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ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION
Estimating population for the territories
1.20 Prior to the 1996 Census, no external territories were included in geographical Australia although Census data were collected for Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Following amendments to the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 effective from July 1992, the two external territories of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands became part of geographical Australia. Since the 1996 Census, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and the Jervis Bay Territory (previously linked to the Australian Capital Territory for statistical purposes) comprise a pseudo 'ninth state/territory' of Australia. They are included in state nine 'Other Territories'.
1.21 Although the Census and Statistics Act does not require quarterly estimation of the population for the territories, estimates for the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory and the Other Territories are produced as these territories are included in the geographical area of Australia, and, with the states, sum to the Australian population.
1.22 Estimates for the remaining Australian External Territories are updated annually as at 30 June unless a more recent estimate is required for electoral apportionment purposes under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918. Australian External Territories include Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, Australian Antarctic Territory and Territory of Heard and McDonald Islands. It does not include Norfolk Island which is a self-governing territory of Australia (see the Norfolk Island Act 1979).