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8221.4 - Manufacturing Industry, South Australia, 1999-2000  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/12/2001   
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ANNUAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY COLLECTION

The 1999-2000 collection was conducted as a sample survey of approximately 17,000 manufacturing establishments nationally, which were requested to provide data on employment, wages and salaries, turnover, purchases and whether their products were exported. A sub-sample of approximately 7,000 establishments was also asked to provide detailed structural and performance data, and value of sales for commodities produced.


ABOUT THIS ISSUE

The 1999-2000 series of these publications, Manufacturing Industry, Australia (Cat. no. 8221.0) and Manufacturing Industry, [State], (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6) will be the last that present data for manufacturing establishments. Future manufacturing collections will no longer collect data from manufacturing establishments. Starting with the 2000-01 manufacturing collection, data will be sought from a sample of approximately 9,000 manufacturing businesses nationally. For more details, see the Appendix.

The ABS continues to use Australian Taxation Office (ATO) information on group employer (GE) registrations to delete from the ABS business register those businesses which have ceased trading or are no longer employing staff. The ABS has for some time used GE information to add new businesses to the business register; however, GE information to delete businesses from the business register was first used for the 1998-99 collection. For more details, see paragraphs 12-14 of the Explanatory Notes.


REGIONAL DATA

For information about the availability of sub-State estimates from the 1999-2000 collection, see paragraph 26 of the Explanatory Notes.


DATA TO BE RELEASED IN OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Detailed manufacturing industry statistics for each State are being released progressively in a series of publications, Manufacturing Industry, [State], 1999-2000 (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6). The publication for New South Wales (Cat. no. 8221.1) also contains selected data for the Australian Capital Territory.

Management unit data and a wide range of manufacturing related ABS data, as well as data from other sources, will be presented in the compendium publication Manufacturing, Australia, 2001 (Cat. no. 8225.0), to be released in February 2002. Management unit data at the total manufacturing level are also included in Business Operations and Industry Performance, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8140.0).


MAIN FEATURES


OVERVIEW

Turnover for the year 1999-2000 by manufacturing establishments operating in South Australia was $21,442m, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $6,179m. For turnover, this represents a 6.6% increase in current price terms from the $20,110m recorded for 1998-99. These manufacturing establishments employed 84,000 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $3,085m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000.

The percentage of Australian manufacturing employment in South Australia at the end of June 2000 was 9.2%, an increase of 0.2 percentage points on that reported at the end of June 1999. The South Australian industry subdivision which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 at the industry subdivision level was Machinery and equipment manufacturing (14.3%).

The percentage contribution by South Australia to total Australian manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 was 9.4% and 9.0% respectively. For turnover, this represents an increase of 0.2 percentage points on the contribution reported in 1998-99, while for IVA, it represents a decrease of 0.2 percentage points on the contribution reported in 1998-99. The South Australian industry subdivision which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 at the industry subdivision level was again Machinery and equipment manufacturing (17.8% and 13.9% respectively).


INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

IVA for 1999-2000 was $6,179m. The industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to total manufacturing IVA and the most notable industry classes (where publishable) or groups within those subdivisions (as a percentage of South Australia's total manufacturing IVA) were:

  • Machinery and equipment manufacturing (29.4%), where the industry group Motor vehicle and part manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 281 at 14.3%) was, by far, the most substantial, with significant contributions also by the industry classes Electrical equipment manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2859 at 2.8%) and Household appliance manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2851 at 2.3%).
  • Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (27.5%), where the industry class Wine manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2183 at 14.0%) was, by far, the most substantial.
  • Metal product manufacturing (11.5%), where the industry class Basic iron and steel manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2711 at 2.5%) was the most substantial.

Graph - Distribution of IVA and employment across industries


Industry classes making a notable contribution to industry value added and not included in the subdivisions listed above included Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421 at 3.2%), Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412 at 1.8%) and Plastic injection moulded product manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2566 at 1.8%).

The South Australian manufacturing industry subdivisions in 1999-2000 with the highest IVA per person employed were Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing at $110,800 per person employed, Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (at $90,200) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (at $86,800). In 1998-99, the rank order of these last two industry subdivisions was the reverse. This means that Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing has fallen from the first ranked industry in 1997-98 to be the third ranked industry in 1999-2000. Over this same three year period, Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing has risen from the fifth ranked industry to be the second ranked industry.


EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES

The South Australian manufacturing industry employed 84,000 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $3,085m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000. This represents an average of $36,700 paid in annual wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June 2000, an increase of 1.1% on the $36,300 recorded twelve months earlier. (Readers should note that the employment figure in this average measures the number of persons employed at the end of June and includes working proprietors. The wages and salaries figure excludes the drawings of working proprietors.)

Graph - Employment



South Australian manufacturing employment decreased from June 1995 (89,700 persons) to June 1997 (85,100 persons), then rose in June 1998 (86,600 persons) only to fall again in June 1999 (83,500 persons). Employment in the South Australian manufacturing industry increased by 0.6% or 500 persons between June 1999 and June 2000 (84,000 persons). Over the five years from June 1995 to June 2000, employment fell by 6.4% or 5,700 persons.

Between June 1999 and June 2000, employment increased in five of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions and decreased in the other four. Wood and paper product manufacturing recorded the largest increase in both percentage and absolute terms (up 17.4% or 1,000 persons). The industry subdivisions with the next largest percentage increases were Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (up 14.7% or 400 persons) and Other manufacturing (up 14.3% or 600 persons). The industry subdivisions with the largest percentage decreases were Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (down 12.5% or 500 persons) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (down 9.2% or 600 persons). Machinery and equipment manufacturing recorded the largest decrease in absolute terms (down 700 persons or 2.3%).

Over the five year period from June 1995, employment in Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing has fallen by 35.5% (from 5,300 persons to 3,400 persons), which is (by far) the largest percentage decrease. Over this five year period, the largest decrease in absolute terms was recorded by Machinery and equipment manufacturing (down 2,600 persons or 8.4% - from 30,600 persons to 28,100 persons).

Average wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June rose in five manufacturing industry subdivisions and fell in the other four between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage increases in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:
  • Printing, publishing and recorded media (up 7.3% - from $34,400 to $36,900), where 5 (out of 7) industry classes recorded an increase. The main influences on the subdivision result were Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412) (up 8.2% - from $28,800 to $31,100) and Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421) (up 7.7% - from $42,300 to $45,600). Together, these two industry classes accounted for approximately 70% of both employment and wages and salaries in this industry subdivision.
  • Machinery and equipment manufacturing (up 6.3% - from $38,200 to $40,600), where 16 (out of 28) industry classes recorded an increase. The main influences on the subdivision result were the industry groups Motor vehicle and part manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 281) (up 7.8% - from $40,600 to $43,800), Electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 285) (up 9.7% - from $32,600 to $35,700) and Photographic and scientific equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 283) (up 11.6% - from $35,000 to $39,100). However, the decrease recorded by the industry group Industrial machinery and equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 286) (down 7.1% - from $35,700 to $33,200) had a moderating effect on the size of the increase for this subdivision. Between them, these four ANZSIC Groups accounted for over 85% of both employment and wages and salaries in this industry subdivision.
  • Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up 5.3% - from $33,000 to $34,800), where 14 (out of 21) industry classes recorded an increase. Wine manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2183) (up 20.4% - from $34,100 to $41,100) was the most influential class in the subdivision, maintaining its share of employment at 25% for both June 1999 and June 2000 but increasing its share of wages and salaries from 26.3% to 29.9% between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage decreases in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:
  • Other manufacturing (down 13.8% - from $27,700 to $23,900), where 6 (out of 9) industry classes recorded a decrease, with the largest being Wooden furniture and upholstered seat manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2921) (down 20.9% - from $28,400 to $22,400).
  • Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing (down 10.1% - from $32,000 to $28,700), where 5 (out of 6) industry groups recorded a decrease. However, Clothing manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 224) (up 9.4% - from $24,000 to $26,300) as the largest contributor to both employment and wages and salaries, and the only group to record an increase, had a moderating effect on the size of the decrease.

Industry groups belonging to other industry subdivisions and which had the largest percentage increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:
  • Ceramic manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 262) (up 24.0% - from $31,300 to $38,800);
  • Sheet metal product manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 275) (up 17.3% - from $29,100 to $34,100); and
  • Basic chemical manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 253) (up 14.5% - from $46,200 to $52,900).


TURNOVER

Turnover rose, in current price terms, by $1,332m to $21,442m for 1999-2000. This represents a 6.6% increase on the $20,110m recorded for 1998-99.

All nine manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded an increase in turnover between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. Machinery and equipment manufacturing, Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing and Metal product manufacturing remain the largest contributors to total manufacturing turnover. The largest increase in dollar terms was recorded by Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up $325m or 7.1%), while Wood and paper product manufacturing recorded the largest percentage increase (up 21.7% or $245m).

The industry groups (where publishable) with the largest dollar increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Beverage and malt manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 218) (up $241m or 11.3%), which includes the industry class Wine manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2183) (up $221m or 13.0%);
  • Motor vehicle and part manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 281) (up $166m or 3.2%);
  • Other transport equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 282) (up $100m or 54.7%); and
  • Paper and paper product manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 233) (up $99m or 20.3%).

The industry group with the largest dollar decrease between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 was Industrial machinery and equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 286) (down $100m or 15.8%).


WINE

Turnover for Wine manufacturing in South Australia for 1999-2000 was 53.8% of the national total for the industry, up from 51.2% for 1998-99. The increase in Wine manufacturing turnover in South Australia accounted for 87.9% of the national increase in the industry between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. For IVA, Wine manufacturing in South Australia increased to 57.5% of the national total for the industry in 1999-2000, up from 53.3% in 1998-99, and accounting for 89.1% of the industry's increase for Australia between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.


EXPORTS

For 1999-2000, South Australian manufacturers directly exported $3,638m of the goods that they produced. This represents an increase of 19.1% on the $3,054m recorded for 1998-99. Exports as a proportion of total sales and transfers out of goods produced has increased each year, from 13.8% for 1994-95 to 18.0% for 1999-2000.

Graph - Exports as a proportion of goods produced



Manufacturers' direct exports increased in seven industry subdivisions and decreased in the other two between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. The main contributions to the overall increase were made by Machinery and equipment manufacturing (up $345m or 31.5% - from $1,094m to $1,439m) and Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up $130m or 15.3% - from $850m to $979m). The industry subdivisions to record a decrease were Printing, publishing and recorded media (down 9.5% or $3m - from $28m to $25m) and Metal product manufacturing (down 3.6% or $24m - from $684m to $659m).

Direct exports by establishments employing 100 or more persons increased by $346m (or 13.2%), establishments employing 50-99 persons increased by $181m (or 138.4%) and establishments employing 0-49 persons increased by $57m (or 18.4%).

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