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8687.0 - Clubs, Pubs, Taverns and Bars, Australia, 2000-01  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/06/2002   
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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 of this publication presents results, in respect of the 2000-01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of employing businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry. These businesses are classified to Class 5720, of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

This industry class includes hotels, bars and similar units mainly engaged in selling alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises, or in selling alcoholic beverages both for consumption on or off the premises (eg. from bottle shops at such premises). It does not include businesses mainly engaged in the provision of accommodation, retailing alcoholic beverages for consumption off the premises, or organisations mainly engaged in operating licensed clubs. Organisations mainly engaged in operating licensed hospitality clubs were included in a separate survey, for which results are shown in Chapter 2 of this publication.

This publication presents data dissected by businesses with gambling facilities and businesses without gambling facilities. Businesses with gambling facilities are those providing either poker/gaming machines, TAB facilities and/or Keno services to patrons.

In order to allow historical comparisons, it has been necessary to revise the 1997-98 data so that the basis for the estimates is consistent with that used for the 2000-01 survey. For more details, see paragraphs 3 to 5 of the Explanatory notes in this publication.


Size of industry


At the end of June 2001, there were 4,003 businesses operating at 4,627 premises in Australia, which represents a decrease of 12% and 7% respectively since the end of June 1998. Of the total number of premises, 1,987 (43%) were located in capital cities and suburbs and 2,640 (57%) were located in non-metropolitan areas.


Sources of income


The total income of businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry was $9,007m in 2000-01, which was a 13% increase since 1997-98. It should be noted that the industry income in 2000-01 excludes GST paid by consumers to businesses in the industry.


Expenses


The total expenses of businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry was $8,344m in 2000-01. This represented an increase of 14% since 1997-98.


Profitability


For 2000-01, businesses in the pubs, taverns and bars industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $709m, which represented an operating profit margin of 7.9%.


Employment


At the end of June 2001, employment in the industry was 84,158 persons, which was 7% more than at the end of June 1998. Of the total employment, 57,272 persons (68%) were casual employees. In 1997-98, 65% of total employment was casual employees.


TABLE 1.1 PUBS, TAVERNS AND BARS: KEY FIGURES

Businesses with
gambling facilities
Businesses without gambling facilities
All businesses
1997-98
2000-01
1997-98
2000-01
1997-98
2000-01

Businesses at end June no.
r2,755
2,566
r1,785
1,437
r4,540
4,003
Premises at end June
Capital cities and suburbs no.
na
1,411
na
576
na
1,987
Non-metropolitanno.
na
1,703
na
937
na
2,640
Total no.
r3,105
3,114
r1,859
1,513
r4,964
4,627
Premises at end June (a)
With poker/gaming machines no.
r2,462
2,542
. .
. .
r2,462
2,542
With Keno no.
r618
731
. .
. .
r618
731
With TAB betting facilities no.
r1,557
1,741
. .
. .
r1,557
1,741
Poker/gaming machines in use at end June (no.)no.
r45,595
55,662
. .
. .
r45,595
55,662
Employment at end June
Working proprietors and partners no.
r1,519
1,322
r1,150
722
r2,669
2,044
Permanent employees no.
na
19,264
na
5,578
r24,767
24,842
Casual employeesno.
na
45,669
na
11,602
r51,219
57,272
Total no.
r58,521
66,255
r20,134
17,902
r78,654
84,158
Income
Sale of liquor and other beverages $m
r4,359.9
4,606.5
r1,252.7
1,075.2
r5,612.6
5,681.7
Gambling income $m
r1,295.6
2,121.3
. .
. .
r1,295.6
2,121.3
Takings from meals and food sales $m
r501.0
642.7
r166.3
183.0
r667.4
825.7
Other $m
r272.3
270.0
r107.5
108.5
r379.8
378.5
Total $m
r6,428.8
7,640.5
r1,526.6
1,366.7
r7,955.4
9,007.2
Expenses
Labour costs$m
r1,124.0
1,482.3
r287.9
294.1
r1,411.9
1,776.4
Poker/gaming machine and other gambling taxes/levies $m
r346.2
590.3
. .
. .
r346.2
590.3
Purchases $m
r2,920.1
3,170.4
r760.9
637.3
r3,681.0
3,807.7
Other $m
r1,492.6
1,797.6
r390.4
371.9
r1,882.9
2,169.5
Total $m
r5,882.9
7,040.6
r1,439.1
1,303.3
r7,322.0
8,343.9
Operating profit before tax $m
r569.0
646.0
r88.6
62.7
r657.6
708.7
Operating profit margin %
r8.9
8.5
r5.8
4.6
r8.3
7.9
Industry value added $m
na
2,145.1
na
352.3
na
2,497.5

r revised
na not available
. . not applicable
(a) More than one gambling facility can be provided at the one premises. Therefore, the total number of licensed premises
will not be equal to the sum of the components.
Note: 1997-1998 figures have been revised since the previous publication. For details, see paragraphs 3 to 5 of
the Explanatory Notes.
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002


CLUBS (HOSPITALITY)


INTRODUCTION

Chapter 2 of this publication presents results, in respect of the 2000-01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of employing organisations in the clubs (hospitality) industry. These organisations are classified to Class 5740, of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

This industry class includes organisations mainly engaged in providing hospitality services (drinking facilities, gambling, meals and other hospitality services to members. As such, clubs whose main activity is the provision of sporting services, are not included within the scope of this industry.

As gambling services are an important aspect of the clubs (hospitality) industry, this chapter presents data dissected by clubs with gambling facilities and clubs without gambling facilities. Clubs with gambling facilities are those providing either poker/gaming machines, TAB facilities and/or Keno services to patrons.

In order to allow historical comparisons, it has been necessary to revise the 1997-98 data so that the basis for the estimates is consistent with that used for the 2000-01 survey. For more details, see paragraphs 3 to 5 of the Explanatory Notes in this publication.


Size of industry


At the end of June 2001, there were 2,911 organisations in the industry operating at 3,121 premises in Australia. Of the total number of premises, 1,126 (36%) were located in capital cities and suburbs and 1,995 (64%) were located in non-metropolitan areas.


Sources of income


The total income of organisations in the clubs (hospitality) industry was $6,297m in 2000-01, a 10% increase since 1997-98. It should be noted that the industry income in 2000-01 excludes GST paid by consumers to organisations in the industry.


Expenses


The total expenses of organisations in the clubs (hospitality) industry were $5,925m in 2000-01. This represented a 14% increase on the total expenses since 1997-98. Labour costs of $1,777m were the largest single expense item (30% of total expenses), an increase of 17% since 1997-98.


Profitability


For 2000-01, organisations in the clubs (hospitality) industry recorded a surplus of $374m, which represented an operating profit margin of 6.1%.


Employment


At the end of June 2001, there were 64,990 employees working for organisations in the clubs (hospitality) industry. This employment comprised 30,970 (48%) casual employees. In contrast, at the end of June 1998, 56% of employees were employed on a casual basis.


TABLE 2.1 CLUBS (HOSPITALITY): KEY FIGURES

Organisations with gambling facilities
Organisations without gambling facilities
All organisations
1997-98
2000-01
1997-98
2000-01
1997-98
2000-01

Organisations at end Juneno.
r2,077
1,952
r1,091
959
r3,168
2,911
Premises at end June
Capital cities and suburbsno.
na
738
na
388
na
1,126
Non-metropolitanno.
na
1,319
na
676
na
1,995
Total no.
r2,194
2,057
r1,093
1,064
r3,287
3,121
Premises at end June (a)
With poker/gaming machines no.
r2,122
2,023
. .
. .
r2,122
2,023
With Keno no.
r1,260
1,296
. .
. .
r1,260
1,296
With TAB betting facilities no.
r577
791
. .
. .
r577
791
Poker/gaming machines in use at end June no.
r91,905
112,127
. .
. .
r91,905
112,127
Employment at end June
Permanent staff no.
na
32,105
na
1,916
r27,613
34,020
Casual staff no.
na
27,972
na
2,998
r35,762
30,970
Total no.
r56,306
60,077
r7,069
4,914
r63,375
64,990
Income
Sale of liquor and other beverages $m
r1,328.1
1,278.8
r175.5
128.1
r1,503.6
1,406.9
Gambling income $m
r3,095.7
3,835.2
. .
. .
r3,095.7
3,835.2
Takings from meals and food sales $m
r414.2
502.4
r57.5
44.2
r471.7
546.6
Other$m
r475.7
419.2
r156.8
89.2
r632.5
508.4
Total $m
r5,313.6
6,035.6
r389.9
261.5
r5,703.5
6,297.1
Expenses
Labour costs $m
r1,397.9
1,699.3
r119.9
77.7
r1,517.8
1,777.0
Poker/gaming machine and other gambling taxes/levies $m
r691.2
770.7
. .
. .
r691.2
770.7
Purchases$m
r908.8
907.2
r122.5
90.8
r1,031.3
998.0
Other $m
r1,816.7
2,291.5
r124.4
87.4
r1,941.1
2,378.9
Total $m
r4,814.6
5,668.8
r366.8
255.8
r5,181.5
5,924.6
Operating surplus before tax $m
r506.3
367.7
*r24.3
*6.7
r530.6
374.4
Operating profit margin %
r9.6
6.2
*r6.4
*2.7
r9.4
6.1
Industry value added $m
na
1,974.8
na
73.3
na
2,048.1

r revised
na not available
. . not applicable
* estimate has a relative standard error of between 25% and 50% and should be used with caution
(a) More than one gambling facility can be provided at the one premises. Therefore, the total number of licensed premises will not be equal to the sum of the components.
Note: 1997-1998 figures have been revised since the previous publication. For details, see paragraphs 3 to 5 of the Explanatory Notes.
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002

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