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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2009–10  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/06/2010   
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Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Table 20.17 shows the quantities produced of selected manufactured commodities for the period 2004-05 to 2007-08.

The largest increases between 2004-05 and 2007-08 were experienced in the production of premixed concrete and alumina. Production of these commodities increased by 16% and 13% respectively.

Over the same period, the largest declines in production were recorded by clay bricks, and cars and station wagons for fewer than 10 people (both falling by around 14%), butter and unfortified wine (both falling by just under 13%), and brandy spirit (12%).

All of the selected petroleum products experienced a decrease in production between 2004-05 and 2007-08, with fuel oil production falling the most with a decrease of 10%. Production of automotive diesel oil and automotive gasoline both fell by 5% over this period, although production of both commodities fluctuated in the years between 2004-05 and 2007-08.

Among the metal products, after alumina, the largest increase in production was for raw steel (10%), followed by pig iron (6%). For the selected food products and beverages, the production of both chicken meat and red meat increased (by 6% and 3%, respectively).

20.17 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
Percentage change from 2004-05 to 2007-08

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than ten persons no.
398 819
352 002
334 863
342 688
-14.1
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy spirit '000 L
578
535
510
508
-12.1
Unfortified wine '000 L
1 400 074
1 397 754
946 996
1 221 726
-12.7
Red meat '000 t
3 142
3 092
3 292
3 226
2.7
Chicken meat '000 t
750
773
812
797
6.3
Milk ML
10 124
10 090
9 583
9 212
-9.0
Cheese '000 t
388
373
364
359
-7.5
Butter(a) '000 t
147
146
133
128
-12.9
Beer ML
1 685
1 714
1 706
1 677
-0.5
Sugar(b) '000 t
5 234
5 063
5 026
4 763
-9.0
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool(c) t
70 901
53 253
na
na
na
Wool and man-made fibre tops(c) t
17 313
4 572
na
na
na
Wool yarn(d) t
2 390
1 362
1 137
na
na
Cotton yarn(c) t
5 432
np
na
na
na
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasoline ML
17 913
16 528
17 732
17 079
-4.7
Fuel oil ML
1 092
1 048
942
979
-10.3
Automotive diesel oil ML
12 822
10 154
11 055
12 177
-5.0
Aviation turbine fuel ML
5 325
5 216
5 332
5 182
-2.7
Alumina '000 t
17 161
17 826
18 506
19 359
12.8
Pig iron '000 t
5 969
6 195
6 337
6 307
5.7
Raw steel(e) '000 t
7 395
7 866
8 010
8 121
9.8
Selected paper and wood products
Paper and paperboard(f) '000 t
3 244
3 221
3 192
3 281
1.1
Wood based panels(g) ’000 m3
1 894
1 944
1 743
1 800
-5.0
Selected building materials
Portland cement '000 t
8 925
8 910
9 380
9 839
10.2
Clay bricks m
1 705
1 606
1 570
1 459
-14.4
Premixed concrete ’000 m3
22 915
23 914
24 932
26 593
16.1

na not available
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes the butter equivalent of butter oil, butter concentrate, ghee and dry butterfat production.
(b) Raw tonnes actual.
(c) Collection ceased in June 2006.
(d) Collection ceased in June 2007.
(e) Includes recovery from scrap.
(f) Includes newsprint, printing and writing, household and sanitary and packaging and industrial.
(g) Includes plywood, particleboard and medium density fibreboard.
Source: ABS Australian Wine and Grape Industry, (1329.0); ABS Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0); ABS Manufacturing Production, Australia, (8301.0.55.001); ABS data available on request, Manufacturing Production Survey; Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE), 'Australian Commodity Statistics, 2008' and 'Australian Forest and Wood Product Statistics, September and December quarters, 2008'.


International trade in manufactured commodities

Principal commodities exported

Table 20.18 provides details of 20 selected manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, for the periods 2007-08 and 2008-09. These commodities contributed 36% in total of the value of all merchandise exports in 2008-09.

Gold (non-monetary excluding gold ores and concentrates), petroleum, petroleum products and related materials and non-ferrous metals were the only three of these selected commodities to each contribute more than 4% to the total value of merchandise exports in 2008-09, contributing 7%, 5% and 5% respectively.

Between 2007-08 and 2008-09, the value of exports for road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles) fell by 20% ($0.9b), while the value of exports for petroleum, petroleum products and related materials fell by 17% ($2b). In 2008-09, the value of exports increased for 13 of the 20 selected commodities. The value of exports of gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) increased by 40% ($5b). The value of exports of cereal and cereal preparations increased by 38% ($2b) in 2008-09 (representing 3% of the total value of Australian exports), while the value of exports of transport equipment (excluding road vehicles) rose by 25% ($0.3b).

20.18 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

2007-08
2008-09
Change from
2007-08 to
2008-09
Share of
total exports
2008 - 09
Commodity group(a)
$m
$m
%
%

Non-ferrous metals
12 611.5
11 027.3
-12.6
4.8
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
13 219.0
11 032.0
-16.5
4.8
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
12 045.9
16 892.8
40.2
7.3
Meat and meat preparations
6 542.1
7 452.7
13.9
3.2
Cereals and cereal preparations
4 973.4
6 881.1
38.4
3.0
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
3 947.8
4 029.4
2.1
1.7
Road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles)
4 591.1
3 675.2
-19.9
1.6
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)
2 994.6
2 562.5
-14.4
1.1
Beverages
2 831.3
2 644.2
-6.6
1.1
Dairy products and birds' eggs
2 622.0
2 569.7
-2.0
1.1
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (including non-electrical counterparts of electrical domestic equipment)
1 872.4
1 717.3
-8.3
0.7
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
1 887.4
2 219.1
17.6
1.0
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
1 711.1
1 887.3
10.3
0.8
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1 735.6
1 937.3
11.6
0.8
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1 119.2
1 186.1
6.0
0.5
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1 066.5
1 147.9
7.6
0.5
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
1 129.2
1 412.9
25.1
0.6
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
771.9
889.3
15.2
0.4
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
907.9
1 097.7
20.9
0.5
Cork and wood manufactures (excluding furniture)
159.0
164.7
3.6
0.1

(a) Based on the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC R4).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Principal commodities imported

Table 20.19 provides details of 20 selected manufactured commodities imported into Australia, for the periods 2007-08 and 2008-09. These commodities contributed 75% in total of the value of all merchandise imports in 2008-09.

In comparing the main commodities Australia exported with the main commodities imported in terms of value, it is apparent many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

Of the selected commodities imported into Australia in 2008-09, the major commodity by value was petroleum, petroleum products and related materials, which made up 13% of imports.

In 2008-09, the value of imports increased for 16 of the 20 selected commodities. The value of imports of gold (non-monetary excluding gold ores and concentrates) increased by 54% ($4b) and iron and steel increased by 49% ($2b). Conversely, the largest decrease in the value of imports in percentage terms in 2008-09 was for transport equipment (excluding road vehicles), with a fall of 41% ($2b), followed by road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles), with a fall of 19% ($5b).

20.19 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

2007-08
2008-09
Change from
2007-08 to
2008-09
Share of
total imports
2008-09
Commodity group(b)
$m
$m
%
%

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)
26 078.8
21 195.0
-18.7
9.7
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
29 376.7
27 385.5
-6.8
12.5
General industrial machinery and equipment, nes and machine parts, nes
9 722.2
12 083.8
24.3
5.5
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
11 150.1
11 647.2
4.5
5.3
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
8 612.5
9 014.1
4.7
4.1
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (including non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
9 051.1
10 162.3
12.3
4.6
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
7 988.1
9 080.2
13.7
4.1
Machinery specialised for particular industries
7 858.4
7 959.5
1.3
3.6
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
7 316.1
11 250.9
53.8
5.1
Manufactures of metals, nes
4 841.8
5 710.9
17.9
2.6
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
4 585.2
5 523.5
20.5
2.5
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, nes
4 426.2
5 012.7
13.3
2.3
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
5 812.0
3 417.8
-41.2
1.6
Iron and steel
3 720.9
5 529.8
48.6
2.5
Power generating machinery and equipment
4 447.6
5 350.3
20.3
2.4
Organic chemicals
3 463.3
3 429.9
-1.0
1.6
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
2 731.2
2 837.1
3.9
1.3
Rubber manufactures, nes
2 516.6
2 705.9
7.5
1.2
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and related products
2 500.5
2 594.0
3.7
1.2
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes
2 481.4
2 791.7
12.5
1.3

(a) Customs value.
(b) Based on the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC R4).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.



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