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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2009–10  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/06/2010   
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Contents >> Government finance >> Taxation revenue

TAXATION REVENUE

A distinctive feature of the Australian federal system is that the Commonwealth (Australian) Government levies and collects all income tax, from individuals as well as from enterprises. The Commonwealth Government also collects taxes on the provision of goods and services, including: the Goods and Services Tax (GST); taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities; and some taxes on employers' payrolls. The taxation revenue base of state and territory governments consists of taxes on: property; employers' payrolls; and the provision and use of goods and services such as taxes on gambling and insurance. The sole source of taxation revenue for local governments is taxes on property.

Total taxation revenue collected in Australia in 2007-08 was $348,316 million (m), an increase of 8.9% compared with 2006-07 (table 28.7). Of this, $208,567m (59.9%) was for taxes on income and $85,025m (24.4%) for taxes on the provision of goods and services.

Commonwealth Government taxation revenue, including taxes paid by other levels of government and Commonwealth public corporations, rose from $261,988m in 2006-07 to $285,672m in 2007-08, an increase of 9.0%. In 2007-08, Commonwealth Government taxation represented 82.0% of taxation revenue for all levels of government.

State government taxation revenue increased by 8.6%, from $48,903m in 2006-07 to $53,130m in 2007-08. In 2007-08 taxes on property were the single largest taxation revenue source for state governments (39.4%), followed by taxes on employer payrolls (30.2%). The revenue base of state and territory governments is supplemented by the distribution of grants from the Commonwealth Government, which includes the allocation of GST revenue.

Australian residents paid an average of $16,401 in tax in 2007-08, an increase of 7.1% compared with 2006-07 (table 28.8). The amount of Commonwealth Government taxation per person rose by 7.2% from $12,551 in 2006-07 to $13,451 in 2007-08. State and territory governments and local councils combined charged residents an average of $2,973 a year in property taxes, stamp duty, gambling taxes, payroll and other taxes in 2007-08. This was an increase of 6.6% compared with that collected in 2006-07.

28.7 TAXATION REVENUE, By level of government

2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

COMMONWEALTH

Taxes on income
145 709
162 974
176 198
189 378
208 580
Employers payroll taxes
381
292
369
350
381
Taxes on property
13
14
14
15
15
Taxes on provision of goods and services
62 646
64 997
67 822
71 452
75 863
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
811
854
821
793
832
Total taxation revenue
209 560
229 131
245 223
261 988
285 672

STATE(a)

Taxes on income
-
-
-
-
-
Employers payroll taxes
10 839
12 000
13 095
14 395
16 022
Taxes on property
16 683
16 045
16 911
19 841
20 944
Taxes on provision of goods and services
7 275
7 865
8 166
8 517
9 162
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
5 597
5 745
6 062
6 150
7 002
Total taxation revenue
40 394
41 655
44 233
48 903
53 130

LOCAL

Taxes on income
-
-
-
-
-
Employers payroll taxes
-
-
-
-
-
Taxes on property
7 671
8 183
8 710
9 386
10 116
Taxes on provision of goods and services
-
-
-
-
-
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
-
-
-
-
-
Total taxation revenue
7 671
8 183
8 710
9 386
10 116

ALL LEVELS

Taxes on income
145 707
162 972
176 192
189 369
208 567
Employers payroll taxes
10 862
11 902
13 043
14 284
15 903
Taxes on property
24 358
24 234
25 627
29 232
31 041
Taxes on provision of goods and services
69 922
72 861
75 987
79 969
85 025
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
6 404
6 598
6 880
6 908
7 780
Total taxation revenue
257 253
278 568
297 730
319 762
348 316

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Includes Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
Source: ABS Taxation Revenue, Australia (5506.0).

28.8 TAXATION PER PERSON(a), By level of government

2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
$
$
$
$
$

Commonwealth Government
10 470
11 311
11 933
12 551
13 451
State and Local Government
New South Wales
2 604
2 651
2 729
2 977
3 083
Victoria
2 449
2 509
2 591
2 747
2 962
Queensland
2 120
2 169
2 271
2 529
2 763
South Australia
2 272
2 380
2 414
2 590
2 796
Western Australia
2 502
2 594
3 006
3 223
3 470
Tasmania
1 695
1 828
1 869
1 946
2 122
Northern Territory
1 580
1 761
2 091
2 030
2 125
Australian Capital Territory
2 309
2 169
2 352
2 756
3 014
All state and local governments
2 400
2 459
2 575
2 789
2 973
All levels of government
12 852
13 752
14 489
15 319
16 401

(a) Average annual estimated resident population.
Source: ABS Taxation Revenue, Australia (5506.0).



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