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NT ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS
1.1 NORTHERN TERRITORY BY REGIONS, SUMMARY
(a) Average annual growth rate.
(b) See Glossary.
(c) Includes higher education enrolments for Charles Darwin University only.
(d) Components may not add to totals due to rounding.
ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION
The estimated resident population in the Northern Territory (NT) at June 2004 was 199,913 with an average annual growth rate of 0.7% for the five years to June 2004. Population growth over the five years to June 2004 was unevenly spread across the NT, with a decrease in the populations of the Katherine and Barkly regions offsetting increases in the populations of the other four regions. At 30 June 2004 more than half of the NT population lived in Darwin SD and Environs (56%) with 35% of the total NT population residing in Darwin City SSD. Darwin SD and Environs had an average annual growth rate of 1.2% for the five years to June 2004, with Palmerston-East Arm SSD contributing significantly with an average annual growth rate of 4.0% over this period. The major regional centres of Alice Springs, Katherine and Tennant Creek accounted for 19% of the NT population at June 2004.
ESTIMATED RESIDENT INDIGENOUS POPULATION
The experimental estimated resident Indigenous population in the NT at June 2001 was 56,875, representing around 29% of the NT population, compared with around 2% nationally. Darwin Region Balance was estimated to have the highest proportion of Indigenous persons at 30 June 2001 (78%), while Darwin SD and Environs had the lowest (11%). More than nine out of every ten people were estimated to be Indigenous in the SLAs of Bathurst-Melville, West Arnhem, East Arnhem - Bal and Tennant Creek - Bal. In contrast, more than nine out of every ten people in Litchfield Shire SSD and Nhulunbuy SLA were estimated to be non-Indigenous.
AGE AND SEX STRUCTURE
Males continued to significantly outnumber females in the NT, with 111 males for every 100 females at 30 June 2004, compared to 99 males for every 100 females nationally. At 30 June 2003 males outnumbered females in every region, ranging from 113 males per 100 females in Darwin SD and Environs to 107 males per 100 females in Central Region. Females outnumbered males only in the 0-4 year age group in East Arnhem Region (51% female), and in the 65 years and over age group in Darwin Region Balance (52% female), East Arnhem Region (51% female) and Central Region (52% female).
The Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) Program, administered by the Australian Government Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR), provides much of the Indigenous employment in the Territory. Under the program, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people voluntarily forego their income support from Centrelink and take part in community development initiatives in return for wages equivalent to their foregone benefit. Participants are considered to be employed and so the program has a significant influence on NT labour force estimates. At June 2004 there were 7,968 CDEP participants in the NT, reflecting little change from June 2003 (7,916). Katherine Region and Darwin Region Balance had the highest numbers of participants employed under the CDEP Program at June 2004 (2,061 and 1,776 respectively) while Darwin SD and Environs had the smallest number of participants (451).
CDEP Participants—June 2004
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
At August 2004 there were 15,831 Indigenous students enrolled in the NT, representing 38% of all students. Indigenous students comprised 42% of all preschool enrolments, 39% of primary school enrolments and 35% of secondary school enrolments. During the five years to 2004 Indigenous student enrolments increased by 10% while non-Indigenous enrolments declined by 2%.
PRICES, INCOME AND EXPENDITURE
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
Between December quarter 2003 and December quarter 2004 the Consumer Price Index for Darwin rose 1.9% compared to a rise of 2.6% for the weighted average of Australia's eight capital cities. The greatest increases for Darwin were recorded for health (up 6%), housing (up 4%) and education (up 3%). The indexes for clothing and footwear and recreation decreased over the same period by 4% and 2% respectively.
In 2001-02 the average taxable income for individual taxpayers in the NT was $39,322 and the average net tax paid by them was $8,770. East Arnhem Region recorded both the highest average taxable income ($48,578) and average net tax paid ($11,949), while Barkly Region had both the lowest average taxable income ($35,899) and the lowest average net tax paid by individual taxpayers ($6,733). The SLA of Groote Eylandt had the highest average taxable income at $58,982, largely as a result of employment in mining activities in this area.
Selected Centrelink income support benefits
At June 2003 Central Region had the highest rate of persons receiving an Age Pension at 32.9 per 1,000 population, followed by Darwin SD and Environs (31.4). Darwin Region Balance recorded the highest rate of persons receiving Parenting Payment Single (39.2 per 1,000 population) and the highest rate of persons receiving Youth Allowance (33.5 per 1,000 population) at June 2003. The rate of Family Tax Benefit was highest in Darwin Region Balance at 137.1 per 1,000 population. Of the regions where Rent Assistance figures were available, the highest rate was recorded in Darwin SD and Environs (38.8 per 1,000 population).
Selected Veterans' pensions
At June 2004 there were 1,356 pensioners in the NT receiving one or more of Disability, Veteran or Partner Service or War Widow(er) Pensions from the Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA). Over three-quarters of these pensioners resided in Darwin SD and Environs (81%), with Central Region (10%) and Katherine Region (5%) having the next highest proportions. The Disability Pension was the most common form of payment (received by 745 pensioners in the NT) followed by Veteran Service Pension (294).
LAW AND PUBLIC SAFETY
In 2004 there were 32,760 traffic infringement notices issued by police in the NT, down 18% from 2003. Exceeding the speed limit remained the most common type of traffic infringement notice in the NT, accounting for almost three-quarters (72%) of all traffic infringement notices in 2004. This figure includes speed camera infringements which fall predominantly in Darwin SD and Environs and Central Region.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE APPLICATIONS
Domestic violence applications are the initiating document in a domestic violence matter. They can be lodged by individuals or by police. In 2004 there were 1,687 domestic violence applications lodged in the Magistrates Court, up 5% from 2003. Between 2003 and 2004 the proportion of applications lodged by individuals decreased slightly from 58% to 55% while the proportion of applications lodged by police increased from 42% to 45% over the same period. Domestic violence applications lodged by police outnumbered applications by individuals in three of the NT's six regions – Darwin Region Balance (69% of all applications), Barkly Region (62%) and East Arnhem Region (56%). In 2004 Barkly Region recorded the highest rate of domestic violence applications lodged per 10,000 population (207.2), which was nearly two and a half times more than the NT total application rate (84.4). In contrast, East Arnhem Region and Darwin SD and Environs recorded the lowest application rates (60.2 and 61.9 respectively).
CAUSES OF DEATH
During the period 1999-2003 the most prevalent causes of death in the NT were diseases of the circulatory system (including heart disease), accounting for 26% of all deaths, and malignant neoplasms (cancer) (20%). During the five years to 2003, the leading cause of death for the Indigenous population was diseases of the circulatory system (26% of Indigenous deaths, compared with 27% of non-Indigenous deaths). In contrast the leading cause of death for the non-Indigenous population was malignant neoplasms (cancer), accounting for 28% of non-Indigenous deaths, compared with 13% of Indigenous deaths.
During the three years to December 2004, changes in the average price of unleaded petrol in Darwin, Alice Springs, Katherine and Tennant Creek generally reflected changes in the eight capitals average, although NT average prices remained considerably higher. At December 2004 Alice Springs had the highest petrol price (118.3 cents per litre), followed by Tennant Creek (118.1 cents per litre), Darwin (110.8 cents per litre) and Katherine (110.1 cents per litre). The eight capitals average price for the same period was 100.6 cents per litre.
Average Unleaded Petrol Prices, Selected Areas
HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING APPROVALS
Building approvals data is an indicator of expected building activity. Between 2002-03 and 2003-04, approvals for new houses in the NT increased by 6% (from 514 to 545). Darwin SD and Environs accounted for 62% of all new house approvals in 2003-04, while Central Region accounted for 14%. Approvals for new other residential building in the NT increased by 39% between 2002-03 to 2003-04 (from 428 to 593). The vast majority of new other residential approvals in 2003-04 were in Darwin SD and Environs (95%), up from 84% of all new other residential approvals in 2002-03, followed by Central Region (3%), down from 11% in 2002-03.
New Residential Building Approvals
Of all tenants allocated public housing in the NT during 2003-04, 52% had waited six months and under, 18% had waited seven to 12 months, and 30% had waited more than a year. Applicants in Katherine and Barkly Regions experienced the shortest wait times, with the majority of tenants having waited less than six months or under (72% and 60% respectively). In contrast, applicants in East Arnhem and Central Regions experienced the longest wait times, with the majority of the tenants having waited more than 12 months (75% and 63% respectively).
MINING AND ENERGY
In 2003-04 all of the NT's manganese, bauxite and alumina was produced in the East Arnhem Region (where large mines are located at Groote Eylandt and Nhulunbuy) and amounted to 10.5m tonnes, an increase of 6% from the previous year. Gold production for the NT was 19.4m grams in 2003-04, down slightly from 20.3m grams in 2002-03. Central Region accounted for 93% (18.1m grams) of the gold produced, up from 88% (17.9m grams) in 2002-03. Between 2002-03 and 2003-04 production of silver in the NT increased by 23% from 2.3m grams to 2.8m grams. The amount of silver produced in the Central Region almost doubled during this period (up from 1.4m grams to 2.5m grams), resulting in Central Region accounting for 90% of all NT silver produced in 2003-04 compared to 62% the previous year. The production of non-metallic minerals decreased from 2.6m tonnes in 2002-03 to 1.4m tonnes in 2003-04. This can mainly be attributed to reduced demand for aggregate and rail ballast from quarry operations in the Katherine and Tennant Creek areas following the completion of the Darwin to Alice Springs railway.
VISITORS TO THE NT
In 2003-04 the Northern Territory Tourist Commission recorded 1.5 million visitors to the NT, a fall of 10% from the previous year, and continuing a decline in the total number of visitors to the NT since 1999-2000. Of the 1.5 million visitors to the NT in 2003-04, 50% visited the Top End, 39% visited Central Region, 14% visited Katherine Region and 9% visited Barkly Region. On average, visitors stayed 5.7 nights in the Top End compared with 3.8 nights in the Central Region, 3.4 nights in the Katherine Region and 2.4 nights in the Barkly Region. Interstate visitors accounted for 49% of all visitors to the NT in 2003-04, intra-territory visitors for 27% and international visitors the remaining 24%. Interstate visitors accounted for the highest proportion of visitors to each region, ranging from 46% of all visitors to the Central Region to 57% of all visitors to the Barkly Region. In the Top End 30% of visitors came from within the NT and 16% were from overseas, while 41% of all visitors to the Central Region were from overseas and only 13% were from within the NT. The Barkly and Katherine regions both had higher proportions of visitors from within the NT (57% and 55% respectively) than from overseas (11% and 13% respectively).
In 2003-04 visitors to the Top End accounted for 57% of all visitor expenditure, followed by visitors to the Central Region (34%), Katherine Region (6%) and Barkly Region (3%). Because the Top End region had the longest average length of stay, visitors spent most overall in that region, followed by Central Region.
NORTHERN TERRITORY ECONOMY
NORTHERN TERRITORY GROSS STATE PRODUCT
In 2003-04 the NT Gross State Product (GSP) (at current prices) was $9,494m, an increase of 3.5% from the previous year. NT GSP contributed 1.2% to Australia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
In 2003-04 NT GSP (at current prices) was $47,783 per capita, which was $7,136 (17.6%) higher than Australia's GDP per capita. NT GSP per capita has been greater than the national average each year since the ABS began to produce GSP estimates (in 1989-90).
LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE
In 2003-04 the Darwin City Council recorded the highest total revenue ($51.7m) and the highest level of total expense ($48.4m) of all seven municipalities in the NT. Grants were a significant component of total revenue for the smaller municipal councils with Litchfield Shire Council and Tennant Creek Town Council receiving 39% and 33% of their budgets from grants. In contrast the larger councils such as Darwin and Palmerston City Councils received 10% and 15% respectively of their budgets from grants. Similarly, grants were a major component of total revenue for the Community Government Councils (CGCs) and Incorporated Associations (IAs), comprising half (50%) of the budgets of all CGCs and IAs in the NT in 2003-04.
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