The purpose of this paper is to provide statistics and information for environmental taxes, as one type of market-based instrument. It excludes discussions on other instruments such as e.g. fees, licenses and subsidies.
This paper provides background information on environmental taxes, with the intention to include statistics on environmental taxes in a new annual publication Australian System of Environmental Economic Accounts (cat. no. 4613.0). As part of the development process for this new publication, this paper has evaluated different data sources, price information and administrative data to develop an easily repeatable and cost-effective methodology to provide annual estimates of environmental taxes.