Australian Bureau of Statistics
4156.0 - Sports and Physical Recreation: A Statistical Overview, Australia, 2012 Quality Declaration
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/12/2012
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All persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
Employment at end June
Working proprietors and partners, and employees (including working directors) working for the business during the last pay period ending in June. It excludes volunteers and subcontracted workers.
Two or more persons, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. The basis of a family is formed by identifying the presence of a couple relationship, lone parent-child relationship or other blood relationship. Some households will, therefore, contain more than one family. For the purposes of the Time Use diary, family members who are usually resident in the same household are referred to as 'in household' family while family members who live outside of the household are referred to as family 'living elsewhere'.
Families are classified to one of the following categories:
The amount of time left when committed, contracted and necessary time have been taken out of a person's day. Social and community interaction and recreation and leisure activities are included in this time category.
Employees who normally work the agreed or award hours for a full-time employee in their occupation. If agreed or award hours do not apply, employees are regarded as full-time if they usually work 35 hours or more per week.
Generalised trust refers to trust that individuals have toward other people in general.
Excludes indoor hockey, ice hockey.
Includes equestrian, rodeo, polo, polocrosse.
A group of people who usually reside and eat together. This may be:
The cost of goods and services acquired during the reference period for private use, whether or not those goods were paid for or consumed. For example, goods purchased by credit card are counted as expenditure at the time they were acquired rather than at the time the credit card bill was paid.
Expenditure is net of refunds or expected refunds. For example, payments for health services are net of any refunds received or expected to be received. Similarly, gambling wins are offset against gambling outlays to show net gambling expenditure.
Household Expenditure Survey
A survey, conducted at approximately five-yearly intervals, which records the expenditure of households rather than individuals because some expenditures (e.g. on domestic inground swimming pools, caravans, boats) are usually for the benefit of everyone in the household and therefore cannot be attributed in a meaningful way to any particular person in the household.
Information about most types of expenditure is obtained from a diary maintained by all persons aged 15 years and over in households selected in the sample. Some infrequent items of expenditure are collected on a 'recall' or 'last payment' basis', the length of the recall period ranging from two years for house purchases to three months for health expenses.
A household's expenditure on sports, physical recreation and other leisure can be affected by many things including:
Includes ice hockey, ice skating, snow skiing.
Refers to people who identified themselves, or were identified by another household member, as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
An Indigenous household where one of more of the Usual Residents is Indigenous. See also Indigenous.
Involvement in sport or physical activity in either a playing role, or a non-playing role such as coach, umpire or administrator.
Include wages and salaries, employer contributions to superannuation funds, workers' compensation costs, payroll tax and fringe benefits tax. Exclude payments to self-employed persons such as consultants, contractors and persons paid solely by commission without a retainer; and payments to proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses.
Main English speaking countries
Comprise United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, United States of America, and South Africa.
Include Taekwondo, Aikido, judo, karate, kickboxing.
Include car and motor cycle racing and rallying; and speedway, drag and go-kart events.
Social and community interaction
A major activity classification group which includes activities relating to social interaction participation such as attending a concert, a library or amusement park. Also included are attending sporting events, participating in religious ceremonies and community participation such as attendance at meetings.
Includes indoor and outdoor netball.
Gross takings less payments of prize money and winnings.
Persons aged 15 years and over who:
Organisations not permitted to be a source of income, profit or other financial gain for the units that establish, control or finance them.
Operating profit before tax
A measure of the level of profit achieved prior to extraordinary items being brought to account, income tax being deducted and dividends being paid. It is derived as total income minus total expenses plus closing inventories minus opening inventories.
Organised sport and physical activities
Sport and physical activities which were organised by a club, association or school. The club or association need not be sporting body. It may be a work social club, church group or old scholars association. Physical activity such as aerobics and other exercise sessions organised by fitness centres or gymnasia are also included.
Persons were classed as being paid for involvement in sport or physical activity in a particular role if they received any payment at all for that involvement. If a person undertook more than one role, payment had to be received for each role for all involvements to be classed as paid.
Persons playing a sport or undertaking physical activity. Persons involved only in non-playing roles such as coach, umpire or administrator are excluded.
For any group, the number of persons involved (either as participants or otherwise) in sport or physical activities, expressed as a percentage of the total population of that group.
Employees who normally work less than the agreed or award hours for a full-time employee in their occupation. If agreed or award hours do not apply, employees are regarded as part-time if they usually work less than 35 hours per week.
Within a state or territory, each Remoteness Area represents an aggregation of non-contiguous geographical areas which share common characteristics of remoteness, determined in the context of Australia as a whole.
The delimitation criteria for Remoteness Areas are based on the Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA). ARIA measures the remoteness of a point based on the physical road distances to the nearest Urban Centre. Not all Remoteness Areas are represented in each state or territory.
There are six Remoteness Areas in this structure:
For more information, see ABS (2011a) Australian Standard Geographical Classification, 2011 (cat. no. 1216.0).
SAR of China
Special Administrative Region of China.
Include pistol and rifle shooting, hunting, and paintball.
Excludes indoor soccer.
Networks, together with shared norms, values and understandings which facilitate cooperation within and among groups (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2001).
Sports hospitality clubs
Clubs which obtained the largest portion of their income from the provision of hospitality services, but identified themselves as being sport or physical recreation clubs.
Include surfing and windsurfing. Exclude surf-lifesaving.
Includes indoor and outdoor tennis.
Torres Strait Islander people
People identified as being of Torres Strait Islander origin. May also include people identified as being of both Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal origin. See also Indigenous.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Includes indoor and outdoor volleyball.
For any group, the number of volunteers, expressed as a percentage of the total population of that group.
Persons who willingly gave unpaid help in the form of time, service or skills, to assist an organisation or group. The reimbursement of expenses and the bestowing of small gifts are not regarded as payment for services rendered. Hence, persons who received these (and nothing else) are still treated as volunteers.
Includes jet skiing.
Monday to Friday are regarded as weekdays, Saturdays and Sundays as weekends. All persons were asked to complete a diary for two days, either or both of which could be weekdays or weekends. The seven days were spread through the whole population as evenly as possible.
Weekly ordinary time cash earnings
Weekly earnings of employees which are attributable to award, standard or agreed hours of work, including allowances, penalty payments, payments by measured result and regular bonuses and commissions. Amounts salary sacrificed are also included. Excluded are non-cash components of salary packages, overtime payments, retrospective pay, pay in advance, leave loadings, severance pay, and termination and redundancy payments.
Weekly total cash earnings
Weekly total cash earnings of employees is regular wages and salaries in cash and is equal to weekly ordinary time cash earnings plus weekly overtime cash earnings.
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This page last updated 19 December 2012