1200.0.55.007 - Year of Arrival Standard, 2014, Version 1.4  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/03/2014  First Issue
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

UNDERLYING CONCEPTS

NAME OF VARIABLE

The standard name of the variable is ‘Year of Arrival in Australia’.

The standard name for the variable derived from Year of Arrival in Australia is 'Period of Residence in Australia'.

DEFINITION OF VARIABLE

Nominal definition
Year of Arrival in Australia is defined as the year a person (born outside of Australia) first arrived in Australia, from another country, with the intention of living in Australia for one year or more.

Period of Residence in Australia is derived from Year of Arrival in Australia by first subtracting the year of arrival from the year of the collection and then subtracting from this result any significant periods spent outside of Australia. Significant periods are absences of one year or more, excluding holidays, visits and business trips overseas. In the case of multiple entries into Australia, add the total number of significant years (rounded to the nearest whole number) spent outside of Australia and subtract this from the difference between the year of the collection and the year of first arrival.

Both variables are attributes of the counting unit 'person'.

Operational definition
Year of Arrival in Australia is measured by the calendar year 'date unit' of the first arrival of an individual in Australia, expressed as a four digit year (e.g. 2005).

Period of Residence in Australia is measured by subtracting the year of first arrival in Australia from the year of the collection and expressing the result in completed years. It is then necessary to subtract from the initial result significant time periods (expressed in whole years) spent living outside of Australia. In practice, it may be necessary to approximate the time spent outside Australia.

DISCUSSION OF CONCEPTUAL ISSUES

The Year of Arrival in Australia question requires the supporting variable Country of Birth and should only be asked of those people born in a country other than Australia. It is the standard procedure to first ask the Country of Birth question, when collecting Year of Arrival in Australia, and sequencing only the people born in a country outside Australia to the Year of Arrival in Australia question.

Year of Arrival in Australia measures the year of first arrival in Australia and not the year of the most recent arrival. Significant periods (absences of one year or more) spent outside Australia after first arrival should be accounted for when deriving Period of Residence in Australia. To improve the accuracy of the data, it is necessary to subtract any significant time periods spent living outside of Australia after the year of first arrival. Significant periods can be collected in a separate question after the Year of Arrival in Australia question. This second question though optional, is necessary to accurately measure Period of Residence in Australia. In the case of multiple absences from Australia, the total number of significant years (rounded to the nearest whole number) spent outside of Australia is subtracted from the difference between the year of collection and the year of first arrival.