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2049.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Estimating homelessness, 2006  
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APPENDIX 1 GREY NOMADS


INTRODUCTION

This Appendix presents information about people with 'no usual address' in 'visitor only households' who are not included in the ABS homeless operational group 'persons staying temporarily with other households'. They are excluded because, on balance, they were considered not to be homeless as their characteristics suggested that they were more likely to be on long-term holiday and travelling around Australia. There are two distinct groups:

  • 'grey nomads'
  • 'other travellers'

Grey nomads were in 'visitor only households', reporting 'no usual address', where all people were aged 55 years or over, were not in the labour force and were staying in a caravan, cabin or houseboat on Census Night.

Other travellers are the remaining persons in 'visitor only households' with 'no usual address' but who are not classified as homeless or as new migrants or returning Australians.

This Appendix commences by republishing the analysis of the grey nomad population reporting no usual address as presented in the Position Paper - ABS Review of Counting the Homeless Methodology, Aug 2011 (cat. no. 2050.0.55.002). Note that the numbers in the Position Paper vary slightly from the numbers published in this publication: Census of Population and Housing: Estimating Homelessness, 2006 (cat. no. 2049.0) due to rounding and slight changes made for the final ABS methodology.

Following the Position Paper analysis of grey nomads, final results for grey nomads for 2006, and analysis contrasting the grey nomad population with a group of 'older travellers'. Like grey nomads, older travellers are in 'visitor only households' where all people are aged 55 years or over, were not in the labour force and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats on Census Night. The only difference between these groups is that, unlike the grey nomads, older travellers reported having a usual address elsewhere in Australia.

Tables at the end of this Appendix cross-classify grey nomads and older travellers by key socio-demographic characteristics for 2006 and 2001.


'Visitor only households' with 'no usual address'

'Visitor only households' are those in which no occupants on Census Night reported that they were usual residents of the dwelling in which they were staying on Census Night. There were 11,415 people in 'visitor only households' in 2006 who reported that they did not have a usual address where they had lived, or intended to live, for six months or more during the Census year in 2006. These people were not classified as homeless 'persons staying temporarily with other households'.


GREY NOMADS

Grey nomads are a subset of visitor only household group reporting no usual address. They are defined as being in 'visitor only households' and reporting 'no usual address', where all people were aged 55 years or over, were not in the labour force and were staying in a caravan, cabin or houseboat on Census Night.

The majority of these grey nomads were enumerated in holiday destinations including the northern beaches in New South Wales, in Queensland, Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. This group does not include people who were staying with other households, such as with friends and relatives. Nor does it include those who were in the labour force (whether unemployed or employed). Those who were travelling with their children or other younger people are not classified as grey nomads in this group because everyone in the caravan, cabin, or houseboat was not 55 years or older.

The February 2009 Topical North Queensland Repositioning Study, Final Report, prepared for the Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, noted that:

'The grey nomads are a key part of the visitor mix for the parks, and the region needs to better consider the potential, of these and other domestic drive market travellers going forward. Whilst a proportion of the grey nomads will seek out the free overnight roadside or council showground parks, there is a group who will happily pay a premium for better located and equipped parks' (Department of Resources Energy and Tourism 2009 p. 42).

In the following year, the Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism's State of the Industry, 2010 report noted that:

'Whilst older age groups are currently increasing domestic travel they do not necessarily contribute significantly to total expenditure. The typical pattern for older ‘grey nomads’ is to travel for significant periods of time but spend relatively little money in destinations visited' (Department of Resources Energy and Tourism 2010 p. 13).

The way that the domestic tourism understands, targets and surveys this grey nomad population informed the approach that the ABS took in trying to classify this population in the analysis that was undertaken in forming estimates of homelessness.

The ABS classified 2,466 people as 'grey nomads'. Of these, 2,144 or 87% owned the dwelling outright (a caravan, cabin or houseboat), 30 were owners with a mortgage and 114 were renting the caravan, cabin, or houseboat.

A1.1 'GREY NOMADS'(a), Tenure type - 2006(b)(c)

no.

Owned outright
2 148
Owned with a mortgage
29
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme
-
Rented
114
Being occupied rent-free
10
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme
-
Other tenure type
14
Not stated
152
Total
2 466

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census night.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(c) Numbers will differ slightly from those published in the Position Paper.


It is not possible to determine the relationships between the grey nomad visitors within these caravans, cabins, or houseboats because this information is not retained through Census processing. However most of these caravans and / or cabins had two people in them, (2,085 or 85%) and there were an even number of males and females. Of persons in a two person household, 92% were married. The ABS concluded that this group are predominantly people in couple relationships.

A1.2 'Grey nomads'(a), Sex and Number of persons in dwelling - 2006(b)(c)

Male
Female
Total
no.
no.
no.

1 person
286
91
377
2 persons
1 039
1 046
2 085
3 or more persons
3
3
6
Total
1 328
1 140
2 466

(a) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census Night.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(c) Numbers will differ slightly from those published in the Position Paper.


Just over 45% of persons in this group were in a Statistical Division in 2005 that was different to the Statistical Division of enumeration on Census Night 2006, and a further 40% reported ‘no usual address’ in 2005 indicating a number of this group could have been travelling in their ‘caravan, cabin or houseboat’ for some time (over 12 months). For the 1,831 persons who were in northern Australia on Census Night 2006 (defined as Queensland, Northern Territory and northern Western Australia), approximately half reported a usual residence in southern areas one or five years earlier. The ABS concluded that this group may own their homes down south while they travelled in the north in their caravans.

Many of the persons in this group (1,831), were enumerated in Statistical Local Areas that are prime tourist destinations in coastal areas of northern Australia. Some of the most common areas included Hervey Bay in Queensland (often dubbed the ‘caravan capital of Australia’), along the coast north of Townsville, coastal area around Canarvon and Coral Bay in Western Australia, the tablelands west of Cairns and around Airlie Beach and the Whitsundays in Queensland. Approximately 80% of this group were located in a ‘caravan/residential park or camping ground’.

A1.3 'Grey nomads', Whether in same Statistical Division 1 year ago, 2006(a), Whether in same Statistical Division 1 year ago - 2006(b)

Usual address 1 year ago in same SD of enumeration
no.

Same as in 2006
186
Elsewhere in Australia
1 115
No Usual Address 2005
976
Not stated
116
Overseas in 2005
33
Undefined
40
Total
2 466

(a) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census Night.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.


Income cannot be used as a factor to further refine this group because often grey nomads will be living off savings or smaller amounts from superannuation / annuities because they are retirees. 74% of grey nomads reported personal income of less than $400 per week. Unfortunately, the Census does not give an indication of wealth, which would be useful to further distinguish this group from those with no wealth and in receipt of low incomes. Low incomes correlated with the industry views about grey nomads. As noted earlier that this travelling group have low total expenditure.

The group identified through the Census as 'grey nomads' increased between 2001 and 2006. In 2001 the number identified as 'grey nomads' was 1,670, or 15% of persons in 'visitor only households' with 'no usual address'. This rose to 22% in 2006. In 2001 the group had similar characteristics to those in 2006. For example, 81% reported fully owning their dwelling, 10 grey nomads were owners with a mortgage and 69 were renting the dwelling. Similar to 2006, most of these caravans / cabins had two people in them and had an even number of males and females in them. The majority (74%) were located in Northern parts of Australia and 71% of grey nomads reported a usual address elsewhere in 2000.

The Position Paper referred to a study conducted by Tourism WA and Tourism Research Australia (2007) entitled Understanding the Caravan Industry in WA, in 2006. Tourism WA and Tourism Research Australia conducted qualitative and quantitative components as part of their study. The qualitative work identified distinct groups of caravan park travellers including a group they titled 'grey nomads' which was defined as
'older age group (over 55 years) on an extended trip, often including travel to other states in Australia'
.

The quantitative component of the 2006 study (n=406) obtained information from travellers staying in Western Australian caravan parks between April and October 2006. The analysis showed that 40% of all travellers surveyed were grey nomads. Of these grey nomads 86% were adult couples; none were away for less than a month; 63% had more than three months away (mean number of nights was 212 or seven months); 88% had stayed in more than 20 caravan parks in the five years prior to the survey; all were visiting more than one state; none were travelling with children; and most grey nomads (91%) were retired and therefore had lower incomes (21% had incomes less than $20,000 per annum, 50% reported incomes between $20,000 and $50,000 and 29% $50,000 plus). All the grey nomads had visited states other than Western Australia.

The 2006 survey also collected information about the grey nomad's usual address finding that 88% reported a usual address interstate (not Western Australia) and 9% within Western Australia. The question seeking usual address information was a tick box question and provided no option for people to mark or write 'no usual address'. In addition, the term 'usual address' was not defined anywhere on the questionnaire, meaning the interpretation of 'usual address' was left to the respondent. The ABS therefore assumes that the definition was interpreted differently from the specific definition provided with the Census collection instrument.

Diagram: Grey nomads


OTHER TRAVELLERS

There are another 8,949 persons in 'visitor only households' with 'no usual address' who are classified as 'other travellers' and not included in the ABS homeless operational group 'persons staying temporarily with other households'. Other travellers are considered to be following a lifestyle choice of travelling from destination to destination on holiday or working. This group can be further divided based on their dwelling and tenure type.


Other Travellers in caravans, cabins or houseboats (excluding grey nomads)

Of the 8,949 other travellers, 3,474 persons were enumerated in a caravan, cabin or houseboat in the 2006 Census. Their Census characteristics were explored in the Position Paper, which concluded that these people were travelling around and have no usual address in the Census context because of their chosen lifestyle - they may well own a home elsewhere.

Of this group, 63% were in two person households on Census Night. Over three quarters (76%) fully owned or owned with a mortgage the caravan, cabin or houseboat that they were in on Census Night. Almost half (49%) of persons were aged over 50 years. For caravans, cabins and houseboats that were fully owned or owned with a mortgage, approximately 92% of persons were in a ‘caravan, cabin, houseboat’ that had two or more bedrooms, and over a third of persons had connection to the Internet, either through broadband, dial up or another connection. The large percentage reporting fully owning or owning their caravan with a mortgage indicates for many of this group their housing standards are a reflection of their lifestyle choices, rather than homelessness.

A further 38% were employed, either full-time, part-time or currently away from work. Some of the most common occupations in this group included fruit or nut pickers (10%), fruit and vegetable packers (5%), commercial cleaners (4%) and truck drivers and sales assistants (3% each). Most of these occupations indicate seasonal work, which could indicate they may be travelling around Australia in a ‘caravan, cabin or houseboat’ taking up seasonal work to support their lifestyle.

A1.4 Persons in visitor only households in a caravan, cabin, or houseboat not appearing as 'grey nomads'(a)(b), Tenure type and Number of persons in dwelling - 2006(c)

NUMBER OF PERSONS
1 person
2 persons
3 persons
4 persons
5 or more persons
Total
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.

Owned outright
209
1 750
174
258
152
2 543
Owned with a mortgage
6
69
12
10
9
106
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme
3
4
-
-
-
7
Rented
141
195
68
41
39
484
Being occupied rent-free
9
17
5
3
5
39
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme
-
-
-
-
-
-
Other tenure type
22
43
-
14
7
86
Not stated
79
106
10
4
10
209
Total
469
2 184
269
330
222
3 474

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Except persons in caravans etc. in caravan park/residential park or camping ground who reported tenure of 'rent free' or 'rented' but didn't state their rent.
(b) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census Night.
(c) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.5 Persons in visitor only households in a caravan, cabin or houseboat not appearing as 'grey nomads'(a)(b), Labour force status - 2006(c)

no.

Employed - worked full-time
794
Employed - worked part-time
399
Employed - away from work
139
Unemployed - looking for full-time work
182
Unemployed - looking for part-time work
128
Not in the labour force
1 434
Not stated
69
Not applicable(d)
329
Total
3 474

(a) Except persons in caravans etc. in caravan park/residential park or camping ground who reported tenure of 'rent free' or 'rented' but didn't state their rent.
(b) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census Night.
(c) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(d) Includes children aged under 15 years.

A1.6 Persons in visitor only households in a caravan, cabin or houseboat not appearing as 'grey nomads'(a)(b), Dwelling location - 2006(c)

no.

Caravan/residential park or camping ground
2 786
Marina
82
Other
606
Total
3 474

(a) Except persons in caravan etc in caravan park/residential park or camping ground who reported tenure of 'rent free' or 'rented' but didn't state their rent.
(b) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as people in dwellings where all people in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census Night.
(c) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.



Other travellers residing in their second dwelling / holiday home

Of the 8,949 other travellers, 2,350 persons with no usual address and in visitor only households were staying in dwellings (which were not caravans, cabins, or houseboats) which were fully owned or owned with a mortgage. Based on the analysis below, these people were classified into one of the following groups: people staying in their second dwelling, for example the dwelling was either a holiday home or that these people move frequently for employment reasons and split their usual residence between two (or more dwellings); or that they were in the process of moving (possibly to start retirement) and had moved from a former usual address.

Over two-thirds of persons in this group were in a dwelling with three or more bedrooms (Table A1.7). For those persons in a dwelling that was ‘owned with a mortgage’ (29%) and with a stated housing loan repayment, 94% had monthly repayments greater than $400, and approximately 60% had monthly repayments greater than $1,000.

Approximately half (48%) of this group were aged 50 years or over (Table A1.8) and 44% (Table A1.9) were not in the labour force which indicates some of the reporting of no usual address could indicate arrangements due to retirement lifestyle choices.

A1.7 Persons in visitor only households which were fully owned or owned with a mortgage, Number of bedrooms - 2006(a)

Number of bedrooms
no.

None (includes bedsitters)
135
1 bedroom
158
2 bedrooms
464
3 bedrooms
1 027
4 bedrooms
456
5 or more bedrooms
97
Not stated
10
Not applicable
3
Total
2 350

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.8 Persons in visitor only households which were fully owned or owned with a mortgage, Age group and number of persons in dwelling - 2006(a)

NUMBER OF PERSONS
1 person
2 persons
3 persons
4 persons
5 or more persons
Total
Age group (years)
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.

0-9
-
9
46
69
37
161
10-19
4
16
15
22
28
85
20-29
80
111
43
13
17
264
30-39
148
121
63
57
20
409
40-49
120
93
40
29
16
298
50-59
153
272
31
15
6
477
60-69
111
286
21
10
5
433
70-79
64
79
8
7
3
161
80+
32
24
3
3
-
62
Total
712
1 011
270
225
132
2 350

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.9 Persons in visitor only households which were fully owned or owned with a mortgage by labour force status, Labour force status - 2006(a)

no.

Employed - worked full-time
599
Employed - worked part-time
248
Employed - away from work
88
Unemployed - looking for full-time work
70
Unemployed - looking for part-time work
35
Not in the labour force
1 036
Not stated
68
Not applicable(b)
206
Total
2 350

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(b) Includes children aged under 15 years.



Other travellers moving around for work

There were another 2,957 of the 8,949 other travellers in 'visitor only households' who were renting dwellings which were not caravans, cabins or houseboats and who are not classified as homeless. Based on the analysis below it was concluded that these people were movers, temporarily accommodated in their new city or town, and who on Census Night were unable to report a usual address. Table A1.10 shows that of those who reported a weekly rent payment, 60% paid $200 or more per week. For the same period, SIH 2005-06 showed that the average rent for those with a private landlord was $223 per week (ABS 2007b). This indicates that the majority of these people were paying market rent. The SIH also showed that the average number of bedrooms per dwelling in 2005-06 was 3.06. For these visitor only dwellings in the Census, 40% were in a dwelling with two bedrooms, and a further 44% were in a dwelling with three or more bedrooms (Table A1.11).

40% of this group were classified as ‘not in the labour force’, a further 40% were employed (either full-time, part-time or away from work) and 7% were unemployed (Table A1.12). For persons that were employed the most common occupations included sales assistants, retail managers, waiters and chefs which can be high turnover occupations. The Methodological Review concluded that because people are in these types of occupations some of this group may not have stayed, or be intending to stay, at a particular address for six months or more.

A quarter of this group were aged between 20 and 29 years and another 20% were aged between 30 and 39 years (Table A1.12). Over 20% of this group were overseas in the year before the Census and 25% were in a different Statistical Division to their Statistical Division of enumeration (Table A1.13). Some of these movers may be temporarily accommodated in their new city or town, and on Census Night would be unable to report a usual address where they would be staying for six months or more in the Census year. Over two-thirds were in ‘major cities of Australia’ and the five Statistical Local Areas that were the most common places of enumeration included Surfers Paradise, North Sydney, inner city Newcastle, and Fairfield and Blacktown in Sydney.

A1.10 Persons who are in visitor only households, not in a caravan, cabin or houseboat, renting, Weekly rent payments - 2006(a)

Weekly rent payments
no.

$0-$49
52
$50-$99
242
$100-$149
346
$150-$199
350
$200-$249
343
$250-$299
264
$300-$349
186
$350-$449
224
$450-$549
148
$550 or more
311
Not stated
491
Total
2 957

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.11 Persons who are in visitor only households, not in a caravan, cabin or houseboat, renting, Number of bedrooms - 2006(a)

Number of bedrooms
no.

None (includes bedsitters)
92
1 bedroom
385
2 bedrooms
1 156
3 bedrooms
974
4 bedrooms
237
5 or more bedrooms
85
Not stated
28
Total
2 957

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.12 Persons who are in visitor only households, not in a caravan, cabin or houseboat, renting, Age group and labour force status - 2006(a)

LABOUR FORCE STATUS
Employed - worked full-time
Employed - worked part-time
Employed - away from work
Unemployed - looking for full-time work
Unemployed - looking for part-time work
Not in the labour force
Not stated
Not applicable
Total
Age Group (years)
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.

0-9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
351
351
10-19
25
21
3
10
6
112
3
114
294
20-29
293
102
28
38
24
265
11
-
761
30-39
205
65
20
46
18
191
5
-
550
40-49
121
47
15
37
6
158
12
-
396
50-59
100
35
10
23
5
150
10
-
333
60-69
24
18
9
4
3
92
9
-
159
70-79
3
-
3
-
-
59
14
-
79
80 or over
3
-
3
-
-
22
6
-
34
Total
774
288
91
158
62
1 049
70
465
2 957

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.

A1.13 Persons who are in visitor only households, not in a caravan, cabin or houseboat, renting, Whether in same Statistical Division 1 year ago - 2006(a)

Usual address 1 year ago in same SD of enumeration
no.

Same as in 2006
844
Elsewhere in Australia
720
No usual address 2005
581
Not stated
180
Overseas in 2005
607
Undefined
25
Total
2 957

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.



GREY NOMADS COMPARED TO OLDER TRAVELLERS

To understand grey nomads further, it is useful to compare them to older travellers who had the same key characteristics but reported a usual address elsewhere in Australia on Census Night.

The following tables and analysis compares grey nomads to older travellers, showing the similarities between the two groups.

Like grey nomads, older travellers are in 'visitor only households' are defined where all people in the dwelling are aged 55 years or over, were not in the labour force and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats on Census Night. The only difference is that, unlike the grey nomads, older travellers reported having a usual address elsewhere, for six months or more in the year of the Census. Tables A1.14-1.17 in this Appendix contrast the characteristics of older travellers with grey nomads on Census Night.

The ABS has classified 34,854 people as older travellers on Census Night in 2006. Like grey nomads, the majority (82%) of older travellers owned their caravan, cabin or houseboat, with a small proportion (8%) renting (compared to 87% and 5% respectively for grey nomads). Older travellers had similarly low incomes, with 66% earning less than $400 per week in personal income compared to 74% of grey nomads. The majority of both groups were enumerated in two-person dwellings, with 94% of older travellers and 85% of grey nomads enumerated in a caravan, cabin or houseboat that contained only two people on Census Night.

Older travellers and grey nomads were distributed similarly across remoteness areas, with 39% of older travellers and 33% of grey nomads being enumerated in major cities or inner regional Australia. Similar to grey nomads, the majority of older travellers were enumerated in Queensland (both 49%). Older travellers have a reported 'State of usual residence' and this item shows that, although 49% of them were enumerated in Queensland, only 13% were usual residents their. In addition, although 33% of older travellers permanently resided in Victoria, only 2% were staying there in winter, during Census enumeration. The Census is run in August each year which is the dry season in the north of Australia and winter in the south of Australia. Since the grey nomad population reported no usual residence, their 'State of enumeration' and their assumed 'State of usual residence' do not differ. The low percentage of grey nomads enumerated in Victoria (4%), and the high proportion enumerated in Queensland (49%) suggests that they are also on holidays (in similar locations to the older traveller group on Census Night) but for longer-term stays.

A1.14 VISITORS ON CENSUS NIGHT IN CARAVANS, CABINS OR HOUSEBOATS(a), Grey Nomads and Older Travellers - Number of persons by selected characteristics - 2006(b)(c)

Grey nomads (d)
Older travellers(e)
no.
no.

Age group (years)
55-64
1 494
13 545
65-74
881
17 147
75 and over
93
4 162
Sex
Male
1 328
17 675
Female
1 140
17 179
Indigenous status
Indigenous
13
101
Non-Indigenous
2 423
34 307
Not stated
31
447
Registered marital status
Never married
67
303
Widowed
105
1 305
Divorced
272
1 505
Separated
84
290
Married
1 939
31 452
State or territory of usual residence
New South Wales
335
8 332
Victoria
89
11 373
Queensland
1 215
4 571
South Australia
103
3 869
Western Australia
446
4 982
Tasmania
21
1 231
Northern Territory
259
44
Australian Capital Territory
-
452
State or territory enumerated in on Census night
New South Wales
334
6 213
Victoria
92
794
Queensland
1 221
17 075
South Australia
102
1 264
Western Australia
444
7 013
Tasmania
17
71
Northern Territory
258
2 412
Australian Capital Territory
-
12
Remoteness
Major Cities of Australia
296
5 122
Inner Regional Australia
525
8 458
Outer Regional Australia
832
9 149
Remote Australia
425
6 004
Very Remote Australia
388
6 123
Number of persons in the dwelling
1 person
377
1 593
2 persons
2 085
32 757
3 persons
6
306
4 persons
-
176
5 or more persons
-
22
Tenure type
Fully owned
2 148
28 436
Being purchased
29
298
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme
-
12
Rented
114
2 839
Being occupied rent-free
10
201
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme
-
110
Other tenure type
14
322
Not stated
152
2 637
Weekly personal income
Under $400(f)
1 819
22 963
$400-$599
395
6 374
$600-$799
106
2 405
$800 and over
99
2 349
Not stated
47
765
Level of Highest Educational Attainment
Bachelor Degree or above
172
2 400
Advanced Diploma and Diploma
150
2 730
Certificate III & IV level
470
6 330
Year 12
204
2 599
Year 11
113
1 720
Year 10
537
7 189
Below Year 10(g)(h)
575
8 258
Not stated or inadequately described
244
3 631
Country of birth(i)
Australia(j)
1 773
27 315
Overseas
642
6 571
Need for assistance with core activities
Has need for assistance with core activities
208
1 786
Does not have need for assistance with core activities
2 243
32 847
Not stated
18
220
Voluntary work for an organisation or group
Volunteer
258
9 366
Not a volunteer
2 125
24 067
Not stated
84
1 422
Total persons
2 466
34 854

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) 'Grey nomads' and 'Older travellers' are not considered to be homeless.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. As a result cells may not add to the totals.
(c) Categories are mutually exclusive, therefore people appearing as 'Grey nomads' will not appear in the category 'Older travellers'.
(d) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census night.
(e) 'Older travallers' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported a usual address on Census night.
(f) Includes negative and nil income.
(g) Includes persons who have completed a Certificate I or II as their highest non-school qualification but whose highest year of school completed was below Year 10.
(h) Includes persons with no educational attainment.
(i) Excludes inadequately described, at sea, not elsewhere classified or not stated.
(j) Includes external territories and Norfolk Island.

A1.15 VISITORS ON CENSUS NIGHT IN CARAVANS, CABINS OR HOUSEBOATS(a), Grey Nomads and Older Travellers - Proportion of persons by selected characteristics - 2006(b)(c)

Grey nomads (d)
Older travellers(e)

Age group (years)
55-64 %
60.5
38.9
65-74 %
35.7
49.2
75 and over %
3.8
11.9
Sex
Male %
53.8
50.7
Female %
46.2
49.3
Indigenous status
Indigenous %
0.5
0.3
Non-Indigenous %
98.2
98.4
Not stated %
1.3
1.3
Registered marital status
Never married %
2.7
0.9
Widowed %
4.3
3.7
Divorced %
11.0
4.3
Separated %
3.4
0.8
Married %
78.6
90.2
State or territory of usual residence
New South Wales %
13.6
23.9
Victoria %
3.6
32.6
Queensland %
49.2
13.1
South Australia %
4.2
11.1
Western Australia %
18.1
14.3
Tasmania %
0.9
3.5
Northern Territory %
10.5
0.1
Australian Capital Territory %
-
1.3
State or territory enumerated in on Census night
New South Wales %
13.5
17.8
Victoria %
3.7
2.3
Queensland %
49.5
49.0
South Australia %
4.1
3.6
Western Australia %
18.0
20.1
Tasmania %
0.7
0.2
Northern Territory %
10.5
6.9
Australian Capital Territory %
-
-
Remoteness
Major Cities of Australia %
12.0
14.7
Inner Regional Australia %
21.3
24.3
Outer Regional Australia %
33.7
26.2
Remote Australia %
17.2
17.2
Very Remote Australia %
15.7
17.6
Number of persons in the dwelling
1 person %
15.3
4.6
2 persons %
84.5
94.0
3 persons %
0.2
0.9
4 persons %
-
0.5
5 or more persons %
-
0.1
Tenure type
Fully owned %
87.1
81.6
Being purchased %
1.2
0.9
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme %
-
-
Rented %
4.6
8.1
Being occupied rent-free %
0.4
0.6
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme %
-
0.3
Other tenure type %
0.6
0.9
Not stated %
6.2
7.6
Weekly personal income
Under $400(f) %
73.8
65.9
$400-$599 %
16.0
18.3
$600-$799 %
4.3
6.9
$800 and over %
4.0
6.7
Not stated %
1.9
2.2
Level of Highest Educational Attainment
Bachelor Degree or above %
7.0
6.9
Advanced Diploma and Diploma %
6.1
7.8
Certificate III & IV level %
19.1
18.2
Year 12 %
8.3
7.5
Year 11 %
4.6
4.9
Year 10 %
21.8
20.6
Below Year 10(g)(h) %
23.3
23.7
Not stated or inadequately described %
9.9
10.4
Country of Birth(i)
Australia(j) %
71.8
78.4
Overseas %
26.0
18.9
Need for assistance with core activities
Has need for assistance with core activities %
8.4
5.1
Does not have need for assistance with core activities %
90.8
94.2
Not stated %
0.7
0.6
Voluntary work for an organisation or group
Volunteer %
10.5
26.9
Not a volunteer %
86.1
69.0
Not stated %
3.4
4.1
Total persons %
100.0
100.0
Total persons no.
2 466
34 854

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) 'Grey nomads' and 'Older travellers' are not considered to be homeless.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. As a result cells may not add to the totals.
(c) Categories are mutually exclusive, therefore people appearing as 'Grey nomads' will not appear in the category 'Older travellers'.
(d) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census night.
(e) 'Older travellers' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported a usual address on Census night.
(f) Includes negative and nil income.
(g) Includes persons who have completed a Certificate I or II as their highest non-school qualification but whose highest year of school completed was below Year 10.
(h) Includes persons with no educational attainment.
(i) Excludes inadequately described, at sea, not elsewhere classified or not stated.
(j) Includes External territories and Norfolk Island.

A1.16 VISITORS ON CENSUS NIGHT IN CARAVANS, CABINS OR HOUSEBOATS(a), Grey Nomads and Older Travellers - Number of persons by selected characteristics - 2001(b)(c)

Grey nomads (d)
Older travellers(e)
no.
no.

Age group (years)
55-64
1 104
14 627
65-74
505
15 932
75 and over
62
3 444
Sex
Male
909
17 511
Female
763
16 491
Indigenous status
Indigenous
12
84
Non-Indigenous
1 642
33 486
Not stated
18
432
Registered marital status
Never married
45
327
Widowed
68
1 538
Divorced
156
1 228
Separated
57
335
Married
1 344
30 576
State or territory of usual residence
New South Wales
207
8 632
Victoria
50
10 711
Queensland
819
4 672
South Australia
74
3 607
Western Australia
357
4 783
Tasmania
8
980
Northern Territory
156
204
Australian Capital Territory
-
411
State or territory enumerated in on Census night
New South Wales
203
6 023
Victoria
48
889
Queensland
823
16 813
South Australia
74
1 072
Western Australia
358
6 893
Tasmania
8
54
Northern Territory
156
2 257
Australian Capital Territory
3
-
Remoteness
Major Cities of Australia
222
2 955
Inner Regional Australia
341
8 518
Outer Regional Australia
560
11 086
Remote Australia
294
5 674
Very Remote Australia
253
5 771
Number of persons in the dwelling
1 person
237
2 092
2 persons
1 432
31 293
3 persons
3
364
4 persons
-
227
5 or more persons
-
26
Tenure type
Fully owned
1 353
27 031
Being purchased
10
179
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme
-
10
Rented
69
2 164
Being occupied rent-free
19
241
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme
-
89
Other tenure type
102
1 492
Not stated
120
2 795
Weekly personal income
Under $400(f)
1 396
26 679
$400-$599
155
4 123
$600-$799
48
1 278
$800 and over
23
812
Not stated
49
1 111
Level of Highest Educational Attainment
Bachelor Degree or above
92
1 872
Advanced Diploma and Diploma
98
2 138
Certificate III & IV level
308
5 962
Year 12
135
2 274
Year 11
74
1 404
Year 10
352
6 422
Below Year 10(g)(h)
446
10 130
Not stated or inadequately described
165
3 802
Country of birth(i)
Australia(j)
1 182
26 827
Overseas
469
6 370
Total persons
1 670
34 003

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) 'Grey nomads' and 'Older travellers' are not considered to be homeless.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. As a result cells may not add to the totals.
(c) Categories are mutually exclusive, therefore people appearing as 'Grey nomads' will not appear in the category 'Older travellers'.
(d) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census night.
(e) 'Older travellers' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported a usual address on Census night.
(f) Includes negative and nil income.
(g) Includes persons who have completed a Certificate I or II as their highest non-school qualification but whose highest year of school completed was below Year 10.
(h) Includes persons with no educational attainment.
(i) Excludes inadequately described, at sea, not elsewhere classified or not stated.
(j) Includes external territories and Norfolk Island.

A1.17 VISITORS ON CENSUS NIGHT IN CARAVANS, CABINS OR HOUSEBOATS(a), Grey Nomads and Older Travellers - Proportion of persons by selected characteristics - 2001(b)(c)

Grey nomads (d)
Older travellers(e)

Age group (years)
55-64 %
66.1
43.0
65-74 %
30.2
46.9
75 and over %
3.7
10.1
Sex
Male %
54.4
51.5
Female %
45.6
48.5
Indigenous status
Indigenous %
0.7
0.2
Non-Indigenous %
98.2
98.5
Not stated %
1.1
1.3
Registered marital status
Never married %
2.7
1.0
Widowed %
4.1
4.5
Divorced %
9.3
3.6
Separated %
3.4
1.0
Married %
80.5
89.9
State or territory of usual residence
New South Wales %
12.4
25.4
Victoria %
3.0
31.5
Queensland %
49.0
13.7
South Australia %
4.4
10.6
Western Australia %
21.4
14.1
Tasmania %
0.5
2.9
Northern Territory %
9.3
0.6
Australian Capital Territory %
-
1.2
State or territory enumerated in on Census night
New South Wales %
12.1
17.7
Victoria %
2.9
2.6
Queensland %
49.2
49.4
South Australia %
4.4
3.2
Western Australia %
21.4
20.3
Tasmania %
0.5
0.2
Northern Territory %
9.3
6.6
Australian Capital Territory %
0.2
-
Remoteness
Major Cities of Australia %
13.3
8.7
Inner Regional Australia %
20.4
25.0
Outer Regional Australia %
33.5
32.6
Remote Australia %
17.6
16.7
Very Remote Australia %
15.1
17.0
Number of persons in the dwelling
1 person %
14.2
6.2
2 persons %
85.6
92.0
3 persons %
0.2
1.1
4 persons %
-
0.7
5 or more persons %
-
0.1
Tenure type
Fully owned %
80.9
79.5
Being purchased %
0.6
0.5
Being purchased under a rent/buy scheme %
-
-
Rented %
4.1
6.4
Being occupied rent-free %
1.1
0.7
Being occupied under a life tenure scheme %
-
0.3
Other tenure type %
6.1
4.4
Not stated %
7.2
8.2
Weekly personal income
Under $400(f) %
83.5
78.5
$400-$599 %
9.3
12.1
$600-$799 %
2.9
3.8
$800 and over %
1.4
2.4
Not stated %
2.9
3.3
Level of Highest Educational Attainment
Bachelor Degree or above %
5.5
5.5
Advanced Diploma and Diploma %
5.9
6.3
Certificate III & IV level %
18.4
17.5
Year 12 %
8.1
6.7
Year 11 %
4.4
4.1
Year 10 %
21.1
18.9
Below Year 10(g)(h) %
26.7
29.8
Not stated or inadequately described %
9.9
11.2
Country of birth(i)
Australia(j) %
70.7
78.9
Overseas %
28.1
18.7
Total persons %
100.0
100.0
Total persons no.
1 670
34 003

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) 'Grey nomads' and 'Older travellers' are not considered to be homeless.
(b) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. As a result cells may not add to the totals.
(c) Categories are mutually exclusive, therefore people appearing as 'Grey nomads' will not appear in the category 'Older travellers'.
(d) 'Grey nomads' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported having no usual address on Census night.
(e) 'Older travellers' are those identified as persons in dwellings where all persons in the dwelling were aged 55 years and over, were not in the labour force, and were staying in caravans, cabins or houseboats, who reported a usual address on Census night.
(f) Includes negative and nil income.
(g) Includes persons who have completed a Certificate I or II as their highest non-school qualification but whose highest year of school completed was below Year 10.
(h) Includes persons with no educational attainment.
(i) Excludes inadequately described, at sea, not elsewhere classified or not stated.
(j) Includes external territories and Norfolk Island.



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