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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2009–10  
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Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufacturing industry

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

Economic contribution

The contribution of an industry to the overall production of goods and services in an economy, gross domestic product (GDP), is measured by gross value added (GVA). Information on the relationship between industry GVA and GDP is provided in the Industry structure and performance chapter.

20.1 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION(a)(b)
Graph: 20.1 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION(a)(b)

20.2 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Gross value added(b)

ANZSIC Subdivision
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
Percentage change
from 2003-04
to 2007-08

Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing $m
19 635.0
19 812
19 668
19 846
19 787
0.8
Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing $m
4 156
3 381
3 152
3 103
2 969
-28.6
Wood and paper product manufacturing $m
7 274
7 331
7 044
6 875
6 591
-9.4
Printing, publishing and recorded media $m
10 871
10 600
10 399
10 646
10 941
0.6
Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing $m
15 528
15 528
14 895
14 703
15 025
-3.2
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing $m
4 402
4 618
5 148
5 258
5 490
24.7
Metal product manufacturing $m
17 240
16 751
16 582
18 322
20 406
18.4
Machinery and equipment manufacturing $m
19 577
19 682
20 560
20 510
21 073
7.6
Other manufacturing $m
4 850
4 464
4 032
4 030
4 494
-7.3
Total manufacturing(c) $m
103 093
101 846
101 320
103 292
106 776
3.6
Contribution to GDP %
10.8
10.4
10.0
9.9
9.8
. .

. . not applicable
(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
(b) Volume measures. Reference year is 2006–07.
(c) Volume measures for years other than 2006–07 and 2007–08 are not additive.
Source: ABS Australian System of National Accounts, 2007–08 (5204.0).


Total production of the manufacturing industry, as measured by industry GVA (in volume terms), increased between 1991-92 to 2003-04 (graph 20.1). During this period, production increased by 31%. Manufacturing production decreased between 2003-04 and 2005-06, before increasing to $107 billion (b) in 2007-08.

Table 20.2 shows the industry GVA of the subdivisions (components) within the manufacturing division as defined in the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (1292.0). The contribution of the manufacturing industry to Australia's GDP between 2003-04 and 2007-08 fell from 11% to 10%.

For these periods the manufacturing industry GVA (in volume terms) rose by $4b or 4%. The largest increase in production in the period was for non-metallic mineral products manufacturing (25%), followed by metal products manufacturing (18%).

Production for textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing fell by 29%. Other industry subdivisions that recorded falls over this period were wood and paper products manufacturing (9%), other manufacturing (7%) and petroleum, coal, chemical and associated products manufacturing (3%).

Between 2006-07 and 2007-08, production increased for six of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions. The largest increases were for other manufacturing (12%), metal products manufacturing (11%) and non-metallic mineral products manufacturing (4%). The greatest decreases were for textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing and wood and paper products manufacturing (both 4%).


Structure and performance

The major source of statistics in this section is the annual Economic Activity Survey (EAS) of businesses, conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

Production of an industry can be measured in terms of industry value added (IVA), in much the same way as industry GVA. However, unlike industry GVA (the national accounts concept of production), IVA is not adjusted for a number of national accounting conventions, as the information to make these adjustments cannot be collected in the EAS. The advantage of IVA, however, is the availability of more detailed (component) industry and state estimates of manufacturing production.

Summary of operations in 2007-08

In 2007-08 manufacturing businesses paid $62b in labour costs, and generated $396b of sales and service income and $105b of Industry Value Added (IVA) (table 20.3).

Food product manufacturing was the largest contributor to total manufacturing sales and service income ($68b or 17%), the largest contributor to total labour costs ($11b or 18%), and also contributed the most to total manufacturing IVA ($16b or 15%). Other industry subdivisions making major contributions were primary metal and metal product manufacturing (just under 17% of sales and service income and 15% of IVA), petroleum and coal product manufacturing (10% of sales and service income) and machinery and equipment manufacturing (10% of IVA).

20.3 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Selected performance measures - 2007-08

Labour costs(b)
Sales and service income(c)
Industry value added
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
$m

Food product manufacturing
10 927
67 838
15 713
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
2 192
16 040
5 810
Textile, leather, clothing and footwear manufacturing
1 970
9 905
2 938
Wood product manufacturing
2 608
13 099
4 332
Pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing
1 775
9 904
2 853
Printing (including the reproduction of recorded media)
2 784
9 429
3 974
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
881
37 820
3 216
Basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing
3 697
27 699
7 400
Polymer product and rubber product manufacturing
3 368
17 374
5 781
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
2 988
16 840
5 251
Primary metal and metal product manufacturing
5 683
65 742
15 276
Fabricated metal product manufacturing
6 695
28 605
9 593
Transport equipment manufacturing
7 042
34 939
9 516
Machinery and equipment manufacturing
7 346
32 516
10 636
Furniture and other manufacturing
1 567
8 069
2 675
Total manufacturing
61 523
395 818
104 963

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 edition.
(b) Includes wages and salaries, workers compensation premiums/costs and employers contributions into superannuation. Includes capitalised wages.
(c) Includes rent, leasing and hiring income and other royalties income.
Source: ABS Australian Industry, Australia, 2007–08 (8155.0).


Contribution to state production

Graph 20.4 shows the manufacturing industry's contribution to state production (in current prices) for 2007-08. Tasmania and South Australia had the highest contribution to state production from manufacturing (both 14%), followed by Victoria (13%) and New South Wales (11%). The Australian Capital Territory had the lowest contribution by manufacturing in 2007-08, with 1%.

20.4 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY'S CONTRIBUTION TO STATE PRODUCTION(a) - 2007-08
Graph: 20.4 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY'S CONTRIBUTION TO STATE PRODUCTION(a)—2007–08


State distribution of activity

Graph 20.5 shows the relative contributions to overall manufacturing production by states and territories in 2004-05. New South Wales and Victoria continued to be the largest contributors to manufacturing production, accounting for 32% ($32b) and 31% ($30b) respectively.

20.5 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION(a) - 2004-05
Graph: 20.5 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION(a)—2004–05


Table 20.6 shows the production by manufacturing industry subdivision by state and territory. In 2004-05, New South Wales contributed 39% of the total IVA of the printing, publishing and recorded media industry ($10b) and between 29% and 35% of the total IVA of the remaining manufacturing industries. Victoria contributed 42% of the total IVA of the textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing industry ($3b), 37% of the total IVA of the petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing industry ($13b), and between 21% and 35% of the total IVA of the remaining manufacturing industries.

Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing, and metal manufacturing were the largest manufacturing industries in New South Wales accounting for 20% each of total manufacturing IVA for that state. In Victoria, machinery and equipment manufacturing and food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing were the largest with 23% and 19% respectively.

Queensland contributed 20% of the total IVA for metal product manufacturing which was also the largest manufacturing industry (24%) in this state. The contributions of South Australia and Western Australia to total manufacturing IVA were $8b and $9b respectively, although the structure of the manufacturing industry was very different. Machinery and equipment manufacturing was the largest manufacturing industry in South Australia, accounting for 29% of state production and 13% of the total IVA for the industry. South Australia also contributed between 5% and 11% of the total IVA of the remaining manufacturing industries. Western Australia contributed 14% of total IVA for metal product manufacturing and 13% of total IVA for non-metallic mineral product manufacturing. Metal product manufacturing was the largest manufacturing industry in the state, accounting for 28% of state production.

Manufacturing was not as significant for the remaining states and territories. Tasmania, which accounted for $2b of total manufacturing IVA, contributed 8% of total IVA for wood and paper product manufacturing. The total production for the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory were $0.8b and $0.4b respectively.
20.6 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Value added - 2004 - 05

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing
6 404.3
5 519.3
3 261.5
1 756.5
1 146.7
401.7
37.1
35.5
18 562.5
Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing
847.9
1 241.6
345.4
132.6
269.6
66.7
10.1
8.6
2 922.5
Wood and paper product manufacturing
1 813.7
1 856.2
1 112.9
741.4
415.0
506.2
10.9
27.7
6 483.9
Printing, publishing and recorded media
3 893.9
3 080.3
1 313.6
675.8
814.3
145.6
48.6
140.6
10 112.7
Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing
3 861.1
4 733.4
1 961.0
682.0
1 513.3
150.7
30.4
15.8
12 947.8
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
1 543.5
1 119.9
862.0
433.4
638.5
120.5
54.2
51.2
4 823.3
Metal product manufacturing
6 214.1
3 974.8
3 751.4
1 096.7
2 565.8
620.7
471.4
53.0
18 747.9
Machinery and equipment manufacturing
5 683.7
6 648.7
2 573.7
2 403.0
1 420.6
248.7
71.9
80.2
19 130.6
Other manufacturing
1 324.0
1 169.9
778.2
323.6
414.4
69.9
24.1
28.1
4 132.2
Total manufacturing
31 586.4
29 344.1
15 959.7
8 245.1
9 198.0
2 330.6
758.7
440.8
97 863.4

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
Source: ABS Australian Industry, Australia, 2004–05 (8155.0).


Employment and earnings

The number of male and female workers in each manufacturing industry subdivision for 2007-08 and 2008-09 is provided in table 20.7. The table includes directors who are not paid a salary and self-employed people (such as contractors, owner/drivers, consultants and people paid solely by commission without a retainer).

In 2008-09 the manufacturing industry employed 9% (1,016,700) of all people employed in Australia (10,766,600). Males outnumbered females by a ratio of around 3 to 1 (74% males and 26% females).

The largest employers of males in 2008-09 were food product manufacturing (114,900) and machinery and equipment manufacturing (94,100). The largest employers of females were food product manufacturing (78,600) and textile, leather, clothing and footwear manufacturing (31,100).
20.7 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Employment(b)

2007-08

2008-09

Males
Females
Persons
Males
Females
Persons
ANZSIC Subdivision
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Food product manufacturing
120.2
81.4
201.6
114..9
78.6
193.5
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
19.1
7.7
26.8
20.6
9.4
30.0
Textile, leather, clothing, and footwear manufacturing
20.8
28.7
49.5
16.8
31.1
47.9
Wood product manufacturing
42.2
7.1
49.3
39.3
6.4
45.7
Pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing
15.2
4.7
19.9
17.0
3.9
20.9
Printing (including the reproduction of recorded media)
35.9
17.7
53.6
35.2
15.6
50.8
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
7.1
1.0
8.1
5.5
2.0
7.5
Basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing
23.9
20.0
43.8
26.2
19.2
45.5
Polymer product and rubber product manufacturing
33.9
11.9
45.7
28.9
7.8
36.7
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
36.3
5.6
42.0
34.4
4.9
39.3
Primary metal and metal product manufacturing
74.9
8.0
82.9
73.1
10.8
83.9
Fabricated metal product manufacturing
65.6
9.4
75.0
61.0
10.2
71.2
Transport equipment manufacturing
88.4
14.4
102.8
78.6
12.9
91.5
Machinery and equipment manufacturing
89.6
25.0
114.7
94.1
23.9
118.0
Furniture and other manufacturing
48.4
11.6
60.0
49.3
13.5
62.8
Manufacturing, nfd(c)
60.0
20.4
80.4
54.1
17.4
71.5
Total manufacturing
781.5
274.7
1 056.2
749.0
267.7
1 016.7

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 edition.
(b) Annual average of quarterly data.
(c) Not further defined. Insufficient detail collected from survey respondent to allocate them to a specific industry code.
Source: ABS Labour Force Australia, Detailed - Quarterly (6291.0.55.003).


Table 20.8 presents information on average weekly earnings (i.e. ordinary time earnings plus overtime earnings) of employees in the manufacturing industry compared with all industries. Between May 1999 and May 2009 the average earnings of all employees increased by $331 (46%) in the manufacturing industry. The increase in the manufacturing industry was higher (in dollar terms) than the increase of $308 for all industries, though lower in percentage terms. The increase in average earnings of full-time employees between May 1999 and May 2009 (in percentage terms) was lower in the manufacturing industry than for all industries (48% versus 57%).

In the manufacturing industry, the earnings of both male and female full-time employees increased but the increase for female employees was 13 percentage points more than the increase for male employees. Despite this increase, female earnings remain below average male earnings. The average weekly earnings for the manufacturing industry for male full-time employees at May 2009 was higher by $186 (18%) than for female full-time employees. In May 1999 male full-time employees were earning $186 (29%) more than female full-time employees.
20.8 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY, Average weekly earnings(a)(b) - May

All employees

Full-time employees


1999
2009
Change from
1999 to 2009
1999
2009
Change from
1999 to 2009
$
$
%
$
$
%

Males
Manufacturing
781.5
1 121.1
43.5
826.2
1 201.6
45.4
All industries
733.0
1 109.8
51.4
853.4
1 344.4
57.5
Females
Manufacturing
541.7
850.5
57.0
640.5
1 015.4
58.5
All industries
483.0
729.8
51.1
683.5
1 071.5
56.8
Persons
Manufacturing
719.3
1 050.3
46.0
786.3
1 161.1
47.7
All industries
611.1
918.8
50.4
790.6
1 241.3
57.0

(a) Derived by dividing estimates of weekly total earnings (including overtime) by estimates of number of employees. Changes in average weekly earnings may be affected not only by changes in the level of earnings of employees but also by changes in the overall composition of the wage and salary earner segment of the labour force.
(b) The actual reference period is the last pay period ending on or before the third Friday of the middle month of the quarter.
Source: ABS Average Weekly Earnings, Australia (6302.0).


Operating profit before tax (OPBT)

OPBT is a measure of profit before extraordinary items are brought to account and prior to the deduction of income tax and appropriations to owners (e.g. dividends paid).

Profits for eleven industry subdivisions were higher in 2007-08 than they were for 2006-07 (table 20.9). Manufacturing industries with lower OPBT in 2007-08 were beverage and tobacco product manufacturing, down 24% or $781 million (m), machinery and equipment manufacturing (down 5% or $177m), fabricated metal product manufacturing (down 2% or $47m) and primary metal and metal product manufacturing (down less than 1% or $67m).

The furniture and other manufacturing industry subdivision experienced the greatest increase in OPBT between 2006-07 and 2007-08 (113% or $512m). Other industries that experienced substantial profit growth over these periods included petroleum and coal product manufacturing (77% or $864m) and polymer product and rubber product manufacturing (50% or $624m). The OPBT for total manufacturing increased by 11% or $3,485m between 2006-07 and 2007-08.

Industries contributing most to total manufacturing industry profits for 2007-08 were primary metal and metal product manufacturing (24% of total manufacturing OPBT), food product manufacturing (10%) and basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing and machinery and equipment manufacturing (both 9%).

20.9 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Operating profit before tax

2006-07
2007-08
Change from
2006-07 to
2007-08
Subdivision contribution
to total manufacturing
2007-08
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
%
%

Food product manufacturing
2 634
3 467
31.6
10.1
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
3 306
2 525
-23.6
7.4
Textile, leather, clothing and footwear manufacturing
577
740
28.2
2.2
Wood product manufacturing
811
1 177
45.1
3.4
Pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing
431
607
40.8
1.8
Printing (including the reproduction of recorded media)
752
852
13.3
2.5
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
1 122
1 986
77.0
5.8
Basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing
2 923
3 197
9.4
9.4
Polymer product and rubber product manufacturing
1 254
1 878
49.8
5.5
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
1 364
1 528
12.0
4.5
Primary metal and metal product manufacturing
8 148
8 081
-0.8
23.6
Fabricated metal product manufacturing
2 644
2 597
-1.8
7.6
Transport equipment manufacturing
968
1 450
49.8
4.2
Machinery and equipment manufacturing
3 308
3 131
-5.4
9.2
Furniture and other manufacturing
453
965
113.0
2.8
Total manufacturing
30 696
34 181
11.4
100.0

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 edition.
Source: ABS Australian Industry, Australia, 2007–08 (8155.0).


Capital expenditure

Overall, capital expenditure by the manufacturing industry increased by $1,484m (9%) between 2006-07 and 2007-08 (table 20.10).

Eight of the fifteen manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded increases in capital expenditure in this period. The largest increases in percentage terms were in fabricated metal product manufacturing (70% or $662m), food product manufacturing (39% or $846m), and wood product manufacturing (32% or $132m). These increases were partly offset by decreases in expenditure in transport equipment manufacturing (down 19% or $341m), polymer product and rubber product manufacturing (down 18% or $109m) and primary metal and metal product manufacturing (down 6% or $221m).

The manufacturing industries with the largest capital expenditure were primary metal and metal product manufacturing (19% of total manufacturing capital expenditure), food product manufacturing (17%) and fabricated metal product manufacturing and basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing (both 9%).

20.10 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Capital expenditure

2006-07
2007-08
Change from
2006-07 to
2007-08
Subdivision contribution
to total manufacturing
2007-08
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
%
%

Food product manufacturing
2 174
3 020
38.9
16.5
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
951
927
-2.5
5.1
Textile, leather, clothing and footwear manufacturing
276
357
29.3
2.0
Wood product manufacturing
417
549
31.7
3.0
Pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing
566
731
29.2
4.0
Printing (including the reproduction of recorded media)
620
589
-5.0
3.2
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
540
607
12.4
3.3
Basic chemical and chemical product manufacturing
1 704
1 599
-6.2
8.8
Polymer product and rubber product manufacturing
619
510
-17.6
2.8
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
981
1 000
1.9
5.5
Primary metal and metal product manufacturing
3 764
3 543
-5.9
19.4
Fabricated metal product manufacturing
940
1 602
70.4
8.8
Transport equipment manufacturing
1 786
1 445
-19.1
7.9
Machinery and equipment manufacturing
1 228
1 535
25.0
8.4
Furniture and other manufacturing
208
246
18.3
1.3
Total manufacturing
16 773
18 257
8.8
100.0

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 edition.
Source: ABS Australian Industry, Australia, 2007–08 (8155.0).


Research and experimental development (R and D)

In the business context, R and D is defined as systematic investigation or experimentation involving innovation or technical risk, the outcome of which is new knowledge, with or without a specific practical application or new or improved products, processes, materials, devices or services. R and D activity extends to modifications to existing products and processes. R and D activity ceases and pre-production begins when work is no longer experimental.

Total R and D business expenditure by the manufacturing industry increased by $126m (3%) between 2005-06 and 2006-07 (table 20.11). Industries contributing the most to manufacturing R and D expenditure in 2006-07 were motor vehicle and part and other transport equipment manufacturing (22%), petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (17%), metal product manufacturing (16%) and photographic and scientific equipment manufacturing (11%). Together, these industries accounted for 66% of total R and D expenditure by the manufacturing industry and 21% of the total R and D expenditure by all industries.

20.11 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Business R&D expenditure(b)

2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
$m

Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing
343
331
384
Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing
35
39
31
Wood and paper product manufacturing
115
150
130
Printing, publishing and recorded media
71
93
145
Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing
598
707
675
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
70
93
103
Metal product manufacturing
412
622
618
Motor vehicle and part and other transport equipment manufacturing
757
859
861
Photographic and scientific equipment manufacturing
320
223
422
Electronic and electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing
470
487
355
Industrial machinery and equipment manufacturing
174
171
192
Other manufacturing
60
62
47
Total manufacturing
3 424
3 837
3 963

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
(b) Includes capital and current expenditure.
Source: ABS Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia (8104.0).


Of manufacturing industry total R and D business expenditure in 2006-07, 7% was on capital expenditure, 42% on labour costs and 51% on other current expenditure (table 20.12). The motor vehicle and part and other transport equipment manufacturing industry contributed the largest expenditure on R and D by the manufacturing industry for labour costs (26%). The petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing industry was the largest contributor for capital expenditure (24%). Manufacturing accounted for 34% of the capital expenditure, 39% of the labour costs, and 29% of other current expenditure on R and D by all industries.

20.12 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY(a), Type of business expenditure on R&D - 2006 - 07

Capital expenditure
Labour costs
Other current expenditure
Total
ANZSIC Subdivision
$m
$m
$m
$m

Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing
26
178
180
384
Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing
6
14
11
31
Wood and paper product manufacturing
15
29
87
130
Printing, publishing and recorded media
6
68
70
145
Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing
64
225
386
675
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
9
32
62
103
Metal product manufacturing
44
158
416
618
Motor vehicle and part and other transport equipment manufacturing
48
435
378
861
Photographic and scientific equipment manufacturing
15
219
188
422
Electronic and electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing
11
189
155
355
Industrial machinery and equipment manufacturing
22
88
82
192
Other manufacturing
4
22
20
47
Total manufacturing
271
1 657
2 035
3 963

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
Source: ABS Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia (8104.0).


Price indexes

The ABS compiles two price indexes relating to the manufacturing industry - the price index of materials used in manufacturing industries and the price index of articles produced by manufacturing industries. Information on recent trends in the prices of materials used and articles produced in individual manufacturing industries is provided in the section Producer price indexes (PPI) in the Prices chapter.


International trade

The manufacturing industry is a significant component of Australia's value of merchandise exports by industry of origin, accounting for 40% of total exports in 2008-09 (table 20.13). The value of manufacturing exports was 59% higher in 2008-09 than in 1999-2000. However, the manufacturing industry share of the total value of merchandise exports has been trending down over this period, in particular falling significantly between 2007-08 and 2008-09.

20.13 VALUE OF MERCHANDISE EXPORTS OF GOODS, By industry of origin(a)

Manufacturing
All industries
Manufacturing share of total exports
$m
$m
%

1999-2000
57 982
97 286
59.6
2000-01
69 128
119 539
57.8
2001-02
69 111
121 108
57.1
2002-03
65 810
115 479
57.0
2003-04
62 442
109 049
57.3
2004-05
67 496
126 823
53.2
2005-06
75 102
152 492
49.2
2006-07
85 383
168 099
50.8
2007-08
88 496
180 857
48.9
2008-09
92 457
230 620
40.1

(a) On a free-on-board basis.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Graph 20.14 shows the five main destinations, by value, for manufacturing commodities exported from Australia during the period 2002-03 to 2008-09. Of these, the key destinations in 2008-09 were the United Kingdom, the United States of America (USA), and Japan. In 2008-09, the value of exports to the United Kingdom was just under $10b, compared with just over $8b for the USA and just under $8b for Japan. Over the period 2002-03 to 2008-09 the value of exports to India has increased by around two and half times (from just under $3b to just over $7b).

20.14 Manufacturing exports, Main destinations
Graph: 20.14 Manufacturing exports, Main destinations


More than 90% of Australia's total value of imports during the period 1999-2000 to 2007-08 were manufactured goods (table 20.15). In 2008-09 this figure dropped slightly to 89%. The value of Australia's imports of manufactured goods almost doubled for the period 1999-2000 to 2007-08, from $102b to $195b.
20.15 VALUE OF MERCHANDISE IMPORTS OF GOODS, By industry of origin(a)

Manufacturing
All industries
Manufacturing share of total imports
$m
$m
%

1999 - 2000
102 382
110 078
93.0
2000 - 01
108 331
118 317
91.6
2001 - 02
111 162
119 649
92.9
2002 - 03
123 041
133 129
92.4
2003 - 04
122 844
130 997
93.8
2004 - 05
138 011
149 469
92.3
2005 - 06
152 841
167 503
91.2
2006 - 07
164 354
180 801
90.9
2007 - 08
181 682
202 307
89.9
2008 - 09
195 114
219 485
88.9

(a) Customs value.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Graph 20.16 shows the value of manufacturing commodities imported from five selected countries to Australia, in the period 2002-03 to 2008-09. From 2002-03 to 2004-05 Australia imported more manufactured goods from the USA than from any other country. However, in 2005-06, China overtook the USA as the country providing the largest amount of imports. The value of imports from China grew by 86% (from $19b to $36b) between 2004-05 and 2008-09.

20.16 Manufacturing imports(a), Selected countries
Graph: 20.16 Manufacturing imports(a), Selected countries





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