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1234.0 - Australian Standard Offence Classification (ASOC), 1997  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/10/1997   
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Contents >> Chapter 3: Definitions >> 06 Robbery, Extortion and Related Offences

Division 06 - Robbery, Extortion and Related Offences

Acts intended to unlawfully gain money, property or other thing of value from, or to cause detriment to, another person by using the threat of force or any other coercive measure.

This division is further disaggregated on the basis of whether or not the act involved only the use and/or threatened use of immediate force or violence.

Offences in this division are classified into the following subdivisions:

    061 Robbery
    062 Blackmail and Extortion


Subdivision 061 - Robbery

The unlawful taking of property, with intent to permanently deprive the owner of the property, from the immediate possession, control, custody or care of a person, accompanied by the use, and/or threatened use of immediate force or violence.

This subdivision is further disaggregated on the basis of whether or not the robbery involved aggravating circumstances.

Offences in this subdivision are classified into the following groups:

    0611 Aggravated Robbery
    0612 Non-Aggravated Robbery

    Inclusions
    :
    Demand money with menaces - where demand is made face-to-face and there are no further threats
    0611 Aggravated Robbery
    A robbery involving any of the following aggravating circumstances:
      • infliction of injury or violence on the person;
      • possession/use of a weapon; or
      • committed in company (i.e. by two or more persons).

      Inclusions
      :
      Stealing with violence
      Assault with intent to steal/rob

    0612 Non-Aggravated Robbery
    A robbery not involving any aggravating circumstances as defined in Group 0611, Aggravated Robbery.

      Inclusions
      :
      Unarmed robbery not involving any aggravating circumstances
      Demand money with menaces not involving any aggravating circumstances

      Exclusions
      :
      Demand money/property with menaces via indirect means, e.g. a letter. This is coded to Group 0621, Blackmail and Extortion
      Theft from a person without the use of force, threat of force or by putting the person in fear. This is coded to Group 0821, Theft from a Person (Excluding by Force)


Subdivision 062 - Blackmail And Extortion

The unlawful demanding with intent to gain money, property or any other benefit from, or with intent to cause detriment to, another person accompanied by the use of coercive measures, to be carried out at some point in the future if the demand is not met. This may also include the use and/or threatened use of face-to-face force or violence, provided there is a threat of continued violence if the demand is not met.

Coercive measures include, but are not limited to, the threat of:

      • force or violence;
      • the misuse of authority;
      • criminal prosecution;
      • the destruction of a person's reputation or social standing; or
      • the destruction of a person's property.

This subdivision is not further disaggregated.

Offences in this subdivision are classified into the following group:
    0621 Blackmail and Extortion

    Exclusions
    :
    Robbery which does not include threats of coercive measures to be carried out in the future
    0621 Blackmail and Extortion
    The unlawful demanding with intent to gain money, property or any other benefit from, or with intent to cause detriment to, another person accompanied by the use of coercive measures, to be carried out at some point in the future if the demand is not met. This may also include the use and/or threatened use of immediate force or violence.

    Coercive measures include, but are not limited to, the threat of:
      • force or violence;
      • the misuse of authority;
      • criminal prosecution; or
      • the destruction of a person's reputation or social standing.

      Inclusions
      :
      Demand money/property with menaces via indirect means e.g. letter

      Exclusions
      :
      Demanding/taking property via immediate threat only where there is no further or continued threats made. This is coded to Subdivision 061, Robbery.





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