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3311.6.55.001 - Demography, Tasmania, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/05/2004   
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OVERVIEW

This page replaces the previous hard copy publication, and shows 2002 details for Tasmania.

POPULATION
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
DEATHS
MIGRATION
MARRIAGES
DIVORCES
REGIONAL SUMMARY

For comparisons between the states and territories of Australia, please refer to Demography, Australia, 2002 (cat. no. 3311.0.55.001). Demography publications for each state and territory can be accessed from the following links:


Additional state demographic data are also available from publications and data cubes linked at the foot of this page. The Demography Theme Page provides links to other Australian as well as international demography statistics. The National Regional Profiles provide economic and social statistics of Statistical Local Areas and Local Government Areas of Australia.


Inquiries

For further information about the statistics on this page contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Chris Sweeney on (03) 6222 5853 or c.j.sweeney@abs.gov.au.


POPULATION

At 31 December 2002 the Tasmanian resident population was estimated to have reached 474,300 persons (233,800 males and 240,500 females). Tasmania had 2.4% of Australia's population.

The population increase during 2002 was 2,120 persons (0.4%) and was composed of a natural increase of 1,970 persons, net overseas migration gain of 260 persons and a net interstate migration loss of 120 persons. The natural increase was the result of 6,000 births outnumbering 3,980 deaths. The last year in which Tasmania had a net interstate migration gain was 1991 (370 persons).

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
Graph - natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration, 1992-2002

Persons aged under 15 years comprised 21% of the Tasmanian population at 30 June 2002 compared with 23% at 30 June 1992. Over this ten-year period, persons aged 65 years and over increased from 12% to 14% of the population, while the proportion of persons aged 85 years and over increased from 0.9% to 1.6%. At 30 June 2002, females comprised 56% of persons aged 65 years and over and 69% of persons aged 85 years and over.

POPULATION, Tasmania, 31 December

1992
2001
2002

Estimated resident population('000)
471.0
472.2
474.3

Components of population change(a)
Natural increase(b)no.
3,254
1,946
1,974
Net overseas migration(c)no.
40
529
260
Net interstate migrationno.
-811
-1,886
-117
Total increase(d)no.
2,548
772
2,117

Annual growth rate

%

0.5

0.2

0.4

Estimated resident households(e)

('000)

174.5

190.9

np


np - not for publication as data are under review.
(a) From previous year.
(b) Births and deaths figures used to compile natural increase for population estimates are based on year of occurrence and may differ from births and deaths data based on year of registration displayed in the Births and Confinements table and the Deaths table below.
(c) Until 1997 net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories. For these years the sum of the components may therefore not equal net overseas migration.
(d) Includes intercensal discrepancy not accounted for by natural increase and net migration.
(e) 1992 figures are based on 1996 census; 2001 and 2002 figures are based on 2001 census.

BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS

In 2002 there were 5,910 confinements resulting in 6,000 live births registered to mothers usually resident in Tasmania. Registrations of births were 7% lower than in 2001 (6,430 births) and 14% lower than in 1992 (6,990 births). There were 3,020 male births and 2,990 female births registered in 2002, giving a sex ratio of 101.1 males per 100 females.

The total fertility rate (TFR), that is the average number of babies that a woman could expect to give birth to in her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates, was 1.964 babies per woman in 2002. Since 1975, TFRs have been below the rate of 2.1 babies per woman, which is the rate required for natural replacement of the population.

The highest TFR was recorded in the Southern Statistical Division (2.44). The Greater Hobart Statistical Division experienced the lowest TFR of 1.86.


The upward trend in median ages of parents continued in 2002, to a high of 30.7 years for mothers and 32.8 years for fathers, reflecting the tendency for couples having children later in life. The 25-29 year age group had the highest fertility rate of 123.1 babies per 1,000 women in 2002.

AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES
Graph - age-specific fertility rates, 1992, 1997 and 2002
(a) Births per 1,000 women


Indigenous births are defined as births in which one or both parents identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. In 2002 there were 390 Indigenous births registered to parents who were usually resident in Tasmania. These births comprised 7% of all Tasmanian births.


BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), Tasmania

1992
2001
2002

Live births
Numberno.
6,987
6,430
6,003
Crude birth raterate
14.9
13.6
12.7
Total fertility raterate
1.946
2.072
1.964
Net reproduction raterate
0.929
0.975
0.972

All confinements
Numberno.
6,894
6,324
5,914
Median age of motheryears
28.0
29.1
28.9

Nuptial confinements
Numberno.
4,927
3,605
3,134
Median age of motheryears
29.0
30.7
30.7
Median age of fatheryears
31.2
32.7
32.8

First nuptial confinements
Numberno.
2,015
1,489
1,275
Median age of motheryears
27.6
29.8
29.6

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


DEATHS

In 2002 there were 3,980 registered deaths of persons usually resident in Tasmania, an increase of 6% from 1992 when there were 3,740 deaths. The increase in the number of deaths over time reflects the increasing size of the population and in particular, the increasing number of older people. In 2002, there were 2,030 male deaths and 1,950 female deaths.

Despite the ageing of the Tasmanian population, there has been little movement in the crude death rates over the last 10 years. The crude death rate (CDR) was 8.4 deaths per 1,000 population in 2002. However, a fall in death rates is observed when the rates are standardised to eliminate the effect of the changing age structure of population over time. The standardised death rates (SDR) have fallen from 9.1 deaths per 1,000 standard population in 1992 to 7.6 deaths per 1,000 standard population.

The highest SDR was recorded in the Mersey-Lyell Statistical Division (7.8 per 1,000 population) with the lowest rate being recorded in the Greater Hobart statistical division (7.3 per 1,000 population).


The CDRs for males have been slightly higher than those for females in the last decade even though the male population has a younger age structure than the female population. In 2002 there were 8.7 male deaths per 1,000 males in the population compared with 8.1 female deaths per 1,000 females in the population. SDRs show that there are significant differences between the mortality experiences of the sexes. In 1992, the male SDR was 11.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population and 49% higher than the female SDR of 7.5 deaths per 1,000 standard population. In 2002, the male SDR was 9.4 deaths per 1,000 standard population and 52% higher than the female SDR of 6.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population.

DEATH RATES
Graph - crude and standardised death rates by sex, 1992 to 2002
(a) Deaths per 1,000 population


In 2002, the main underlying causes of death were malignant neoplasms (1,180 deaths) and ischaemic heart diseases (770 deaths). The standardised death rate for malignant neoplasms was 225 deaths per 100,000 population in 2002 compared with 220 in 1992 representing an increase of 2%. The standardised death rate for ischaemic heart diseases decreased 35% from 222 to 145 per 100,000 population between 1992 and 2002.


DEATHS(a), Tasmania

1992
2001
2002

Numberno.
3,739
3,876
3,979
Crude death raterate
8.0
8.2
8.4
Standardised death raterate
9.1
7.6
7.6

Median age at death
Malesyears
74.1
76.0
76.2
Femalesyears
79.4
81.2
81.9

Infant deaths
Numberno.
46
40
37
Infant mortality raterate
6.6
6.2
6.2

Life expectancy at birth
Malesyears
74.1
76.0
76.5
Femalesyears
79.2
81.2
81.3

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


MIGRATION

In 2002, more people migrated to Tasmania than left for interstate or overseas. There were 2,700 persons who arrived from overseas with the intention of staying for at least 12 months or more and 2,200 persons who departed from Tasmania with the intention of staying abroad for at least 12 months. Of the 14,600 persons who changed their usual residence from interstate to Tasmania (arrivals), 4,000 persons (27%) came from Victoria, 3,700 persons (26%) from New South Wales and 3,400 persons (24%) from Queensland. Of the 14,700 persons who changed their usual residence from Tasmania to another state or territory (departures), 4,700 persons (32%) moved to Victoria, 4,100 persons (28%) to Queensland and 2,700 persons (19%) to New South Wales. Tasmania's largest net gain was from New South Wales (1,000 persons) and largest net losses were to Victoria (700 persons) and Queensland (700 persons).

INTERSTATE MIGRATION, 2002
Graph - interstate migration, 2002, arrivals and departures, state to or from


MIGRATION, Tasmania

1992
2001
2002

Overseas migration - permanent and long-term movement(a)
Arrivalsno.
1,903
2,408
2,722
Departures no.
1,646
1,923
2,217
Net overseas migration(b)no.
40
529
260

Interstate migration
Arrivalsno.
10,999
12,438
14,560
Departuresno.
11,810
14,324
14,677
Net interstate migrationno.
-811
-1,886
-117


(a) Based on stated intention on arrival or departure.
(b) Includes migration adjustment. Please refer to the Explanatory Notes for further details.

MARRIAGES

In 2002, there were 2,610 marriages registered in Tasmania and at least one of the parties had been previously married in 1,030 (39%) of them. Ministers performed 1,000 (38%) marriages and 2,070 (80%) couples cohabited prior to their marriages. The crude marriage rate was 5.5 marriages per 1,000 persons residing in Tasmania.


MARRIAGES, Tasmania

1992
2001
2002

Number registeredno.
3,081
2,182
2,605
Crude marriage raterate
6.6
4.6
5.5

Median age at marriage
Bridegroomyears
28.8
31.2
31.6
Brideyears
26.2
29.0
29.1



DIVORCES

In 2001 there were 1,440 divorces granted in Tasmania, 8% higher than in 2000.

The Tasmanian crude divorce rate for 2001 was 3.1 per 1,000 population, compared to the Australian crude divorce rate of 2.8 per 1,000 population.

DIVORCES, Tasmania

1992
2001
2002

Number grantedno.
1,365
1,439
nya
Crude divorce raterate
2.9
3.1
nya

Median duration of marriage

years

10.7

13.3

nya

Median interval between marriage and final separation

years

7.9

9.7

nya

nya - not yet available


REGIONAL SUMMARY

The Greater Hobart Statistical Division (GHSD), which contained 42% of the Tasmanian population, had 42% of the State's births and 42% of the State's deaths in 2002. The GHSD's average total fertility rate over the three years 2000-2002 (1.86 births per woman) was less than the three-year average for the State (1.95 births per woman).

At 30 June 2002, the most populous Local Government Area (LGA) within Tasmania was Launceston, which had an estimated resident population of 62,600. Next came Clarence (49,600 persons), Hobart (47,500 persons), Glenorchy (44,100 persons), Kingborough (29,700) Devonport (24,200 persons), Central Coast (20,900 persons) and West Tamar (20,400 persons).

TEN MOST POPULOUS LGAS, 30 June 2002
Graph - 10 most populous local government areas, 2002



Demographic data for all Tasmanian SLAs are available from the data cube linked at the foot of this page.

RELATED LINKS

3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics

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