Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
6202.0 - Labour Force, Australia, May 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/06/2004   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

MAY KEY FIGURES

Apr 2004
May 2004
Apr 04 to May 04
May 03 to May 04

Trend
Employed persons ('000)
9,651.1
9,669.5
18.4
2.4
%
Unemployed persons ('000)
573.2
569.3
-3.9
-8.8
%
Unemployment rate (%)
5.6
5.6
0.0
pts
-0.6
pts
Participation rate (%)
63.7
63.7
0.0
pts
0.1
pts
Seasonally Adjusted
Employed persons ('000)
9,696.3
9,655.2
-41.1
2.0
%
Unemployed persons ('000)
574.3
560.5
-13.8
-10.0
%
Unemployment rate (%)
5.6
5.5
-0.1
pts
-0.7
pts
Participation rate (%)
63.9
63.5
-0.4
pts
-0.2
pts

Employed Persons
Graph: Employed Persons

Unemployment rate
Graph: Unemployment rate


MAY KEY POINTS

TREND ESTIMATES (MONTHLY CHANGE)
  • EMPLOYMENT increased to 9,669,500.
  • UNEMPLOYMENT decreased to 569,300.
  • UNEMPLOYMENT RATE remained at 5.6%.
  • PARTICIPATION RATE remained at 63.7%.

SEASONALLY ADJUSTED ESTIMATES (MONTHLY CHANGE)

EMPLOYMENT
  • decreased by 41,100 to 9,655,200. Full-time employment decreased by 42,600 to 6,895,700 while part-time employment increased by 1,500 to 2,759,500.

UNEMPLOYMENT
  • decreased by 13,800 to 560,500. The number of persons looking for full-time work decreased by 8,900 to 415,000 and the number of persons looking for part-time work decreased by 4,900 to 145,500.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
  • decreased by 0.1 percentage point to 5.5%. The male unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage point, but the rounded estimate remained at 5.5%. The female rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points to 5.5%.

PARTICIPATION RATE
  • decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 63.5%.

NOTES

CAI IMPLEMENTATION

In October 2003, the ABS began the progressive implementation of computer assisted interviewing (CAI) into the LFS. Under CAI, interviewers record responses directly onto an electronic questionnaire in a laptop computer.

For the period October 2003 to January 2004 the CAI method was used on a random 10% sub-sample of survey interviews. The remaining 90% of interviews each month were conducted using the traditional 'pen and paper' method.

The sub-sample of survey interviews conducted using the CAI method was increased to 40% in February 2004 in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory, and remained at 40% in March 2004. In the remaining states and the Northern Territory, the proportion of interviews using the CAI method stayed at 10% for February and March 2004. The CAI method was used for 40% of interviews for all states and territories in April and May 2004, and will increase to 70% in June 2004.

Implementation of the CAI interviewing method is not expected to affect published estimates in any meaningful way. Nonetheless, the ABS is monitoring the situation carefully and has conducted a range of analyses on each month's data. These analyses have confirmed that any effect that the change in interview method may have had on survey responses to date has not materially affected the aggregate estimates for any month.

Subject to further analysis continuing to confirm that the change in method is not having a significant impact on survey estimates, the ABS intends to progressively increase the use of CAI. Users will continue to be informed of the progress of CAI implementation, including the results of further analyses, through updates in this publication.

INQUIRIES

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Michael Johnson on Canberra (02) 6252 6525.

PRINCIPAL LABOUR FORCE SERIES: TREND ESTIMATES

EMPLOYED PERSONS

The trend estimate of employed persons generally rose from a low of 7,637,500 in December 1992 to 9,054,500 in September 2000. The trend estimate then fell slightly to 9,033,700 in December 2000, before rising to 9,466,800 in March 2003. The trend estimate then fell for three months, before rising to stand at 9,669,500 in May 2004.

Graph: Employed Persons (Trend)
UNEMPLOYED PERSONS

The trend estimate of unemployed persons fell rapidly from 920,800 in September 1993 to 728,200 in July 1995. The trend estimate then rose to 771,600 in February 1997, before falling to 584,000 in September 2000. After rising to 685,700 in October 2001, the trend estimate has generally fallen to stand at 569,300 in May 2004.

Graph: Unemployed Persons (Trend)
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

The trend unemployment rate fell rapidly from 10.7% in August 1993 to 8.1% in July 1995. The trend estimate then rose slowly to 8.4% in February 1997, before falling to 6.1% in September 2000. After rising to 7.0% in September 2001, the trend estimate has generally fallen to stand at 5.6% in May 2004.

Graph: Unemployment Rate (Trend)



EMPLOYED PERSONS: TREND ESTIMATES

EMPLOYED MALES

TOTAL

From a low of 4,392,700 in December 1992, the trend estimate of employed males rose to 5,054,100 in September 2000. The trend then fell to 5,030,700 in February 2001, before generally rising to stand at 5,364,600 in May 2004.

Graph: Males Employed Total (Trend)
MALES EMPLOYED FULL TIME

From a low of 3,939,500 in November 1992, the trend estimate of males employed full time rose to 4,216,000 in April 1996. After remaining stable for a year, the trend then rose to 4,400,700 in August 2000. The trend then fell to 4,336,500 in July 2001, before generally rising to stand at 4,579,200 in May 2004.

Graph: Males Employed Full Time (Trend)
MALES EMPLOYED PART TIME

The trend estimate of males employed part time has risen 64% over the last 10 years, rising from 479,700 in May 1994 to 785,300 in May 2004.

Graph: Males Employed Part Time (Trend)

EMPLOYED FEMALES

TOTAL

The trend estimate of employed females rose from 3,244,700 in December 1992 to 4,247,400 in March 2003, with strong growth before mid 1995 and in late 2002. The trend estimate then fell to 4,220,200 in July 2003, before rising to stand at 4,304,900 in May 2004.

Graph: Females Employed Total (Trend)
FEMALES EMPLOYED FULL TIME

Apart from a flat period between mid 1995 and mid 1997, the trend estimate of females employed full time rose from 1,865,500 in August 1992 to 2,266,400 in March 2001. The trend then decreased to 2,216,500 in February 2002, before generally rising to stand at 2,334,300 in May 2004.

Graph: Females Employed Full Time (Trend)



FEMALES EMPLOYED PART TIME

The trend estimate of females employed part time has risen steadily over the last 10 years. The May 2004 trend estimate of 1,970,600 is 38% higher than the May 1994 estimate of 1,422,900.
Graph: Females Employed Part Time (Trend)

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.