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Agricultural businesses in the Northern Territory were less likely to report that they considered the climate on their holding had changed (31.8%), compared to a high of 74.2% in Victoria. Of agricultural businesses in the Northern Territory reporting a perceived change in climate on their holding, 78.9% reported changes in rainfall patterns and 32.8% more extreme weather events. More agricultural establishments in the Northern Territory reported warmer temperatures had affected their holding than in other states and territories (61.2%). Of the Western Australian agricultural businesses that reported a perceived change in the climate affecting their holdings, 50.2% reported more extreme weather events.
IMPACTS ON HOLDING
Of all agricultural businesses, 65.6% reported that they considered the climate affecting their holding had changed and 62.4% reported the perceived change in climate had an impact on their holding. The most commonly reported impact to the holding was a decreased level of production (88.8%), followed by an increased frequency or extent of pests, weeds or disease (55.5%). In contrast, a small number of agricultural businesses reported a decreased frequency or extent of pests, weeds or disease (19.5%) and an increased level of production (15.2%).
Of the 65.6% of agricultural businesses that reported they considered the climate affecting their holding had changed, a decreased level of production was the most commonly reported impact in all states and territories, ranging from 90.3% in Victoria to 66.4% in the Northern Territory.
Queensland and New South Wales reported the largest increase in frequency or extent of pests, weeds or disease (58.5% and 58.0% respectively) on their holding as a result of a perceived change to climate, while the Northern Territory reported the lowest (45.8%).
Agricultural businesses in South Australia reported the largest decrease in the frequency or extent of pests, weeds or disease (22.9%) on their holding as a result of a perceived change to climate, while Tasmania reported the lowest (10.4%).
In Western Australia, 20.4% of agricultural businesses reported an increase in the level of production on their holding as a result of a perceived change to climate, compared to just 13.5% of agricultural businesses in South Australia.
CHANGES TO MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Of the 98,661 agricultural businesses reporting that they considered the climate affecting their holding has changed, 75.4% reported that they had changed their management practices as a result of this perceived change.
The most commonly reported changed management practice was changed intensity of cropping (69.3%), followed by changed watering/irrigation practices (32.7%) and changed rotation or fallow practices (31.9%).
The state or territory with the highest reported change in management practice in response to the perceived change in climate affecting their holding was Victoria (58.0% of all agricultural businesses) and the lowest was the Northern Territory (14.9% of all agricultural businesses).
The management practice with the highest reported change, across all states and territories except the Northern Territory, was a change in the intensity of cropping and/or grazing. In the Northern Territory, changed watering/irrigation practices was the highest reported change in management practice (56.1%). A change in the time of planting and/or harvesting was most commonly reported in the Northern Territory (43.0%) and Western Australia (40.4%).
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