th Percentile
948.00
1 252.00
987.00
25th Percentile (1st quartile)
991.00
1 316.00
1 048.00
30th Percentile
1 044.00
1 378.00
1 112.00
40th Percentile
1 154.00
1 498.00
1 234.00
50th Percentile (median) (2nd quartile)
1 283.00
1 619.00
1 376.00
60th Percentile
1 443.00
1 765.00
1 539.00
70th Percentile
1 654.00
1 894.00
1 740.00
75th Percentile (3rd quartile)
1 788.00
1 996.00
1 852.00
80th Percentile
1 954.00
2 092.00
2 009.00
90th Percentile
2 464.00
2 408.00
2 461.00
Average weekly total cash earnings
1 513.00
1 739.50
1 564.00

STANDARD ERROR

WEEKLY TOTAL CASH EARNINGS ($)
Deciles and quartiles
10th Percentile
6.30
8.50
4.40
20th Percentile
7.10
11.10
6.60
25th Percentile (1st quartile)
6.50
9.40
7.30
30th Percentile
7.90
14.70
7.00
40th Percentile
5.70
12.20
8.80
50th Percentile (median) (2nd quartile)
12.30
13.70
11.50
60th Percentile
13.50
14.40
12.60
70th Percentile
16.70
12.40
13.40
75th Percentile (3rd quartile)
21.00
14.60
12.30
80th Percentile
22.20
10.10
19.00
90th Percentile
32.90
18.40
24.20
Average weekly total cash earnings
14.20
12.50
11.50

(a) Percentiles are based on whole dollars only.