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3311.7.55.001 - Demography, Northern Territory, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/05/2004   
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OVERVIEW

This page replaces the previous hard copy publication, and shows 2002 details for the Northern Territory.


POPULATION
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
DEATHS
MIGRATION
MARRIAGES
DIVORCES
THE ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER POPULATION

Inquiries

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Geoff Brown on (08) 8943 2164 or geoff.brown@abs.gov.au. For details of terms refer to the Explanatory Notes and Glossary.




SUMMARY


In 2002 the Northern Territory's population represented approximately 1% of Australia's total population of 19.8 million. The Northern Territory had the highest male to female sex ratio at 111.1 males per 100 females as at 31 December 2002, and the lowest median age (30 years) of all states and the ACT.

POPULATION


The estimated resident population (ERP) of the Northern Territory (NT) at 31 December 2002 was 198,100 people (104,300 males and 93,800 females). During 2002 the Northern Territory's population increased by 0.1% (100), the second consecutive year that the NT's growth rate has been below 1%.

POPULATION, Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Estimated resident population('000)
169.7
198.0
198.1

Components of population change(a)
Natural increase(b)no.
2,968
2,930
2,806
Net overseas migration(c)no.
79
796
368
Net interstate migrationno.
-609
-2,049
-3,069
Total increase(d)no.
2,906
1,713
105

Annual growth rate

%

1.7

0.9

0.1

Estimated resident households(e)

('000)

52.1

69.2

np


np - not for publication as data are under review.
(a) From previous year.
(b) Births and deaths figures used to compile natural increase for population estimates are based on year of occurrence and may differ from births and deaths data based on year of registration displayed in the Births and Confinements table and the Deaths table below.
(c) Until 1997 net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories. For these years the sum of the components may therefore not equal net overseas migration.
(d) Includes intercensal discrepancy not accounted for by natural increase and net migration.
(e) At 30 June. Figures are based on 1996 census.

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE - NT
Graph - Components of Population Change, Northern Territory


Natural increase contributed 2,800 people to the population in 2002 and was the largest component of population growth in the Northern Territory. Net overseas migration added a further 370, while the net outflow due to interstate migration was 3,100 people. The above graph shows the contribution of the three components of change in the total population for the Northern Territory over the past six years.


BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS

There were 3,700 live births registered to mothers usually resident in the Northern Territory in 2002. The crude birth rate was 18.7 births per 1,000 population, down from 19.3 in 2001 but still significantly higher than the national rate of 12.8. There were 1,900 male births and 1,800 female births registered in 2002, giving a sex ratio of 106.3 males per 100 females within the Northern Territory.

BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Live births
Numberno.
3,742
3,822
3,724
Crude birth rate(b)rate
22.3
19.3
18.7
Total fertility rate(c)rate
2.383
2.303
2.281
Net reproduction raterate
1.123
1.072
1.067

All confinements
Numberno.
3,705
3,773
3,675
Median age of motheryears
26.3
27.9
28.1

Nuptial confinements
Numberno.
1,658
1,380
1,390
Median age of motheryears
29.4
31.3
31.3
Median age of fatheryears
31.9
33.4
33.6

First nuptial confinements
Numberno.
692
562
563
Median age of motheryears
28.0
30.2
30.1

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.
(b) Per 1,000 population.
(c) Per woman.

AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES(a), Selected age groups - NT
Graph - Age-Specific Fertility Rates per 1,000 females for Selected age groups for the years 2000, 2001 & 2002 in the Northern Territory
(a) Per 1,000 females

In 2002 the total fertility rate (TFR), which represents the number of children a female would bear during her reproductive lifetime based on current age-specific fertility rates, was 2.3, the highest fertility rate of all states and territories and above the national rate of 1.8. The median age of parents in the Northern Territory was 28.1 (mothers) and 31.6 (fathers) both below the national median of 30.2 and 32.5 years respectively.


DEATHS

In 2002 there were 910 registered deaths of persons usually resident in the Northern Territory. The 2002 total comprised 560 males and 350 females, a sex ratio of 161.0 male deaths per 100 female deaths. The sex ratio for the Northern Territory was again the highest of any state or the ACT. The national sex ratio was 106.3 in 2002.

There were 40 infant deaths in the Northern Territory in 2002 with a sex ratio of 121.0 male infant deaths to 100 female infant deaths. This compared with the sex ratio at birth of 106.3. The infant mortality rate (IMR) increased from 10.7 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2001 to 11.3 in 2002 and remained significantly higher than the national rate of 5.0.

DEATHS(a), Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Numberno.
776
872
911
Crude death raterate
4.6
4.4
4.6
Standardised death raterate
12.7
9.4
9.0

Median age at death
Malesyears
54.2
55.6
55.9
Femalesyears
59.4
61.4
55.8

Infant deaths
Numberno.
58
41
42
Infant mortality raterate
15.5
10.7
11.3

Life expectancy at birth
Malesyears
68.3
70.8
71.3
Femalesyears
72.5
76.5
76.7

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.

STANDARDISED DEATH RATE(a)
Graph - Standardised Death Rate for the Northern Territory and Australia
(a) Per 1,000 population


The crude death rate for 2002 was 4.6 deaths per 1,000 of total population, the same rate that applied in 1992. After standardisation for age, the death rate increased to 9.0 deaths per 1,000 of total population in 2002 which was above the national rate of 6.7. The standardised death rate (SDR) for males in the Northern Territory was 10.6 per 1,000 population compared with 7.4 for females. Nationally, the SDR for males was 8.2 and 5.5 for females.

In 2002 the median age at death in the Northern Territory was 55.9 years for males and 55.8 years for females which was significantly lower than the national median age at death of 76.2 years for males and 82.2 years for females. In the Northern Territory in 2002, male age-specific death rates exceeded female age-specific death rates for all age groups except 1-4 years and 5-14 years. The male infant death rate fell from 16.2 in 2001 to 11.9 in 2002, while the female infant death rate increased from 6.3 in 2001 to 11.1 in 2002.

In 2002 the leading causes of death for males and females both within the Northern Territory and nationally were Malignant neoplasms (cancer) and Heart diseases.


MIGRATION

In 2002 overseas migration was a positive component of population growth with more people choosing to settle in the Northern Territory from an overseas country than leaving the Northern Territory for overseas. This resulted in a net overseas migration gain of 370 people.

MIGRATION, Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Overseas migration - permanent and long-term movement(a)
Arrivalsno.
1,457
2,526
2,590
Departures no.
1,215
2,036
2,367
Net overseas migration(b)no.
79
796
368
Interstate migration
Arrivalsno.
17,046
14,751
15,113
Departures
Net interstate migration
no.
no.
17,655
-609
16,800
-2,049
18,182
-3,069


(a) Based on stated intention on arrival or departure.
(b) Includes migration adjustment. Please refer to the Explanatory Notes for further details. Net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories in 1992.

NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION - NT
Graph - Net Interstate Migration


The Northern Territory experienced a further loss from net interstate migration during 2002 with 3,100 more people leaving for other states and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) than arriving to settle in the NT. Throughout 2002 the largest net loss of interstate migrants was to Queensland (2,000).


MARRIAGES

There were 750 marriages registered in the Northern Territory in 2002, a decrease of 4% compared with 2001. The crude marriage rate was 3.8 marriages per 1,000 population, remaining well below the national rate of 5.4. Between 2001 and 2002 the median age for males and females marrying for the first time increased from 29.5 years to 29.9 years and decreased from 27.9 years to 27.7 years respectively. These median ages at first marriage in 2002 were higher than the national ages of 29.0 years for males and 27.1 for females.

MARRIAGES, Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Number registeredno.
860
781
747
Crude marriage rate(a)rate
5.1
3.9
3.8

Median age at marriage(b)
Bridegroomyears
30.4
32.1
32.3
Brideyears
27.8
29.9
29.4

(a) Per 1,000 population
(b) Includes all marriages


DIVORCES

Data for divorces granted during 2002 are not yet available.

DIVORCES, Northern Territory

1992
2001
2002

Number grantedno.
409
447
nya
Crude divorce raterate
2.4
2.3
nya

Median duration of marriage

years

10.2

10.3

nya

Median interval between marriage and final separation

years

6.7

7.1

nya

nya - not yet available


THE ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER POPULATION

The following includes information on births and deaths in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population (Indigenous population) usually resident in the Northern Territory. Care needs to be taken when interpreting year-to-year movements in these data due to the relatively small numbers and possible under-recording of Indigenous status in birth and death registrations. No data on the Indigenous population are available for marriages and divorces.

At 30 June 2001 the experimental estimated resident Indigenous population was 56,900. The Indigenous population comprised 29% of the total population of the NT, the highest proportion of any state or territory.

Indigenous births are defined as births in which one or both parents identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. In 2002 there were 1,500 Indigenous births in the Northern Territory. These births comprised 41% of all NT births, and represented the highest Indigenous fertility rate (2.77) within Australia. Of the states and territories, Indigenous mothers living in the Northern Territory had the lowest median age (23.7 years).

Of the 910 deaths registered in the Northern Territory in 2002, 460 (51%) were Indigenous deaths. There were 260 male and 200 female deaths registered, giving a sex ratio of 129.8 males for every 100 female deaths. This compares with a sex ratio of 161.0 for all deaths in the Northern Territory and 106.3 nationally. In 2002 the median age at death was 47.1 years for Indigenous males and 50.0 years for Indigenous females. These ages were considerably lower than the median age at death for the non-Indigenous Northern Territory population of 63.0 years for males (a 16 year difference) and 70.5 years for females (a 20 year difference). In 2002 there were 20 Indigenous infant deaths which comprised 57% of the total infant deaths recorded in the Northern Territory.

RELATED LINKS

3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics

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