2075.0 - Census of Population and Housing - Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016  
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2016 CENSUS COUNTS - ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE

In 2016, there were 649,171 people identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin in the Census. Of these people, 91% (590,056 people) were of Aboriginal origin only, 5% (32,345 people) were of Torres Strait Islander origin only and 4% (26,767 people) identified as being of both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin. These proportions have changed very little in the last ten year period (see Data Cube 3, Table 3b). In the Northern Territory, just under 25% of the population identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin in the 2016 Census. In all other jurisdictions, 5% or less of the population were of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin. Victoria had the lowest proportion at 0.8% of the state total.

When a response to the Indigenous status question in the Census was not provided, a response of 'not stated' is recorded. When these people are excluded from the total population, the proportion of those identifying as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander increases slightly (between 0.1 and 0.3 percentage points) in all states and territories, with the exception of the Northern Territory which increases by 2.8 percentage points (see Data Cube 3, Table 3a).

Census Counts(a) by Indigenous status — State/Territory, 2016


Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Not stated
Total
Aboriginal and/or
Torres Strait Islander

State/Territory
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)
Count of Persons
Count of Persons
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)

New South Wales
216 176
33.3
6 826 286
437 762
7 480 228
2.9
Victoria
47 788
7.4
5 532 275
346 563
5 926 624
0.8
Queensland
186 482
28.7
4 211 020
305 685
4 703 193
4.0
South Australia
34 184
5.3
1 557 001
85 464
1 676 653
2.0
Western Australia
75 978
11.7
2 237 541
160 891
2 474 410
3.1
Tasmania
23 572
3.6
455 137
31 255
509 965
4.6
Northern Territory
58 248
9.0
147 327
23 257
228 833
25.5
Australian Capital Territory
6 508
1.0
370 748
20 143
397 397
1.6

Total Australia(b)
649 171
100.0
21 341 231
1 411 491
23 401 892
2.8

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) Includes Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island, Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, and No Usual Address.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).


CAPITAL CITIES AND REST OF STATE

In the 2016 Census, just over one-third (35%) of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lived in Capital City areas. States with relatively high proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in Capital Cities include South Australia (54%) and Victoria (50%). In contrast, 78% of the population who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin in the Northern Territory lived outside the Capital City area. Likewise, in Queensland, 71% of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lived outside of the Capital City area.

Census Counts(a) by Indigenous Status — Capital City and Rest of State, 2016

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Not stated
Total
Proportion of
Aboriginal and/or
Torres Strait Islander Persons

Capital City/Rest of State
Count of Persons
Count of Persons
Count of Persons
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)

New South Wales (NSW)
Greater Sydney
70 135
4 493 490
260 364
4 823 991
32.4
Rest of State
145 189
2 322 911
175 436
2 643 536
67.2
No Usual Address
839
9 528
1 916
12 288
0.4
Total NSW
216 176
6 826 286
437 762
7 480 228
100
Victoria (Vic)
Greater Melbourne
24 062
4 215 761
245 390
4 485 211
50.4
Rest of State
23 444
1 310 270
100 103
1 433 818
49.1
No Usual Address
279
6 219
1 069
7 565
0.6
Total Vic
47 788
5 532 275
346 563
5 926 624
100
Queensland (Qld)
Greater Brisbane
54 158
2 093 128
123 517
2 270 800
29.0
Rest of State
131 520
2 107 878
180 324
2 419 724
70.5
No Usual Address
799
9 886
1 827
12 510
0.4
Total Qld
186 482
4 211 020
305 685
4 703 193
100
South Australia (SA)
Greater Adelaide
18 403
1 216 624
60 689
1 295 714
53.8
Rest of State
15 530
338 096
24 445
378 074
45.4
No Usual Address
249
2 279
328
2 863
0.7
Total SA
34 184
1 557 001
85 464
1 676 653
100
Western Australia (WA)
Greater Perth
31 214
1 801 031
111 612
1 943 858
41.1
Rest of State
44 169
431 657
48 341
524 167
58.1
No Usual Address
587
4 497
867
5 950
0.8
Total WA
75 978
2 237 541
160 891
2 474 410
100
Tasmania (Tas)
Greater Hobart
8 534
201 462
12 351
222 356
36.2
Rest of State
14 983
252 850
18 791
286 627
63.6
No Usual Address
55
755
104
912
0.2
Total Tas
23 572
455 137
31 255
509 965
100
Northern Territory (NT)
Greater Darwin
11 960
110 004
14 862
136 828
20.5
Rest of Territory
45 590
35 862
7 998
89 443
78.3
No Usual Address
696
1 402
387
2 489
1.2
Total NT
58 248
147 327
23 257
228 833
100
Australian Capital Territory (ACT)
Australian Capital Territory
6 476
370 297
20 084
396 857
99.5
No Usual Address
33
454
62
538
0.5
Total ACT
6 508
370 748
20 143
397 397
100

Total Australia(b)
649 171
21 341 231
1 411 491
23 401 892

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) Includes Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island, and Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, and No Usual Address.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).


AGE PROFILE

In the 2016 Census, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population had a younger age distribution than the non-Indigenous population, reflecting higher fertility and lower life expectancy - a trend consistent with 2011 Census results. In 2016, the median age (the age at which half the population is older and half the population is younger) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 23 years (up from 21 years in 2011), compared with 38 years for non-Indigenous people (up from 37 years in 2011). The Northern Territory had the highest median age for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in both 2011 and 2016 (23 years and 25 years respectively). In 2016, New South Wales and Queensland had the lowest median age (22 years). For 2011 age profiles, see Census of Population and Housing - Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2011 (cat. no. 2075.0).

Nationally, just over one-third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people counted in the 2016 Census were under 15 years of age (34%), while 5% were aged 65 years and over. The age profile of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait population varied only slightly between the states and territories. Queensland had the highest proportion of children aged under 15 years (35%). Tasmania had the highest proportion of older persons aged 65 years and over (6%).


Census Counts(a) — Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people by State/Territory and Age, 2016


Total Persons
Persons aged 0-14 years
Persons aged 15-64 years
Persons aged 65 years and over
Median age

State/Territory
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)
Proportion of Persons (%)
Proportion of Persons (%)
Years

New South Wales
216 176
34.4
60.3
5.4
22
Victoria
47 788
33.3
61.5
5.3
23
Queensland
186 482
35.4
60.2
4.4
22
South Australia
34 184
33.4
62.0
4.6
23
Western Australia
75 978
33.4
62.4
4.2
23
Tasmania
23 572
33.0
60.8
6.2
24
Northern Territory
58 248
30.0
66.2
3.8
25
Australian Capital Territory
6 508
31.2
65.5
3.1
23

Total Australia(b)
649 171
34.0
61.3
4.8
23

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) Includes Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island, and Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, and No Usual Address.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).