6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Jun 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/07/2018   
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CAPITAL CITIES COMPARISON


ALL GROUPS CPI

All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter


At the All groups level, the CPI rose in all eight capital cities.

The transport group (+1.6%) is the most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises across all eight capital cities. This rise is due to automotive fuel (+6.9%), due to increases in world oil prices.

The health group (+1.9%) is the second most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises across all eight capital cities. This is due to medical and hospital services (+3.1%), due to the annual increase in private health insurance premiums.

The alcohol and tobacco group (+1.6%) is third most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises across all eight capital cities. This is due to tobacco (+2.8%), due to the flow on effects of the federal excise tax increase effective 1 March 2018.

The most significant offsetting negative contributor to the All groups quarterly movement is the food and non-alcoholic beverages group (-0.4%), with falls in all capital cities. The fall is due to vegetable (-2.9%) and fruit (-2.5%), due to increased supply of seasonal varieties.

The second most significant offsetting negative contributor to the All groups quarterly movement is the recreation and culture group (-0.4%), with falls in five out of eight capital cities. This is due to falls in domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-2.7%), and is typical of the off peak season for domestic holiday travel.

Over the last twelve months to June quarter 2018, the All groups CPI (+2.1%) has risen across all eight capital cities, with Canberra (+2.8%), Adelaide (+2.7%), Melbourne (+2.5%) and Hobart (+2.4%) recording the largest movements.

All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Jun Qtr 2018
Mar Qtr 2018 to Jun Qtr 2018
Jun Qtr 2017 to Jun Qtr 2018

Sydney
114.0
0.4
2.1
Melbourne
113.8
0.4
2.5
Brisbane
112.9
0.4
1.7
Adelaide
112.1
0.4
2.7
Perth
110.2
0.2
1.1
Hobart
111.5
0.4
2.4
Darwin
110.1
0.4
1.2
Canberra
111.6
0.4
2.8
Weighted average of eight capital cities
113.0
0.4
2.1

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.


SYDNEY (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Sydney this quarter are automotive fuel (+8.3%), medical and hospital services (+2.5%) and tobacco (+3.0%). The rises are partially offset by falls in motor vehicles (-2.9%) and sports participation (-6.3%). The fall in motor vehicles is due to increased discounting. The fall in sports participation is due to the increased uptake of the $100 Active Kids sports voucher for school aged children in New South Wales.


MELBOURNE (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Melbourne this quarter are automotive fuel (+6.4%), new dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+2.2%) and medical and hospital services (+2.9%). The rise in new dwelling purchase by owner occupiers is due to input costs and discontinuation of bonus offers. These rises are partially offset by falls in domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-4.1%) and electricity (-3.5%). The fall in electricity is due to increased discounting on market offers.


BRISBANE (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Brisbane this quarter are automotive fuel (+7.4%), medical and hospital services (+2.7%) and tobacco (+2.7%). These rises are partially offset by falls in vegetables (-3.9%) and domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-1.9%).


ADELAIDE (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Adelaide this quarter are automotive fuel (+7.2%), medical and hospital services (+4.4%) and tobacco (+2.9%). The rises are partially offset by domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-3.5%) and electricity (-1.5%). The fall in electricity is due to increased discounting on market offers.


PERTH (0.2%)

The main contributors to the rise in Perth this quarter are medical and hospital services (+5.1%), automotive fuel (+5.6%) and tobacco (+2.8%). These rises are partially offset by falls in rents (-1.8%) and domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-2.2%). The fall in rents is due to a continuation of excess housing stock leading to high vacancy rates.


HOBART (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Hobart this quarter are automotive fuel (+5.0%), medical and hospital services (+3.7%) and new dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+2.5%). These rises are partially offset by falls in domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-9.9%) and telecommunications equipment and services (-1.6%).


DARWIN (+0.4%)

The main positive contributors in Darwin this quarter are sports participation (+22.4%), domestic holiday travel (+3.1%) and tobacco (+2.8%). The rise in sports participation is due to the bi-annual sports voucher for school aged children in the Northern Territory. The rise in domestic holiday travel is due to increased demand during the peak tourist season this quarter. These rises are partially offset by falls in rents (-1.7%) and telecommunications equipment and services (-1.6%). Falls in rents are due to a continuation of excess housing stock and high vacancy rates.


CANBERRA (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Canberra this quarter are automotive fuel (+2.8%), new dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+1.0%) and international holiday travel and accommodation (+1.7%). These rises are partially offset by falls in vegetables (-3.0%) and other financial services (-1.2%). The fall in other financial services is due to falls in real estate agency fees and stamp duties.