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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
DISTRIBUTION OF MIGRANTS, Migration category
Almost one-third (30%) of migrants were born in Europe and the former USSR. A further 18% were born in Southeast Asia, 18% in Oceania and Antarctica and 12% in Northeast Asia. More than one-third (35%) of migrants were born in a main English-speaking country. Of this group, 45% were born in the United Kingdom and Ireland and 41% in New Zealand.
More than half (55%) of all migrants arrived in Australia with a post-school qualification. Of these people 35% had a skilled or basic vocational qualification and a further 34% had a bachelor degree.
However, less than half (48%) of all migrants who arrived with a skilled or basic vocational qualification had their qualification recognised in Australia. Those with a bachelor degree or higher were most likely to have their qualification recognised in Australia.
Migrants with a post-school qualification obtained in the Oceania and Antarctica region, and in Europe and the former USSR were more likely to have had their qualification recognised in Australia (61% each). In comparison, less than one-third (30%) of migrants with post-school qualifications obtained in the Southeast Asian region had their qualification recognised.
In November 1999, 749,000 migrants (77% of males and 52% of females) were employed. Of these people, 74% had a job just before migration. Approximately 48% of those who had a job before migration had changed major occupation grouping since arriving in Australia. A high proportion of migrants (22%) were employed as Professionals. In addition 25% of females were employed as Intermediate clerical, sales and service workers, while 22% of males were employed as Tradespersons and related workers.
The unemployment rate for migrants was 6.8%. In comparison, the unemployment rate for all persons born outside Australia was 6.6% and for those persons born in Australia, 6.4%. The rate for male and female migrants was 5.8% and 8.1% respectively. The unemployment rate for migrants who were principal applicants was 6.2%, and 7.2% for partners of principal applicants. Migrants from New Zealand had an unemployment rate of 7.0%.
LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION
For those aged 18 to 64 years, the labour force participation rate for migrants was 73.7%, compared to 69.5% for persons born outside Australia and 77.8% for persons born in Australia. The rates for male and female migrants were 81.5% and 57.1% respectively. The participation rate for principal applicants who were sponsored was 65.2% and 94.3% for those sponsored by an employer. Migrants from New Zealand recorded a participation rate of 75.5%.
UNEMPLOYMENT AND PARTICIPATION RATES, Birthplace
Those migrants born in Northern America had the highest participation rate (82.2%) followed by those born in Oceania and Antarctica (75.4%). Migrants born in the Middle East and North Africa recorded the lowest participation rate (54.1%).
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