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7503.0 - Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2001-02  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/09/2003   
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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION

This publication contains information on the value of agricultural commodities produced for all states, territories and Australia for the year ended 30 June 2002. It includes gross and local values of production and gross unit values for all major agricultural commodities. It also provides chain volume indexes from 1996-97 to 2001-02.

Please note that these data apply to the year ended 30 June 2002, and do not reflect the impact of the drought which has affected most areas of Australia since that time.


SYMBOLS AND OTHER USAGES

ABSAustralian Bureau of Statistics
ASAgricultural Survey
ACTAustralian Capital Territory
Aust.Australia
bbillion
ccents
EVAOestimated value of agricultural operations
GUVgross unit value
mmillion
n.e.i.not elsewhere included
n.p.not available for publication but included in totals where applicable
NSWNew South Wales
NTNorthern Territory
QldQueensland
rrevised data
RSErelative standard error
SASouth Australia
SEstandard error
Tas.Tasmania
Vic.Victoria
WAWestern Australia
$/kgdollars per kilogram
$/tdollars per tonne
$bbillion dollars
$mmillion dollars
-nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
. .not applicable
^data subject to sampling variability equal to or greater than 10%, but less than 25%
*data subject to sampling variability equal to or greater than 25%, but less than or equal to 50%
**data subject to sampling variability greater than 50%, estimate is not published


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

OVERVIEW

In 2001-02, the gross value of agricultural commodities produced in Australia increased by 16% to $39.6 billion. Increases were recorded for the gross values of crops, livestock slaughterings and other disposals, and livestock products. The most valuable agricultural commodities in 2001-02 were cattle and calf slaughterings and other disposals (up 11% to $7.1b), wheat (up 24% to $6.4b), milk (up 22% to $3.7b), wool (up 7% to $2.7b) and sheep and lamb slaughterings and other disposals (up 51% to $2.1b).

Graph showing value of production for selected agricultural commodities, 2002



CROPS

In 2001-02, the gross value of all crops increased by 15% to $21.4b. Increases were recorded for most of the major broadacre, fruit and vegetable crops.

The gross value of broadacre crops rose by 21% to $15.4b. Increases in both production and average prices saw increases in the gross values of wheat (up 24% to $6.4b), barley (up 28% to $1.7b), cotton (up 2% to $1.3b), sugar cane for crushing (up 51% to $989m) and oats for grain (up 81% to $251m). The gross value of canola also increased (up 24% to $675m), despite production remaining steady. In comparison, decreased plantings and production saw the gross value of rice fall by 7% to $327m.

The gross value of fruit and nut crops increased by 4% to $3.7b. For grapes (the highest value fruit crop), record production levels saw the gross value increase by 4% (to $1.6b) despite a 10% fall in the average price of wine grapes. Increases were also recorded for bananas (up 2% to $415m), apples (up 23% to $348m) and oranges (up 1% to $281m), with higher average prices offsetting lower production levels.

The gross value of vegetable crops increased by 4% to $2.3b. Increased production, combined with higher average prices, saw the gross values for most major vegetable crops rise. Potatoes were the highest value vegetable crop in 2001-02, and recorded a 6% increase in gross value to $485m. Increases were also recorded for mushrooms (up 12% to $184m), carrots (up 5% to $198m) and onions (up 36% to $163m). However, the gross value of tomatoes decreased by 11% to $230m, with a drop in production being partly offset by higher average prices.


LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERINGS AND OTHER DISPOSALS

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals increased by 17% to $11.4b in 2001-02, with increases recorded for all major livestock categories.

The gross value of cattle and calf slaughterings and other disposals increased by 11% to $7.1b. This resulted from increases in the gross value of cattle slaughtered and live cattle exported. The gross value of cattle slaughterings increased due to a 16% increase in the average price of cattle and calves slaughtered (up from $662 per head in 2000-01 to $769 per head in 2001-02), but was offset by a 4% fall in the number of animals slaughtered. The gross value of live cattle exports increased by 13% to $561m in 2001-02.

The gross value of sheep and lamb slaughterings and other disposals increased by 51% to $2.1b. This resulted from a 62% increase in the average price (to $55 per head) and a 51% increase in the value of live sheep exports (to $399m), but was offset by a drop in sheep and lamb slaughtering numbers which fell 10% to 31.8 million head.

The gross value of pig slaughterings and other disposals increased by 18% to $968m, as a result of an 8% increase in the number of pigs slaughtered and a 9% increase in average price (to $179 per head).

The gross value of poultry slaughterings and other disposals increased by 11% to $1.2b, the result of a 4% increase in the number of birds slaughtered and a 6% increase in the average price, to $2.70 per bird.


LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

The gross value of livestock products increased by 13% to $6.8b in 2001-02. Increases were recorded in the gross values of milk (up 22% to $3.7b, with production up 7% and average price up 14%) and wool (up 7% to $2.7b, with production down 9% but average price up 17%). In comparison, the gross value of eggs fell by 4% to $320m, with an 8% fall in production being partly offset by a 4% increase in average price.


MARKETING COSTS

Total marketing costs comprised $3.5b or 9% of the total gross value of agricultural production in 2001-02.

Marketing costs represent the difference between gross and local values. Although there are difficulties in obtaining complete information on marketing costs (which include freight, cost of containers, commission and other marketing charges) the information provides a perspective on the marketing costs of major commodities. It should also be noted that significant differences in the marketing costs for individual commodities may occur as a result of different marketing arrangements.

Marketing costs for crops were $2.4b, or 11% of the gross value of production for crops. Marketing costs among the more important crops were: wheat, $838m (or 13% of gross value); barley, $225m (or 13% of gross value); bananas, $108m (or 26% of gross value); potatoes, $80.5m (or 17% of gross value); apples, $58.6m (or 17% of gross value); and fresh tomatoes, $52.6m (or 26% of gross value).

Marketing costs for livestock slaughterings and other disposals were $901m or 8% of the total gross value for these commodities. For cattle and calf slaughterings and other disposals, these costs were estimated at $579m (8% of gross value), and for sheep and lamb slaughterings and other disposals, $210m (10% of gross value).

Marketing costs for livestock products were $198m or 3% of the total gross value for these commodities. For wool, these costs were $159m (6% of gross value) and for eggs, $39.3m (12% of gross value). As milk is collected at the farm gate by the processor, marketing costs are not calculated for this commodity.


STATE AND TERRITORY COMPARISONS

In 2001-02, New South Wales ($10.2b) had the highest value of agricultural production of all states, followed by Victoria ($9.3b), Queensland ($8.1b), Western Australia ($5.5b), South Australia ($5.2b), Tasmania ($903m), the Northern Territory ($321m) and the Australian Capital Territory ($19.6m).

New South Wales

The gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales increased by 16% to $10.2b in 2001-02. This represented 26% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops rose by 17% to $5.7b, with increases recorded for wheat (up 33% to $2.0b), cotton (up 4% to $930m), grapes (up 24% to $315m), canola (up 9% to $273m) and barley (up 17% to $264m). In comparison, the gross value of rice fell by 7% to $323m, with a 27% drop in production being partly offset by higher average prices.

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals in New South Wales increased by 22% to $2.9b. Increases were reported for all major livestock categories, with cattle and calves up by 15% to $1.6b, sheep and lambs up by 68% to $572m, poultry up by 6% to $452m and pigs up by 23% to $342m.

The gross value of livestock products increased by 4% to $1.6b. Wool increased in value by 2% to $1.0b, milk increased by 12% to $434m, and eggs increased by 2% to $115m.

Victoria

The gross value of agricultural production in Victoria in 2001-02 increased by 12% to $9.3b. This represented 23% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops increased by 2% to $3.7b. Increased production and higher average prices saw the gross value of grapes increase by 15% to $421m. Higher average prices (despite drops in production levels) saw increases in the values of barley (up 8% to $368m), canola (up 13% to $133m), potatoes (up 4% to $121m) and apples (up 13% to $115m). In comparison, the gross value of wheat fell by 7% to $732m, with a fall in production offset slightly by improved prices.

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals in Victoria increased by 19% to $2.4b. All categories of livestock recorded an increase in value. Cattle and calves increased by 12% to $1.2b, sheep and lambs increased by 48% to $699m, poultry increased by 9% to $309m, and pigs increased by 5% to $200m.

The gross value of livestock products increased by 20% to $3.1b, with increases in the value of milk (up 24% to $2.5b) and wool (up 13% to $569m).

Queensland

The gross value of agricultural production in Queensland in 2001-02 increased by 11% to $8.1b. This represented 20% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops increased by 15% to $3.9b. Higher average prices and increased production levels saw the value of sugar cane cut for crushing rise by 50% to $903m. The gross value of bananas also increased (up 4% to $360m), with increased prices offsetting a 12% fall in production. In comparison, the gross value of cotton fell by 4% to $397m, with falling production partly offset by improved prices.

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals increased by 10% to $3.7b. Cattle and calf slaughterings and other disposals rose by 9% to $3.2b, with higher average prices offsetting a drop in disposals. Increases were also recorded in the value of slaughterings and other disposals of pigs (up 17% to $208m), poultry (up 13% to $180m) and sheep and lambs (up 23% to $78.3m).

The gross value of livestock products increased by 2% to $501m, mainly due to an 11% increase in the gross value of milk (up to $257m). A fall in wool production saw the gross value of wool fall by 3% to $189m.

South Australia

The gross value of agricultural production in South Australia in 2001-02 increased by 18% to $5.2b. This represented 13% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops increased by 14% to $3.8b. Increased production saw increases in the value of wheat (up 22% to $1.3b), barley (up 19% to $588m) and potatoes (up 9% to $135m). However, lower average prices for wine grapes saw the gross value of grapes fall by 8% to $694m.

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals rose by 39% to $833m. Higher average prices and increased disposals saw increases for cattle and calves (up 18% to $273m) and sheep and lambs (up 71% to $330m).

The gross value of livestock products increased by 20% to $567m. The gross values of both wool and milk increased, up by 25% (to $322m) and 16% (to $225m), respectively.

Western Australia

The gross value of agricultural production in Western Australia in 2001-02 increased by 26% to $5.5b. This represented 14% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops increased by 35% to $3.8b. Increased production levels and higher average prices saw gross value increase for wheat (up 40% to $2.1b), barley (up 82% to $467m), lupins (up 38% to $215m) and canola (up 47% to $163m). However, the gross value of grapes fell by 5% to $97.1m, with falling average prices being partly offset by increased production levels.

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals in Western Australia rose by 14% to $1.1b. Increases were reported for cattle and calves (up 4% to $476m) and for sheep and lambs (up 29% to $398m).

The gross value of livestock products increased by 5% to $656m. Increases were reported for both wool (up 5% to $514m) and milk (up 10% to $113m).

Tasmania

The gross value of agricultural production in Tasmania in 2001-02 increased by 20% to $903m. This represented 2% of the total gross value of Australian agricultural production.

The gross value of crops rose by 12% to $393m, with increases in the values of potatoes (up 13% to $78.2m), apples (up 16% to $47.1m), onions (up 56% to $26.6m) and green peas (up 17% to $9.8m) being partly offset by decreases in the values of carrots (down 9% to $18.3m), grapes (down 36% to $7.5m) and cherries (down 30% to $4.6m).

The gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals increased by 20% to $193m, with increases reported for cattle and calves (up 12% to $131m) and sheep and lambs (up 70% to $39.0m).

The gross value of livestock products increased by 30% to $317m. Higher average prices and increased production levels saw increases in the gross value of milk (up 49% to $220m) and eggs (up 11% to $10.0m). The gross value of wool also increased (up 2% to $87.4m), with increased production offsetting a drop in average price.

Territories

The gross value of agricultural production in the Northern Territory in 2001-02 rose by 19% to $321m. Livestock slaughterings and other disposals increased by 23% to $247m. The total value of crops increased by 9% to $70.2m.

The gross value of agricultural production in the Australian Capital Territory in 2001-02 fell by 1% to $19.6m. A decrease in the value of crops was partly offset by increases in the value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals and the value of livestock products.

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