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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004   
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Contents >> Health >> National and state summary tables

National and state summary tables

HEALTH: NATIONAL SUMMARY

HEALTH STATUS

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Life expectancy
1
Life expectancy at birth - males(a)
years
75.0
75.0
r75.5
r75.5
75.6
75.9
76.2
76.6
77.0
77.4
n.y.a.
2
Life expectancy at birth - females(a)
years
80.9
80.9
r81.1
r81.3
81.3
81.5
81.8
82.0
82.4
82.6
n.y.a.
3
Life expectancy at age 65 - males(a)
years
15.7
15.7
r16.0
r16.0
16.1
16.3
16.6
16.9
17.2
17.4
n.y.a.
4
Life expectancy at age 65 - females(a)
years
19.5
r19.5
r19.7
r19.8
19.8
20.0
20.2
20.4
20.7
20.8
n.y.a.
5
Disability-free
life expectancy at birth - males
years
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
57.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.y.a.
6
Disability-free
life expectancy at birth - females
years
64.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
63.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.y.a.
7
Males surviving to age 50 years
%
93.7
93.8
r93.8
r93.8
93.8
93.9
93.9
94.0
94.2
94.4
n.y.a.
8
Females surviving to age 50
%
96.6
r96.7
r96.7
r96.8
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.9
96.9
n.y.a.
9
Males surviving to age 70
%
72.5
72.9
r73.7
r74.2
r74.1
74.7
75.5
76.3
77.3
78.1
n.y.a.
10
Females surviving to age 70
%
r84.3
r84.5
r84.8
r85.1
r85.0
85.2
85.7
86.1
86.6
86.8
n.y.a.
11
Males surviving to age 85
%
r25.8
25.5
r27.3
r27.4
28.0
28.6
29.9
31.2
32.9
34.0
n.y.a.
12
Females surviving to age 85
%
r45.4
r45.2
r46.5
r47.0
47.0
47.8
48.9
50.2
51.6
52.2
n.y.a.
Mortality(b)
13
Total number of deaths
'000
121.6
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
128.1
128.3
128.9
133.7
n.y.a.
14
Standardised death rate
(per 1,000 population)
rate
r8.0
r8.1
r7.8
r7.8
r7.6
r7.2
r7.1
r6.8
r6.6
6.7
n.y.a.
15
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.7
5.2
5.3
5.0
n.y.a.
16
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births
and fetal deaths combined)
rate
9.2
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
8.5
8.3
8.4
8.0
n.y.a.
Disability(c)(d)
17
Persons with a disability
%
17.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
18.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.y.a.
18
Persons with a profound/severe
core activity restriction
%
4.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
5.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.y.a.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Rates are per 100,000 population(b)
Leading causes(c)
19
Cancer
rate
r209
r209
r205
r205
r199
r196
r191
r189
r189
188
n.y.a.
20
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
r200
r200
r187
r182
r175
r162
r153
r142
r135
130
n.y.a.
21
Stroke
rate
r84
r86
r82
r80
r75
r71
r69
r66
r63
62
n.y.a.
Selected cancers(c)
22
Lung cancer - males
rate
r65
r67
r64
r63
r59
r59
r57
r55
r54
53
n.y.a.
23
Lung cancer - females
rate
r21
r21
r22
r22
r22
r21
r21
r22
r23
24
n.y.a.
24
Breast cancer - females
rate
r31
r31
r29
r29
r28
r27
r25
r25
r25
25
n.y.a.
25
Prostate cancer - males
rate
r44
r43
r41
r42
r37
r37
r35
r36
r35
35
n.y.a.
26
Skin cancer
rate
r8
r8
r8
r8
r7
r7
r7
r7
r8
7
n.y.a.
Heart disease and diabetes(c)
27
Ischaemic heart disease - males
rate
r264
r262
r248
r240
r229
r214
r202
r185
r176
170
n.y.a.
28
Ischaemic heart disease - females
rate
r150
r152
r141
r136
r132
r122
r115
r108
r102
98
n.y.a.
29
Diabetes mellitus
rate
r17
r18
r17
r18
r18
r16
r16
r16
r16
17
n.y.a.
Motor vehicle accidents
30
Motor vehicle traffic accident(c)
rate
11
11
11
11
r9
9
9
9
9
8
n.y.a.
31
Males aged 15-24 years
rate
33
31
33
32
28
27
27
28
27
24
n.y.a.
32
Females aged 15-24
rate
10
10
11
8
10
9
9
10
7
8
n.y.a.
Suicide
33
Suicide(c)
rate
12
13
13
13
15
14
13
12
13
12
n.y.a.
34
Males(c)
rate
r20
21
21
r22
r24
23
r22
20
20
19
n.y.a.
35
Females(c)
rate
4
5
r6
5
6
6
5
5
5
5
n.y.a.
36
Males aged 15-24 years
rate
25
27
25
26
31
27
23
20
20
19
n.y.a.
37
Females aged 15-24
rate
4
4
6
4
7
6
6
6
5
4
n.y.a.
Drug induced(c)
38
Drug induced
rate
5
6
r6
6
7
9
9
8
5
5
n.y.a.
39
Males
rate
6
r7
9
r8
10
r12
r13
r11
7
6
n.y.a.
40
Females
rate
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
4
4
n.y.a.


RISK FACTORS

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Immunisation status(e)
41
Fully immunised children aged 12-15 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
78.6
86.1
88.4
91.5
90.2
91.0
42
Fully immunised children aged 24-27 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
81.7
86.6
88.1
91.6
43
Fully immunised children aged 72-75 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
80.6
83.7
Drinking and smoking(f)
44
Risky/high-risk drinkers
- of males aged 18 years and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
10.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.2
n.a.
n.a.
45
Risky/high-risk drinkers
- of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
6.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
8.5
n.a.
n.a.
46
Current smokers
- of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
28.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
27.3
n.a.
n.a.
47
Current smokers
- of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
21.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
21.4
n.a.
n.a.
Diet and exercise(f)
48
Overweight/obese adults
- of males aged 18 years and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
49.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
54.4
n.a.
n.a.
49
Overweight/obese adults
- of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
32.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
38.2
n.a.
n.a.
50
Adults with low usual intake of fruit
- of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
53.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
53.5
n.a.
n.a.
51
Adults with low usual intake of fruit
- of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
44.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
41.9
n.a.
n.a.
52
Adults who are physically inactive
- of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
35.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
30.9
n.a.
n.a.
53
Adults who are physically inactive
- of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
35.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
32.0
n.a.
n.a.
High blood pressure(f)
54
Hypertension - of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
13.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
12.8
n.a.
n.a.
55
Hypertension - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
n.a.
14.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.9
n.a.
n.a.

SERVICES

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

56
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
rate
247
r267
r279
r291
r296
r304
r309
r312
r319
324
n.y.a.
57
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
4.4
4.2
4.5
4.6
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0
n.y.a.
58
Average length of stay in hospital
days
4.8
r4.6
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.1
3.9
r3.8
3.7
3.6
n.y.a.
59
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
248
n.a.
n.a.
60
Residential aged care places
(per 1,000 population aged 70 and over)
no.
93.1
92.6
92.2
90.6
r89.2
r87.1
r85.6
r83.6
r82.2
81.6
n.y.a
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(g)
61
Per person
no.
r10.1
r10.4
r10.7
r11.0
r11.0
r11.0
r11.1
r11.1
r11.1
11.3
11.1
62
Per male
no.
r8.2
r8.6
r8.8
r9.1
r9.1
r9.2
r9.2
r9.2
r9.3
9.4
9.3
63
Per female
no.
r11.9
r12.2
r12.6
r12.8
r12.8
r12.8
r12.9
r12.9
r12.9
13.1
12.9
64
Proportion of Medicare services
used by persons aged 65 and over
%
21.4
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2
24.6
25.3
25.8
27.4
27.4

EXPENDITURE

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

65
Persons with private health insurance
%
39.4
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
r30.6
30.6
43.0
r44.9
44.3
43.5
66
Total health expenditure per person
per year (1999-2000 reference year)
$
1,996
2,082
2,183
2,313
2,453
2,596
2,743
2,922
3,153
3,397
n.y.a.
67
Total health expenditure
as a proportion of GDP
%
8.2
8.3
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
9.0
9.3
n.y.a.

(a) For 1992-1996 data, expectation of life was based on annual life tables (statistical models used to represent mortality of a population; for more information, see Deaths, Australia, (cat. no. 3302.0)). From 1997, expectation of life has been calculated using data for the three years ending in the year shown in the table heading.
(b) Based on deaths registered during the year.
(c) Rates are age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.
(d) Adjusted to a common basis for the two disability surveys of 1993 and 1998. As a result, the national estimate for 1998 is not the same as that shown in theState summary table.
(e) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.
(f) Age-standardised to the 2001 National Health Survey benchmark population.
(g) Average number of services processed per Australian resident.
Reference periods: Data for indicators 1-12 are calculated using data for the three years ending in the year shown in the table heading from 1997 onwards.
Data for indicators 13-40 are for the calendar year.
Data for indicators 41-43 are at 31 December for 2003 and at 30 June for 1998-2002.
Data for indicators 44-55 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey.
Data for indicators 56-58, 60-64 and 66-67 are for the financial year.
Data for indicator 59 are at August.
Data for indicator 65 are at the June quarter of each year.


HEALTH: STATE SUMMARY

HEALTH STATUS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Life expectancy
1
Life expectancy at birth - males
years
2000-2002
77.3
77.8
77.2
77.3
77.9
76.5
71.3
79.2
77.4
2
Life expectancy at birth - females
years
2000-2002
82.6
82.8
82.4
82.6
82.9
81.3
76.7
83.3
82.6
3
Males surviving to age 50 years
%
2000-2002
94.5
94.9
94.2
94.4
94.6
94.3
87.7
95.5
94.4
4
Females surviving to age 50
%
2000-2002
97.1
97.1
96.8
96.9
96.9
96.6
92.5
97.7
96.9
5
Males surviving to age 70
%
2000-2002
77.8
79.1
77.4
78.0
79.2
76.2
64.3
82.3
78.1
6
Females surviving to age 70
%
2000-2002
86.8
87.3
86.7
86.7
87.2
84.3
74.6
88.6
86.8
7
Males surviving to age 85
%
2000-2002
33.5
34.8
34.1
33.4
35.4
30.7
23.0
38.9
34.0
8
Females surviving to age 85
%
2000-2002
52.0
52.8
51.9
52.3
53.7
47.5
36.8
52.8
52.2
Mortality(a)
9
Total number of deaths
'000
2002
46.4
33.8
24.0
12.0
11.3
4.0
0.9
1.4
133.7
10
Standardised death rate
(per 1,000 population)
rate
2002
6.6
6.6
6.8
6.7
6.4
7.6
9.0
5.9
6.7
11
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
2002
4.6
5.0
5.8
5.1
4.3
6.2
11.3
3.4
5.0
12
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births
and fetal deaths combined)
rate
2002
7.2
8.3
8.8
8.3
7.1
12.9
10.4
5.6
8.0
Morbidity and disability prevalence
13
Cancer(b)
%
2001
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.0
n.a.
1.7
1.4
14
Ischaemic and other heart disease(b)
%
2001
1.6
2.1
2.5
1.8
1.5
2.2
n.a.
2.2
1.9
15
Diabetes(b)
%
2001
2.9
3.1
2.8
2.9
2.7
2.1
n.a.
3.1
2.9
16
Asthma(b)
%
2001
11.1
12.1
12.0
12.6
10.5
11.7
n.a.
12.3
11.6
17
Injury(b)
%
2001
3.7
3.4
4.2
3.3
2.8
4.8
n.a.
4.4
3.7
18
High/very high levels of psychological
distress - aged 18 and over(b)
%
2001
12.9
12.9
11.8
14.2
11.1
13.9
n.a.
9.2
12.6
19
Arthritis(b)
%
2001
13.9
12.9
14.1
12.9
13.5
18.7
n.a.
11.8
13.6
20
Persons with a disability(c)(d)
%
1998
19.3
18.0
19.9
22.4
19.5
22.3
13.3
17.2
19.3
21
Persons with a profound/severe
core activity restriction(c)(d)
%
1998
6.0
5.7
6.8
5.9
5.9
7.3
6.6
6.7
6.1

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
Years(e)
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Rates are per 100,000 population
Leading causes(d)
22
Cancer
rate
2000-2002
185
192
191
189
186
216
210
176
189
23
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
2000-2002
136
126
150
140
122
147
159
117
135
24
Stroke
rate
2000-2002
68
58
66
61
54
70
59
62
64
Selected cancers(d)
25
Lung cancer - males
rate
2000-2002
53
52
57
52
58
62
76
34
54
26
Lung cancer - females
rate
2000-2002
22
23
23
21
24
32
32
19
23
27
Breast cancer - females
rate
2000-2002
24
26
24
28
24
27
20
27
25
28
Prostate cancer - males
rate
2000-2002
35
37
37
36
30
43
24
33
36
29
Skin cancer
rate
2000-2002
8
6
9
6
8
7
8
6
7
Heart disease and diabetes(d)
30
Ischaemic heart disease - males
rate
2000-2002
177
167
189
188
161
188
190
144
176
31
Ischaemic heart disease - females
rate
2000-2002
103
95
118
103
92
113
119
93
103
32
Diabetes mellitus
rate
2000-2002
13
20
16
16
18
18
49
13
16
Motor vehicle accidents
33
Motor vehicle traffic accident(d)
rate
2000-2002
8
8
9
10
10
9
23
5
9
34
Males aged 15-24
rate
2000-2002
25
24
27
29
33
28
54
12
26
35
Females aged 15-24
rate
2000-2002
7
8
9
8
11
9
32
5
8
Suicide
36
Suicide(d)
rate
2000-2002
11
11
15
13
14
13
23
10
12
37
Males(d)
rate
2000-2002
18
17
24
21
21
22
38
17
20
38
Females(d)
rate
2000-2002
5
5
6
5
6
5
6
4
5
39
Males aged 15-24
rate
2000-2002
17
15
26
23
26
20
46
13
20
40
Females aged 15-24
rate
2000-2002
4
5
6
3
7
7
16
5
5
Drug induced(d)
41
Drug induced
rate
2000-2002
6
7
6
6
6
5
6
5
6
42
Males
rate
2000-2002
9
9
7
7
7
6
8
6
8
43
Females
rate
2000-2002
4
5
4
4
5
4
3
4
4

RISK FACTORS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Immunisation status(f)
44
Fully immunised children aged 12-15 months
%
2003
91.0
91.7
91.3
91.6
89.1
91.7
85.5
88.3
91.0
45
Fully immunised children aged 24-27 months
%
2003
90.8
92.1
92.5
92.9
89.8
94.4
93.6
89.0
91.6
46
Fully immunised children aged 72-75 months
%
2003
82.9
86.2
83.6
83.6
80.2
85.0
82.4
84.7
83.7
Drinking and smoking(b)
47
Risky/high-risk drinkers
- of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
13.1
10.9
15.8
14.0
13.9
12.8
n.a.
14.1
13.2
48
Risky/high-risk drinkers
- of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
8.6
7.7
8.1
8.0
11.1
7.0
n.a.
9.3
8.5
49
Current smokers
- of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
27.2
27.7
30.5
28.2
24.8
25.0
n.a.
20.9
27.3
50
Current smokers
- of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
21.3
20.6
20.7
21.4
21.5
23.7
n.a.
19.0
21.4
Diet and exercise(b)
51
Overweight/obese adults
- of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
54.5
54.4
55.8
51.9
55.0
54.2
n.a.
51.9
54.4
52
Overweight/obese adults
- of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
37.6
37.9
41.3
38.1
36.2
36.6
n.a.
32.6
38.2
53
Adults with low usual intake of fruit
- of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
53.9
54.2
50.3
62.2
50.1
56.2
n.a.
50.6
53.5
54
Adults with low usual intake of fruit
- of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
43.8
39.7
39.6
43.4
40.8
43.8
n.a.
40.9
41.9
55
Adults who are physically inactive
- of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
32.8
28.2
31.2
31.7
28.8
31.9
n.a.
24.0
30.9
56
Adults who are physically inactive
- of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
36.1
28.8
33.0
32.4
28.1
32.0
n.a.
24.2
32.0
High blood pressure(b)
57
Hypertension - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
12.7
11.9
11.8
12.6
12.9
16.0
n.a.
16.2
12.8
58
Hypertension - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
14.3
14.2
15.6
14.0
13.1
16.0
n.a.
12.0
13.9

SERVICES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

59
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
rate
2001-02
285
341
358
334
353
313
394
310
324
60
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
2001-02
3.8
3.7
4.4
5.0
4.4
4.5
3.4
3.3
4.0
61
Average length of stay in hospital
days
2001-02
4.0
3.5
3.4
3.9
3.4
3.9
3.2
3.4
3.6
62
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
2001
251
252
234
276
232
235
253
287
248
63
Residential aged care places (per
1,000 population aged 70 and over)
no.
2001-02
81.0
78.5
85.9
83.7
82.8
82.3
103.3
76.1
81.6
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(h)
64
Per person
no.
2002-03
11.8
11.2
10.9
10.8
10.3
10.2
7.4
9.6
11.1
65
Per male
no.
2002-03
10.0
9.4
9.0
9.0
8.4
8.2
5.9
7.8
9.3
66
Per female
no.
2002-03
13.5
12.9
12.8
12.5
12.3
12.0
9.1
11.3
12.9
67
Proportion of Medicare services
used by persons aged 65 and over
%
2002-03
27.7
28.3
26.1
30.6
24.9
28.6
9.9
21.2
27.4

EXPENDITURE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

68
Persons with private health insurance
%
2003
44.6
43.0
40.7
44.5
46.1
43.2
32.4
(g)
43.5

(a) Based on deaths registered during the year.
(b) Rates are age standardised to the 2001 National Health Survey benchmark population.
(c) Disability estimates for Northern Territory relate to mainly urban areas only.
(d) Rates are age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.
(e) 1995-2001 data are calculated using the average of three years of data and the final year is shown. Other years report the reference year only.
(f) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.
(g) The Australian Capital Territory is included in New South Wales.
(h) Average number of services processed per Australian resident.
Reference periods: Data for indicators 1-8 are calculated using the average of three years of data.
Data for indicators 9-21 are for the calendar year.
Data for indicators 22-43 are calculated using the average of three years of deaths data, divided by the population of the middle year.
Data for indicators 44-46 are at 31 December.
Data for indicators 47-58 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey.
Data for indicators 59-61 and 63-67 are for the financial year.
Data for indicator 62 are at August.
Data for indicator 68 are for the June quarter.


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