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8221.1 - Manufacturing Industry, New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory, 1999-2000  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/11/2001   
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ANNUAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY COLLECTION

The 1999-2000 collection was conducted as a sample survey of approximately 17,000 manufacturing establishments nationally, which were requested to provide data on employment, wages and salaries, turnover, purchases and whether their products were exported. A sub-sample of approximately 7,000 establishments was also asked to provide detailed structural and performance data, and value of sales for commodities produced.


ABOUT THIS ISSUE

The 1999-2000 series of these publications, Manufacturing Industry, Australia (Cat. no. 8221.0) and Manufacturing Industry, [State], (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6) will be the last that present data for manufacturing establishments. Future manufacturing collections will no longer collect data from manufacturing establishments. Starting with the 2000-01 manufacturing collection, data will be sought from a sample of approximately 9,000 manufacturing businesses nationally. For more details, see the Appendix.

The ABS continues to use Australian Taxation Office (ATO) information on group employer (GE) registrations to delete from the ABS business register those businesses which have ceased trading or are no longer employing staff. The ABS has for some time used GE information to add new businesses to the business register; however, GE information to delete businesses from the business register was first used for the 1998-99 collection. For more details, see paragraphs 12-14 of the Explanatory Notes.


REGIONAL DATA

For information about the availability of sub-State estimates from the 1999-2000 collection, see paragraph 27 of the Explanatory Notes.


DATA TO BE RELEASED IN OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Detailed manufacturing industry statistics for each State are being released progressively in a series of publications, Manufacturing Industry, [State], 1999-2000 (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6).

Management unit data and a wide range of manufacturing related ABS data, as well as data from other sources, will be presented in the compendium publication Manufacturing, Australia, 2001 (Cat. no. 8225.0), to be released in December 2001. Management unit data at the total manufacturing level are also included in Business Operations and Industry Performance, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8140.0).


MAIN FEATURES


NEW SOUTH WALES

Overview

Turnover for the year 1999-2000 by manufacturing establishments operating in New South Wales was $73,259m, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $23,103m. For turnover, this represents a 2.9% increase in current price terms from the $71,214m recorded for 1998-99. These manufacturing establishments employed 291,900 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $11,660m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000.

The percentage of Australian manufacturing employment in New South Wales at the end of June 2000 was 32.1%, a decrease of 0.1 percentage points on that reported at the end of June 1999. The New South Wales industry subdivisions which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 at the industry subdivision level were Printing, publishing and recorded media (41.4%), Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (34.3%) and Metal product manufacturing (33.9%).

The percentage contribution by New South Wales to total Australian manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 was 32.0% and 33.7% respectively. For turnover, this represents a decrease of 0.4 percentage points on the contribution reported in 1998-99, while for IVA, this represents an increase of 0.3 percentage points on the contribution reported in 1998-99. The New South Wales industry subdivisions which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 at the industry subdivision level were also Printing, publishing and recorded media (45.5% and 43.5% respectively), Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (34.9% and 34.7% respectively) and Metal product manufacturing (34.8% and 37.1% respectively).

State/Territory comparison

For the fourth consecutive year, for 1999-2000, the contribution to Australian turnover by New South Wales manufacturers ($73,259m) was below that of manufacturers located in Victoria ($74,312m). When this first occurred, for 1996-97, it was the first time that this had happened since the commencement of integrated economic statistics with the 1968-69 collection.

Between them, New South Wales (at 33.7%) and Victoria (at 32.4%) contributed nearly two-thirds of manufacturing IVA for Australia in 1999-2000. This ranking and that of the other States and Territories was unchanged from the previous year.

This is the third consecutive year that employment in the Victorian manufacturing industry has exceeded that for New South Wales. There is, however, a decrease of 0.3 percentage points for Victoria and a decrease of 0.1 percentage points for New South Wales on their contribution to national manufacturing employment recorded 12 months earlier, such that the gap has now narrowed considerably, with each State contributing 32.1% to Australian manufacturing employment.

Industry value added

IVA for 1999-2000 was $23,103m. The industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to total manufacturing IVA and the most notable industry classes within those subdivisions (as a percentage of New South Wales' total manufacturing IVA) were:

  • Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (19.2%), where the industry classes Cereal food and baking mix manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2152 at 1.9%), Poultry processing (ANZSIC Class 2112 at 1.8%), Food manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2179 at 1.7%) and Meat processing (ANZSIC Class 2111 at 1.6%) were the most substantial.
  • Metal product manufacturing (17.0%), where the industry classes Basic iron and steel manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2711 at 4.7%), Aluminium smelting (ANZSIC Class 2722 at 2.1%) and Structural steel fabricating (ANZSIC Class 2741 at 1.7%) were the most substantial.
  • Machinery and equipment manufacturing (17.0%), where the industry classes Electronic equipment manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2849 at 2.3%) and Aircraft manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2824 at 2.2%) were the most substantial.
  • Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (14.7%), where the industry classes Medicinal and pharmaceutical product manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2543 at 3.2%) and Petroleum refining (ANZSIC Class 2510 at 1.6%) were the most substantial.

Graph - Distribution of IVA and Employment across industries


Industry classes making a notable contribution to industry value added and not included in the subdivisions listed above included Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421 at 5.1%), Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412 at 3.7%) and Wooden structural component manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2323 at 2.1%).

The New South Wales manufacturing industry subdivisions in 1999-2000 with the highest IVA per person employed were Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing at $113,200 per person employed and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (at $104,500).

Employment and wages

The New South Wales manufacturing industry employed 291,900 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $11,660m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000. This represents an average of $39,900 paid in annual wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June 2000, a decrease of 0.6% on the $40,200 recorded twelve months earlier. (Readers should note that the employment figure in this average measures the number of persons employed at the end of June and includes working proprietors. The wages and salaries figure excludes the drawings of working proprietors.)

Graph - Employment at end of June from 1995 to 2000



New South Wales manufacturing employment decreased each year from June 1995 (318,300 persons) to June 2000. Employment in the New South Wales manufacturing industry decreased by 1.5% or 4,300 persons between June 1999 (296,300 persons) and June 2000 (291,900 persons). Over the five years from June 1995 to June 2000, employment decreased by 8.3% or 26,400 persons.

Between June 1999 and June 2000, employment decreased in five of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions and increased in the other four. Metal product manufacturing recorded the largest decrease in absolute terms (down 3,700 persons), followed by Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (down 2,100 persons). The same industry subdivisions recorded the largest percentage decreases, but in the reverse order - Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (down 10.9% from 19,600 persons to 17,500 persons) and Metal product manufacturing (down 7.2% from 51,800 persons to 48,100 persons). Over the five year period from June 1995, employment in Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing has fallen by 32.2% (from 25,800 persons to 17,500 persons). The largest percentage and absolute increase between June 1999 and June 2000 was recorded by Wood and paper product manufacturing (up 15.1% from 17,000 persons to 19,600 persons).

Average wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June fell in six industry subdivisions and rose in the other three between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage decreases in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:
  • Metal product manufacturing (down 5.2% - from $44,100 to $41,800), where 8 (out of 20) industry classes recorded a decrease, with the largest being:
    • Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2729) (down 27.6% - from $34,500 to $25,000);
    • Basic iron and steel manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2711) (down 24.9% - from $69,100 to $51,900);
    • Non-ferrous metal casting (ANZSIC Class 2733) (down 11.0% - from $31,400 to $28,000); and
    • Structural metal product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2749) (down 11.0% - from $32,800 to $29,200).
  • Other manufacturing (down 2.7% - from $27,600 to $26,900), where 5 (out of 9) industry classes recorded a decrease, with the largest being:
    • Manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2949) (down 23.6% - from $30,600 to $23,400); and
    • Sheet metal furniture manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2922) (down 19.9% - from $30,600 to $24,500).

The largest industry class in this subdivision, Wooden furniture and upholstered seat manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2921) recorded a small increase (up 3.2% - from $25,700 to $26,500) moderating the overall effect of the decreases in the smaller classes.
  • Wood and paper product manufacturing (down 2.0% - from $36,100 to $35,400), where 5 (out of 12) industry classes recorded a decrease, with the largest being:
    • Timber resawing and dressing (ANZSIC Class 2313) (down 21.0% - from $40,100 to $31,600);
    • Log sawmilling (ANZSIC Class 2311) (down 14.2% - from $26,900 to $23,000); and
    • Wood product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2329) (down 9.7% - from $25,200 to $22,800).

The largest industry class in this subdivision, Wooden structural component manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2323) recorded an increase (up 11.7% - from $27,100 to $30,300) moderating the overall effect of the decreases in the smaller classes.

The industry subdivision to record the largest percentage increase in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June was:
  • Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (up 6.5% - from $28,600 to $30,400), where 14 (out of 19) industry classes recorded an increase. A major cause of the increase in average wages and salaries for these industry classes was the reduction of employment through redundancies during the year which have the effect of temporarily increasing wages and salaries (which include severance, termination and redundancy payments) while also decreasing the level of employment at the end of June 2000.

Turnover

Turnover rose, in current price terms, by $2,045m to $73,259m for 1999-2000. This represents a 2.9% increase on the $71,214m recorded for 1998-99.

For the third time and for the third consecutive year since ANZSIC industry data were introduced for 1989-90, Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing is the largest contributor to total New South Wales manufacturing turnover. Metal product manufacturing was again the second largest contributor and all industries were ranked in the same order as they were in 1998-99.

Seven of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded an increase in turnover between 1998-99 and 1999-2000, while the other two recorded a decrease. The largest increase in percentage terms was recorded by Wood and paper product manufacturing (up 11.6%) and the largest increase in dollar terms was recorded by Printing, publishing and recorded media (up $631m).

The industry classes (where publishable) with the largest percentage increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Non-ferrous pipe fitting manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2765) (up 59.2% or $53m); and
  • Wooden structural component manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2323) (up 38.9% or $396m).

The industry classes (where publishable) with the largest dollar increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Wooden structural component manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2323) (up $396m or 38.9%);
  • Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412) (up $391m or 19.7%);
  • Fabricated metal product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2769) (up $239m or 34.0%); and
  • Wooden furniture and upholstered seat manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2921) (up $216m or 29.4%).

The industry classes (where publishable) with the largest percentage decreases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2729) (down 68.0% or $15m);
  • Non-Ferrous metal casting (ANZSIC Class 2733) (down 44.0% or $21m);
  • Textile finishing (ANZSIC Class 2215) (down 43.8% or $25m); and
  • Seafood processing (ANZSIC Class 2173) (down 42.4% or $63m).

The industry classes with the largest dollar decreases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Dairy product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2129) (down $207m or 27.8%);
  • Spring and wire product manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2762) (down $176m or 35.3%); and
  • Mining and construction machinery manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2862) (down $173m or 27.7%).

Exports

For 1999-2000, New South Wales manufacturers directly exported $8,896m of the goods that they produced. This represents an increase of 6.3% on the $8,371m recorded for 1998-99. Exports as a proportion of the total sales and transfers out of goods produced rose from 11.4% for 1994-95 to 13.4% for 1997-98, before falling (for the first time) to 13.0% for 1998-99, then increasing to 13.5% for 1999-2000.

Manufacturers' direct exports increased in six industry subdivisions and decreased in the other three between 1998-1999 and 1999-2000. The largest absolute and percentage increases in direct exports were recorded by Machinery and equipment manufacturing (up $251m - from $1,459m to $1,710m or 17.2%) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (up $204m - from $1,193m to $1,396m or 17.1%). Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up $135m - from $2,036m to $2,171m or 6.7%) had the next largest absolute increase. The largest dollar decrease was recorded by Metal product manufacturing (down $86m or 3.2% - from $2,719m to $2,632m) (this subdivision, however, recorded the largest increase in direct exports in 1998-99).

Direct exports by establishments employing 100 or more persons increased by $162m (or 2.8%), establishments employing 50-99 persons increased by $99m (or 10.7%) and establishments employing 0-49 persons increased by $264m (or 16.4%).

Graph - Exports as a proportion of goods produced, 1994-95 to 1999-2000



AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY

Turnover for the year 1999-2000 by manufacturing establishments operating in the Australian Capital Territory was $667.4m, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $245.4m. For turnover, this represents an increase of 25.1% (or $134m) on the figure recorded for 1998-99 ($533.6m). Manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 was 3,916 persons, an increase of 19.8% (or 647 persons) from the 3,269 persons recorded 12 months earlier. The percentage contribution by the Australian Capital Territory to total Australian manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 was 0.3% and 0.4% respectively, with employment at the end of June 2000
contributing 0.4% to the national figure.

Printing, publishing and recorded media again was the largest contributor to total manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 (40.5%), annual turnover (36.6%) and annual IVA (45.3%). Other large contributors were Machinery and equipment manufacturing (19.4%, 13.4% and 18.2% respectively) and Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (9.6%, 14.6% and 9.4% respectively). The smallest contributor again was Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (0.7%, 0.5% and 0.5% respectively).

Six of the nine industry subdivisions recorded an increase in the level of employment between June 1999 and June 2000, with the remaining three recording decreases. Metal product manufacturing recorded the largest percentage increase for employment (up 37.3% - from 236 persons to 324 persons), while Printing, publishing and recorded media recorded the largest increase in absolute terms (up 369 persons or 30.3%).

For turnover, seven of the nine industry subdivisions recorded an increase between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing had the largest percentage increase in turnover (up 73.7% - from $28.4m to $49.4m). Printing, publishing and recorded media recorded the largest increase in absolute terms (up $44.7m - from $199.5m to $244.2m or 22.4%). Of the two industry subdivisions to record a decrease, Wood and paper product manufacturing recorded the largest percentage decrease in turnover (down 7.5% - from $52.5m to $48.6m), while Machinery and equipment manufacturing recorded the largest decrease in absolute terms (down $4.6m or 4.8% - from $94.3m to $89.7m).

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